A Survey of Missions for Unmanned Undersea Vehicles

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RAND identifies seven military missions for unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs)—mine countermeasures, deployment of leave-behind surveillance sensors or sensor arrays, near-land and harbor monitoring, oceanography, monitoring undersea infrastructure, anti-submarine warfare tracking, and inspection/identification—that appear most promising to pursue in terms of military need, operational and technical risks, non-UUV alternatives, and cost.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780833046888
  • Publisher: Rand Publishing
  • Publication date: 8/15/2009
  • Pages: 220
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert W. Button (Ph.D., Mathematics, Carnegie-Mellon University, 1975) is a RAND senior analyst.
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Table of Contents

Preface iii

Figures ix

Tables xi

Summary xiii

Acknowledgments xxv

Abbreviations xxvii

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Objectives 1

Advocated UUV Missions 2

Military Need, Risks, Alternatives, and Costs 4

Study Approach 5

Organization of This Book 7

Chapter 2 UUV Missions 9

Background 9

Missions from the 2004 UUV Master Plan 12

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance 13

Mine Countermeasures 16

Anti-Submarine Warfare 20

Inspection/Identification 25

Oceanography 26

Communication/Navigation Network Node 28

Payload Delivery 30

Information Operations 32

Time-Critical Strike 33

Other Missions for UUVs 35

Undersea Test Platform 35

In-Stride Minefield Transits 36

Submarine Search and Rescue 37

ASW Training 38

Support for Special Operations 39

Monitoring Undersea Infrastructure 40

Commercial Missions 41

Offshore Oil and Gas Missions 41

Undersea-Cable Deployment and Inspection 43

Nuclear-Industry Inspections 43

Commercial Salvage 43

Aquaculture 44

Science Missions 44

Oceanographic Observing Systems 44

Marine Archeology 44

Chapter 3 UUV Subsystems and Technologies 45

Background 45

UUV Subsystems 46

Pressure Hulls 46

Hydrodynamic Hulls 47

Ballast Systems 48

Power and Energy Systems 48

Electrical-Power Distribution Systems 49

Propulsion Systems 50

Navigation and Positioning Systems 51

Obstacle-Avoidance Systems 52

Maneuvering Systems 53

Communications Systems 54

Masts 54

UUV Technologies 56

Sensors 57

Communications and Networking 60

Navigation 61

Energy and Propulsion 63

Autonomy 64

Structure 65

Mission Equipment 66

Host Interface 66

UUV Reliability 66

Chapter 4 Evaluation ofUUV Missions 69

The DoD's Unmanned Systems Roadmap (2007-2032) 69

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance 70

Persistent and Tactical Intelligence Collection 71

CBNRE Detection and Localization 75

Near-Land and Harbor Monitoring 76

Deployment of Leave-Behind Systems 77

Specialized Mapping and Object Detection and Localization 81

Mine Countermeasures 81

Anti-Submarine Warfare 84

Hold at Risk 85

Maritime Shield 87

Protected Passage 88

Inspection/Identification 90

Oceanography 91

Communications/Navigation Network Nodes 91

Payload Delivery 93

Information Operations 94

Network Information Operations 95

Decoy Operations 96

Time-Critical Strike 97

Undersea Test Platforms 100

Submarine Search and Rescue 101

ASW Training 101

Monitoring Undersea Infrastructure 101

Chapter 5 Summary and Recommendations 103

Unmanned Maritime System Master Plans and Roadmaps 104

Missions from the 2004 UUV Master Plan 107

Unmanned Maritime System Programs 108

Recommendations 111

Main Recommendations 111

Other Recommendations 112


A UUV Market Survey 115

B Models Used in This Analysis and Their Implications 179

Bibliography 183

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