Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts: The Greatest Explosions Since the Big Bang

Overview

Gamma-ray bursts are the most powerful explosions known in the Universe. Since their discovery in the early 1970s, they have been the subject of intense study but have defied detailed explanation. It is believed that supernovae and gamma-ray bursts may be related phenomena. This book brings together scientists working on supernovae and gamma-ray bursts to explore this connection and forge a new understanding. It includes invited reviews by leading experts in both fields who gathered at the Space Telescope Science...

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Overview

Gamma-ray bursts are the most powerful explosions known in the Universe. Since their discovery in the early 1970s, they have been the subject of intense study but have defied detailed explanation. It is believed that supernovae and gamma-ray bursts may be related phenomena. This book brings together scientists working on supernovae and gamma-ray bursts to explore this connection and forge a new understanding. It includes invited reviews by leading experts in both fields who gathered at the Space Telescope Science Institute. It provides a comprehensive review of observations (ranging from gamma-rays to the radio) and theoretical models of supernovae and gamma-ray bursts, and a fascinating exploration of the possible links between the two classes of objects. It also critically examines the use of Type Ia supernovae for measuring the size of the Universe, and recent evidence for a cosmological constant. This volume provides a unique and stimulating reference for all students and researchers interested in supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, and the relationship between them.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Published for the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, MD, with which the editors are affiliated, this compilation of two dozen papers from the May 1999 symposium reflects this first-ever gathering of researchers working on supernovae and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In the initial examination of the GRB-supernova relationship, Paczy'nski (Princeton U. Observatory) reviews the breakthrough discoveries made since 1997 but considers prospects as modest for developing a viable quantitative GRB theory in the near future. Editor Livio discusses the implications of Type 1a supernovae for cosmology. Other papers address specific types of massive stars and observations. The final paper summarizes the conference. Lacks an index. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Mario Livio

Mario Livio is a senior astrophysicist and the Head of the Office of Public Outreach at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore, Maryland. He is the author of The Golden Ratio, a highly acclaimed book about mathematics and art for which he received the International Pythagoras Prize and the Peano Prize, The Equation That Couldn't Be Solved, and The Accelerating Universe.  He lives in Baltimore, Maryland.

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Table of Contents

Participants; Preface; Gamma-ray burst-supernova relation B. Paczynski; Observations of gamma-ray bursts G. Fishman; Fireballs T. Piran; Gamma-ray mechanisms M. Rees; Prompt optical emission from gamma-ray bursts R. Kehoe, C. Akerlof, R. Balsano, S. Barthelmy, J. Bloch, P. Butterworth, D. Casperson, T. Cline, S. Fletcher, F. Frontera, G. Gisler, J. Heise, J. Hills, K. Hurley, B. Lee, S. Marshall, T. McKay, A. Pawl, L. Piro, B. Priedhorsky, J. Szymanski and J. Wren; X-ray afterglows of gamma-ray bursts L. Piro; The first year of optical-IR observations of SN1998bw I. Danziger, T. Augusteijn, J. Brewer, E. Cappellaro, V. Doublier, T. Galama, J. Gonzalez, O. Hainaut, B. Leibundgut, C. Lidman, P. Mazzali, K. Nomoto, F. Patat, J. Spyromilio, M. Turatto, J. Van Paradijs, P. Vreeswijk and J. Walsh; X-ray emission of Supernova 1998bw in the error box of GRB980425 E. Pian; Direct analysis of spectra of type Ic supernovae D. Branch; The interaction of supernovae and gamma-ray bursts with their surroundings R. Chevalier; Magnetars, soft gamma-ray repeaters and gamma-ray bursts A. Harding; Super-luminous supernova remnants Y. -H. Chu, C. -H. Chen and S. -P. Lai; The properties of hypernovae: SNe Ic 1998bw, 1997ef, and SN IIn 1997cy K. Nomoto, P. Mazzali, T. Nakamura, K. Iwanmoto, K. Maeda, T. Suzuki, M. Turatto, I. Danziger and F. Patat; Collapsars, Gamma-Ray Bursts, and Supernovae S. Woosley, A. MacFadyen and A. Heger; Pre-supernova evolution of massive stars N. Panagia and G. Bono; Radio supernovae and GRB 980425 K. Weiler, N. Panagia, R. Sramek, S. Van Dyk, M. Montes and C. Lacey; Models for Ia supernovae and evolutionary effects P. Hoflich and I. Dominguez; Deflagration to detonation A. Khokhlov; Universality in SN Iae and the Phillips relation D. Arnett; Abundances from supernovae F. -K. Thielemann, F. Brachwitz, C. Freiburghaus, S. Rosswog, K. Iwamoto, T. Nakamura, K. Nomoto, H. Umeda, K. Langanke, G. Martinez-Pinedo, D. Dean, W. Hix and M. Strayer; Sne, GRBs, and the global properties of the Universe B. Schmidt; How good are SNe Ia as standard candles? A. Sandage, G. Tammann and A. Saha; Type Ia supernovae and their implications for cosmology M. Livio; Conference summary: supernovae and gamma-ray bursts J. Wheeler.

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