Surfactant Science and Technology / Edition 3

Surfactant Science and Technology / Edition 3

by Drew Myers
     
 

ISBN-10: 0471680249

ISBN-13: 9780471680246

Pub. Date: 10/19/2005

Publisher: Wiley

A general introduction to surfactants, surface activity, and surfactant applications

Important advances in the tools available for studying the activity of surfactants has significantly increased scientific understanding of interfaces at the molecular level. However, there is still much to be learned. In this Third Edition of the successful classic, author and

Overview

A general introduction to surfactants, surface activity, and surfactant applications

Important advances in the tools available for studying the activity of surfactants has significantly increased scientific understanding of interfaces at the molecular level. However, there is still much to be learned. In this Third Edition of the successful classic, author and expert Drew Myers combines the latest information available in the field of surfactants with his original, accessible text on the subject.

Now fully updated to reflect recent developments in working with surfactants in both model and practical systems, the Third Edition of Surfactant Science and Technology provides a solid introduction to the field of surfactant science. Written especially for beginners and nonspecialists who would like a practical but not necessarily comprehensive knowledge of the field, this clear, cogent text conveys the most fundamental and useful concepts of surfactant action and application. New chapters bring readers up to date on current biological and medical applications of surfactants, as well as applications in food science, cosmetics, and other areas.

In addition to new chapters, Surfactant Science and Technology includes illustrative problems at the end of each chapter. These problems explain concepts discussed and stimulate imaginative solutions on the part of the reader. A helpful bibliography of supplementary resources for readers who desire more detail has also been included.

