Supplementary Education: The Hidden Curriculum of Academic Achieversby Edmund W. Gordon
Pub. Date: 10/28/2004
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
In Supplementary Education, the editors argue that while access to schools that enable and expect academic achievement is a necessary ingredient for the education of students, schools alone may not be sufficient to ensure universally high levels of academic development. Supplemental educational experiences may also be needed. The idea of supplementary education is
In Supplementary Education, the editors argue that while access to schools that enable and expect academic achievement is a necessary ingredient for the education of students, schools alone may not be sufficient to ensure universally high levels of academic development. Supplemental educational experiences may also be needed. The idea of supplementary education is based on the assumption that high academic achievement is closely associated with exposure to family and community-based activities and learning experiences that occur both in and out of school in support of academic learning. For low income and some ethnic minority student groups, opportunities to participate in such activities are generally under-resourced and underutilized in comparison to the access to and participation in such activities by many European- and Asian- Americans from mid to high socio-economic backgrounds. This book makes the case for supplementary education. Specifically, it focuses on the need for universal access to high levels of academic achievement, and the challenge of reducing the "achievement gap" that exists between Asian American and European American students and their African American, Latina/o, and Native American counterparts. Having posed the problem, the editors define the construct and provide in-depth descriptions of some of the more colloquial expressions of supplementation in after school care, youth development, and other forms of supplemental education. The editors close with a discussion of the emerging institutionalization and need for more thoughtful and rigorous research of the supplementary education movement.
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Foreword Chapter 2 Preface Part 3 Part I: Conceptual Foundations for Supplementary Education Chapter 3 After-School Programs, Youth Development, and Other Forms of Supplementary Education Chapter 4 Universal Access to Academic Excellence Chapter 5 The Challenge, Context, and Preconditions of Academic Development at High Levels Chapter 7 Supplementation and Supplantation as Alternative Education Strategies Chapter 7 Supplementary Education, the Negotiation of Sociocultural Marginality, and the Uses of Reflexivity Chapter 8 Academic Politicalization: Supplementary Education from Black Resistance Chapter 9 Family Environments in Support of Academic Achievement Chapter 10 The Impact of Extracurricular Activities on Standardized Test Scores Part 12 Part II: Varieties of Supplementation Programs Chapter 13 A Taxonomy of Supplementary Education Programs Chapter 14 Varieties of Supplementary Education Interventions Chapter 15 Families as Contractual Partners in Education Chapter 16 Parents as Advocates for Education Chapter 17 Community Support for Supplementary Education Part 18 Part III: The Idea of Supplementary Education Chapter 19 The Institutionalization of Supplementary Education Chapter 20 Conceptual and Practical Issues in Evaluating Supplementary Education Programs Chapter 21 The Idea of Supplementary Education
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