Sustainability: Building Eco-Friendly Communities

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Overview

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this set present all sides of the debate. Designed to complement science curricula, the set also covers relevant history and new green technologies and innovations that will contribute to the field in the future.

Sustainability is the maintenance of a harmonious balance within a system over a period of time. In light of innovative green technologies, the concept can now include the ability to maintain an ecosystem's ecological processes, biodiversity, and productivity. Sustainability: Building Eco-Friendly Communities explores the ways in which sustainability has influenced environmental science, how communities have begun to make changes in order to live in a sustainable way, and the impact of new materials on the conservation of natural resources. Sidebars, figures, and case studies enhance fundamental concepts and examine urgent issues related to the future of the environment.

The volume includes information on

alternative materials and products

animal and plant aquaculture

biopesticides

the ecosystem of animals, humans, plants, and other life

engineered foods and crops

green biotechnology

marine biotechnology

sustainable agriculture

sustainable communities

white biotechnology

The book contains more than 50 color photographs and line illustrations, five appendixes, a glossary, a detailed list ofprint and Internet resources, and an index. Green Technology is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who seek information on the important issues that affect the environment worldwide.

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Editorial Reviews

School Library Journal
Gr 9 Up—This book's subtitle is misleading. Eco-friendly communities are discussed in the last chapter, but the bulk of the title examines existing and emerging technologies in the fields of biotechnology and agriculture. Maczulak writes with authority—if dryly—about the science of biotechnology and its prospects but gives only cursory attention to related concerns, such as unanticipated consequences from releasing genetically modified plants and animals on the natural environment. Though she strives for balance, the author's belief that science and biotechnology will solve all of the problems facing the planet is an undercurrent to the text. For example, though the text acknowledges that humans need to seriously address poverty and uncontrolled human population growth, statements such as, "if this technology is to rescue countries such as Bangladesh," underscore the bias toward technology. Although this book is part of a series, any work that attempts to address the issue of sustainability must discuss changes in human behavior more thoroughly. If a primer on biotechnology and emerging green technologies is needed this volume will serve, but for information on actual sustainable practices one must look elsewhere.—Caroline Tesauro, Radford Public Library, VA
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816072019
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/1/2009
  • Series: Green Technology Series
  • Pages: 223
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

1 Ecosystem Health 1

History of Environmentalism 2

The Health of Our Biosphere 6

Earth Day 8

How Ecosystems Work 10

Carrying Capacity 12

Indicators of Ecosystem Health 15

Technologies for Ecosystem Study 18

Deep Ecology 20

Our Commitment to the Environment 23

Green Lifestyle Choices 25

Case Study: Green Politics and Elections 26

Conclusion 28

2 Green Biotechnology 30

The New Environmental Science 31

Biological Control of Pests 35

Protecting Earth's Species 39

Microorganisms from Extreme Environments 41

Biotechnology Products 44

Nanobiotechnology 45

Bioengineering's Impact on Biodiversity 48

Case Study: Concerns about Bioengineering 50

Conclusion 52

3 Sustainable Agriculture and Biopesticides 53

The Sustainable Agriculture Movement 54

A Sustainable Farm 56

Case Study: Australia Balances Its Natural Capital 62

Biopesticides 64

Apoptosis-Suicide Genes for Bioengineered Bacteria 67

Plant-Incorporated Protectants 68

Engineered Foods and Crops 71

Future Agricultural Biotechnology 74

Case Study: Bangladesh Rice Research Institute 75

Conclusion 77

4 White Biotechnology 79

Biotechnology and Industry 80

Case Study: The Science of Measuring the Ecological Footprint 83

Sustainable Chemistry 84

Enzyme Kinetics 90

Social and Economic Benefits 90

Present and Future White Biotechnology 92

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 94

International Programs 95

Conclusion 97

5 Marine Biotechnology 98

The World's Marine Life 100

Global Marine Protected Areas 103

Methods for Monitoring Marine Life 105

Undersea Robots107

Plankton 108

Plant Aquaculture 110

Animal Aquaculture 112

Cyanobacteria 114

Coral Reef Restoration 116

Marine Remediation Science 118

Case Study: Florida's Tire Reef Experiment 119

Conclusion 123

6 Alternative Materials and Products 124

Reuse and Reclamation 126

Municipal Recycling Programs 128

Selecting Alternative Resources 131

New Woods 132

Case Study: Orchard Garden Hotel 134

Consumer Products 140

Paints and Plastics 143

New Polymers 147

Ecological Furniture 148

Microwave Chemistry 153

Compost and Its Uses 154

Conclusion 154

7 Sustainable Communities 157

The Road to Sustainability 159

Building an Eco-city 161

Preserving Green Space 165

Curitiba, Brazil 166

Tapiola, Finland 168

Ecological Accounting 168

Cultural Indicators of Sustainability 173

Environmental Indicators 174

Challenges to Sustainability 175

Case Study: Lessons from Biosphere 2 176

Permaculture 178

Conclusion 181

8 Future Needs 182

Appendixes 185

Glossary 194

Further Resources 200

Index 212

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