Surfactant Science and Technology, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for surface and polymer chemists, chemical and industrial engineers, and a wide range of chemistry students.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780471680246
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
10/19/2005
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.59(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Chapter One -- Surfactant Science and Technology: An Overview
Introduction
A Brief History of Surfactant Science and Technology
Surfaces, Interfaces, and Surfactant Structures
The Nature of Interfaces
Molecules at Interfaces
The Surfactant "Personality"
Surfactant Building Blocks
The Economic Role of Surfactants
Modern Surfactant Consumption
The Economic and Technological Future
Surfactants in the Environment
A Surfactant Glossary
The Shape of Things To Come
Chapter Two -- The Organic Chemistry of Surfactants
Introduction
The Many Faces of Dodecane
The Classification of Surfactants
Surfactant Solubilizing Groups
Common Surfactant Hydrophobic Groups
The Natural Fatty Acids
Paraffins
Olefins
Alkylbenzenes
Alcohols
Alkylphenols
Polyoxypropylenes
Fluorocarbons
Silicone Surfactants
Anionic Surfactants
Sulfate Esters
Fatty Alcohol Sulfates
Sulfated Fatty Acid Condensation Products
Sulfated Ethers
Sulfated Fats and Oils
Sulfonic Acid Salts
Aliphatic Sulfonates
Alkylaryl Sulfonates
α-Sulfocarboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives
Miscellaneous Sulfo Ester and Amide Surfactants
Alkyl Glyceryl Ether Sulfonates
Carboxylate Soaps and Detergents
Ligninsulfonates
Phosphoric Acid Esters and Related Surfactants
Cationic Surfactants
Textiles and Cleaning Applications
Antibacterial Applications
Corrosion Protection
Ore Flotation
Asphalt Emulsions
Miscellaneous Applications
Nonionic Surfactants
Polyoxyethylene-Based Surfactants
Derivatives of Polyglycerois and Other Polyols
BlockCopolymer Nonionic Surfactants
Miscellaneous Nonionic Surfactants
Amphoteric Surfactants
Imidazoline Derivatives
Surface Active Betaines and Sulfobetaines
Phosphatides and Related Amphoteric Surfactants
Chapter Three -- Surfactants In Solution: Micellization and Related Association Phenomena
Introduction
Surfactant Solubility
The Phase Spectrum of Surfactants In Solution
The History and Development of Micellar Theory
Manifestations of Micelle Formation
Thermodynamics of Dilute Surfactant Solutions
Classical Theories of Micelle Formation
Free Energy of Micellization
Molecular Geometry and the Formation of Association Colloids
Experimental Observations of Micellar Systems
Micellar Aggregation Numbers
The Critical Micelle Concentration
The Hydrophobic Group
The Hydrophilic Group
Counterion Effects on Micellization
The Effect of Additives on The Micellization Process
Electrolyte Effects on Micelle Formation
The Effect of pH
The Effects of Added Organic Materials
The Effect of Temperature on Micellization
Micelle Formation in Mixed Surfactant Systems
Micelle Formation in Nonaqueous Media
Chapter Four -- Solubilization, Microemulsions, and Miceliar Catalysis
Introduction
Solubilization In Surfactant Micelles
The "Geography" of Solubilization in Micelles
Surfactant Structure and the Solubilization Process
Solubilization and the Nature of the Additive
The Effect of Temperature on Solubilization Phenomena
The Effects of Nonelectrolyte Cosolutes
The Effects of Added Electrolyte
Miscellaneous Factors Affecting Solubilization
Microemulsions
Surfactants, Cosurfactants, and Microemulsion Formation
Micellar Catalysis
Micellar Catalysis in Aqueous Solvent
Micellar Catalysis in Nonaqueous Solvents
Chapter Five -- Liquid Crystals, Vesicles and Lipid Membranes
Introduction
Liquid Crystals
Liquid Crystalline Phases in Simple Binary Systems
Temperature and Additive Effects on Phase Behavior
Vesicles and Bilayer Membranes
Vesicles
Biological Membranes
Membrane Surfactants or Lipids
Polymerized Vesicles and Bilayers
Chapter Six -- Surfactant-Polymer Interactions
Introduction
Surfactant-Polymer Complex Formation
Nonionic Polymers
Ionic Polymers and Proteins
Polymers, Surfactants, and Solubilization
Our Daily Bread
Chapter Seven -- Surface Activity and the Liquid/Vapor Interface
Introduction
Interfaces and the Adsorption Phenomenon
A Thermodynamic Picture of Adsorption
The Effect of Surface Curvature
The Surface Tension of Solutions
Surfactants and the Reduction of Surface Tension
Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Surfactant Structure
Chapter Eight -- Emulsions
Introduction
The Liquid/Liquid Interface
General Considerations of Emulsion Stability
The Lifetimes of Typical Emulsions
Theories of Emulsion Stability
Emulsion Type and the Nature of the Surfactant
Surface Activity and Emulsion Stability
Mixed Surfactant Systems and Interfacial Complexes
Liquid Crystals and Emulsion Stability
Surfactant Structure and Emulsion Performance
The Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance (HLB)
The Effects of Additives on HLB
Phase Inversion Temperature (PIT)
Application of HLB and PIT in Emulsion Formulation
Multiple Emulsions
Nomenclature for Multiple Emulsions
Preparation and Stability of Multiple Emulsions
Primary Emulsion Breakdown
The Surfactants and Phase Components
Chapter Nine -- Foams
Introduction
The Physical Basis for Foam Formation
The Physical Role of the Surfactant in Foams
Foam Formation and Surfactant Structure
Liquid Crystals and Foam Stability
The Effects of Additives on Surfactant Foaming Properties
Foam Inhibition
Chemical Structures of Antifoaming Agents
A Summary of the Foaming and Antifoaming Activity of Additives
Chapter Ten -- Surfactants at the Solid/Liquid Interface
Introduction
The Nature of Solid Surfaces
Liquid versus Solid Surfaces
Adsorption at the Solid/Liquid Interface
Adsorption Isotherms
Mechanisms of Surfactant Adsorption
The Electrical Double Layer
The Mechanics of Surfactant Adsorption
Adsorption and the Nature of the Adsorbent Surface
Nonpolar, Hydrophobic Surfaces
Polar, Uncharged Surfaces
Surfaces Having Discrete Electrical Charges
Surfactant Structure and Adsorption from Solution
Surfaces Possessing Strong Charge Sites
Adsorption by Uncharged, Polar Surfaces
Surfactants at Nonpolar, Hydrophobic Surfaces
The Effect of Surfactant Adsorption on the Character of the Solid Surface
Wetting and Related Phenomena
Surfactant Manipulation of the Wetting Process
Some Practical Aspects of Wetting Control by Surfactants
Detergency and Soil Removal
The Cleaning Process
Soil Types
Solid Soil Removal
Liquid Soil Removal
Redeposition
Correlations of Surfactant Structure and Detergency
Nonaqueous Cleaning Solutions
Enhanced Oil Recovery
Suspension of Solids in Liquids
A Final Comment
Bibliography
References
Index

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