A Survey of the New Testament

A Survey of the New Testament

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by Robert H. Gundry
     
 

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This revised, fifth edition of author Robert Gundry's A Survey of the New Testament goes beyond providing background information and technical introductory material; it is designed to lead students to read the New Testament itself. This new edition includes updates and corrections throughout and a fresh, full-color design.See more details below

Overview

This revised, fifth edition of author Robert Gundry's A Survey of the New Testament goes beyond providing background information and technical introductory material; it is designed to lead students to read the New Testament itself. This new edition includes updates and corrections throughout and a fresh, full-color design.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780310494744
Publisher:
Zondervan
Publication date:
06/19/2012
Edition description:
5th Edition
Pages:
592
Sales rank:
211,866
Product dimensions:
7.60(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.60(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

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Read an Excerpt

A Survey of the New Testament


By Robert H. Gundry

Zondervan

Copyright © 2007 Robert H. Gundry
All right reserved.

ISBN: 978-0-310-27314-1


Chapter One

I. INTRODUCTION

* "New Testament" means "new covenant."

* The NT books appear in a logical order rather than a chronological order of writing.

II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

BC Dominant Events and Personages Power

700s Assyria Exile of northern kingdom of Israel

600s Babylonia Exile of southern kingdom of Judah, destruction of Jerusalem & Solomon's temple

500s Persia Return of some Jews, rebuilding of temple & Jerusalem

400s Persia

300s Greece- Alexander the Great's Macedonia conquests, hellenization, split of empire into 4 parts

Egypt Ptolemies

200s Egypt Septuagint (Greek translation of Hebrew OT: LXX)

100s Syria Seleucids, esp. Antiochus Epiphanes' attempt to force paganism on Jews, revolt of Hasidic Jews under leadership of Maccabees (Hasmoneans)

Maccabees Jewish independence & emergence of Jewish sects (Pharisees, Essenes, Sadducees)

100-1 Rome Pompey, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Herod the Great, Jesus' birth

AD 1-100 Rome Tiberius, Pontius Pilate, Jesus' public ministry, death, & resurrection, Christian church under Peter, Paul, & others, first Jewish revolt, destruction of Jerusalem & temple (AD 70)

III. CULTURAL BACKGROUND OTHER THAN RELIGIOUS

* Many Jews lived outside as well as inside Israel.

* Roman roads facilitated travel over land; commercial transport went mainly by water.

* Cities had public baths & toilets, sewage systems, pavements, schools, etc.

* Private homes ranged from villas to apartment buildings & huts.

* Most people had skimpy, largely meatless diets.

* People wore a short robe (tunic) next to the skin, plus a long outer robe & cloth belt.

* There was no large middle class, but many slaves.

* Social mores included male dominance, importance of honor & shame, sexual immorality (even as part of pagan religions), much divorce, exposure of unwanted infants.

* Entertainment included drama, athletic competition, chariot races, gladiatorial shows.

* Instead of big industry, there were small businesses with trade guilds, other voluntary associations, & banking.

* Medical practice included surgery & dentistry.

III. RELIGIOUS BACKGROUND

* Paganism featured mythology regarding a pantheon of gods & goddesses, emperor worship, mystery religions, superstitious practices, syncretism with outgrowths of Gnosticism & the influence of philosophies (esp. Stoicism).

* Judaism featured

Synagogues, the second temple (beautified by Herod the Great)

OT in original Hebrew, Greek translation (LXX), & Aramaic paraphrases (targums)

Apocryphal books, pseudepigraphal/apocalyptic books, Dead Sea Scrolls, Talmud

Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes; Herodians & Zealots; scribes & disciples; Sanhedrin

People of the land; Diaspora Jews as Hebraists & Hellenists; Gentile proselytes & God-fearers

Narrow religious education of Jews in contrast with liberal education among Gentiles

Messianic hope

IV. CANON AND TEXT OF THE NT

* "Canon" refers to books accepted as standard for belief & conduct.

* In the precanonical period, Christians depended on the OT, oral tradition regarding Jesus, & pronouncements of Christian prophets.

* The homolegoumena were books quickly canonized, antilegomena books eventually canonized.

* Marcion's short canon prompted orthodox formalizing of the present NT canon.

(Continues...)



Excerpted from A Survey of the New Testament by Robert H. Gundry Copyright © 2007 by Robert H. Gundry. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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