Sustainability: A Philosophy of Adaptive Ecosystem Management / Edition 1

Sustainability: A Philosophy of Adaptive Ecosystem Management / Edition 1

by Bryan G. Norton
     
 

ISBN-10: 0226595218

ISBN-13: 9780226595214

Pub. Date: 11/01/2005

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

While many disciplines contribute to environmental conservation, there is little successful integration of science and social values. Arguing that the central problem in conservation is a lack of effective communication, Bryan Norton shows in Sustainability how current linguistic resources discourage any shared, multidisciplinary public deliberation over

Overview

While many disciplines contribute to environmental conservation, there is little successful integration of science and social values. Arguing that the central problem in conservation is a lack of effective communication, Bryan Norton shows in Sustainability how current linguistic resources discourage any shared, multidisciplinary public deliberation over environmental goals and policy. In response, Norton develops a new, interdisciplinary approach to defining sustainability—the cornerstone of environmental policy—using philosophical and linguistic analyses to create a nonideological vocabulary that can accommodate scientific and evaluative environmental discourse.

Emphasizing cooperation and adaptation through social learning, Norton provides a practical framework that encourages an experimental approach to language clarification and problem formulation, as well as an interdisciplinary approach to creating solutions. By moving beyond the scientific arena to acknowledge the importance of public discourse, Sustainability offers an entirely novel approach to environmentalism.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226595214
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
11/01/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
608
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.90(d)

Table of Contents

Contents Preface: Beyond Ideology....................ix
A Note to the Busy Reader: Some Shorter Paths....................xvii
Chapter 1 An Innocent at EPA....................1
1.1 The Old EPA Building....................1
1.2 Towers of Babel: The Structural Problems at EPA....................17
1.3 The Costs of Not Being Able to Get There from Here (Conceptually)....................23
1.4 Hijinks and Political Hijackings....................29
PART I: SETTING THE STAGE FOR ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT Chapter 2 Language as Our Environment....................47
2.1 Introduction: The Importance of Language....................47
2.2 Of Hedgehogs and Foxes....................51
2.3 Progressivism, Pragmatism, and the Method of Experience....................56
2.4 Environmental Pragmatism and Action-Based Logic....................76
Chapter 3 Epistemology and Adaptive Management....................88
3.1 Aldo Leopold and Adaptive Management....................88
3.2 What Is Adaptive Management?....................92
3.3 Uncertainty, Objectivity, and Sustainability....................101
3.4 A Pragmatist Epistemology for Adaptive Management....................105
3.5 Uncertainty, Pragmatism, and Mission-Oriented Science....................114
3.6 How Adaptive Management Is Adaptive....................121
Chapter 4 Interlude: Removing Barriers to Integrative Solutions....................130
4.1 Avoiding Ideology by Rethinking Environmental Problems....................130
4.2 Overcoming the Serial Approach to Environmental Science and Policy....................138
PART II: VALUE PLURALISM AND COOPERATIONChapter 5 Where We Are and Where We Want to Be....................149
5.1 The Practical Problem about Theory....................149
5.2 Four Problems of Environmental Values 154 5.3 Where We Are: A Beginning-of-the-Century Look at Environmental Ethics....................162
5.4 Economism as an Ontological Theory....................166
5.5 Breaking the Spell of Economism and IV Theory....................180
5.6 Pluralism and Adaptive Management: What the Study of Environmental Values Could Be....................190
Chapter 6 Re-modeling Nature as Valued....................193
6.1 Radical, but How New?....................193
6.2 A Naturalistic Method and a Procedure....................199
6.3 Re-modeling Nature: Learning to Think like a Mountain....................210
6.4 Hierarchy Theory and Multiscalar Management....................220
Chapter 7 Environmental Values as Community Commitments....................232
7.1 Public Goods and Communal Goods....................232
7.2 The Advantages of Democratic Experimentalism....................242
7.3 Environmental Problems as Problems of Cooperative Behavior....................252
7.4 Discourse Ethics....................277
7.5 Experimental Pluralism: Naturalism and Environmental Values....................290
Chapter 8 Sustainability and Our Obligations to Future Generations....................304
8.1 Intertemporal Ethics....................304
8.2 Strong versus Weak Sustainability....................310
8.3 Philosophers and the Grand Simplification....................317
8.4 Grandly Oversimplified?....................318
8.5 Passmore and Shared Moral Communities....................329
8.6 What We Owe the Future....................332
8.7 The Logic of Intergenerational Obligation....................340
Chapter 9 Environmental Values and Community Goals....................356
9.1 A Schematic Definition of Sustainability....................356
9.2 A Catalog of Sustainability Values....................365
9.3 Beyond the Fact-Value Divide....................379
9.4 Choosing Indicators as Community Self-Definition....................388
PART III: INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION Chapter 10 Improving the Decision Process....................403
10.1 Decision Analysis and Community-Based Decision Making....................403
10.2 What Does Not Work: The Red Book....................409
10.3 Heading in the Right Direction: The Changing Field of Decision Science....................410
10.4 Getting It Mostly Right: Understanding Risk....................417
10.5 The Two Phases Revisited: Putting Multicriteria Analysis to Work....................427
Chapter 11 Disciplinary Stew....................440
11.1 Beyond Towering....................440
11.2 Philosophical Analysis and Policy Choice....................446
11.3 Scale and Value: The Key to It All....................454
11.4 Disciplinary Stew: The Prospects for an Integrated Environmental Science....................461
11.5 Environmental Evaluation: A Fresh Start in the World of What-If....................472
Chapter 12 Integrated Environmental Analysis and Action....................479
12.1 Conservation: Moral Crusade or Environmental Public Philosophy?....................479
12.2 An Alternative: The Dutch System....................484
12.3 EPA and Environmental Policy Today: A Report Card....................494
12.4 Constitutive Values and Constitutional Environmentalism....................499
12.5 Problem-Solving Environmentalism....................503
12.6 Seeking Convergence....................507
12.7 Ecology and Opportunity....................510
Appendix Justifying the Method....................519
A.1 Philosophy's Abdication....................519
A.2 The Rise of Linguistic Philosophy: Its Inevitability and Meaning....................526
A.3 The Rise and Transformation of Logical Empiricism, aka Positivism....................534
A.4 Pragmatism: The New Way Forward....................554
A.5 Pragmatism and Environmental Policy....................569
A.6 Philosophy's Role: An Epilogue....................575
Notes....................579
Index....................601

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