Sustainability Science: A Multidisciplinary Approach

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Sustainability science is a new academic discipline emerging in response to threatened sustainability of the global environment. The purpose of this discipline is to help build a sustainable society by developing solutions to climate change, resource exhaustion, ecological destruction, and other environmental crises that threaten humanity.

Sustainability science demands a realignment of existing academic disciplines. Whereas academia has moved inexorably toward fields of in-depth specialization, sustainability science seeks comprehensive, integrated solutions to complex problems. It therefore requires a restructuring of education and research that spans multiple disciplines.

This volume offers diverse approaches to the development of a transdisciplinary perspective that embraces the natural, social, and human sciences in the quest for a sustainable society. It strives for a global perspective while incorporating the wisdom and experience of societies on the local level.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789280811803
  • Publisher: United Nations University Press
  • Publication date: 4/29/2011
  • Series: United Nations University Press Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 375
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Hiroshi Komiyama is chairman of Mitsubishi Research Institute, Japan. Kazuhiko Takeuchi is deputy executive director of the Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science, University of Tokyo. Hideaki Shiroyama is a professor in the Graduate School for Law and Politics, University of Tokyo. Takashi Mino is a professor in the Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo.

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Table of Contents

Figures ix

Tables xi

Plate xiii

Box xiv

Contributors xv

Preface xx

1 Introduction 1

1-1 Sustainability science: Building a new academic discipline Hiroshi Komiyama Kazuhiko Takeuchi 2

2 The connections between existing sciences and sustainability science 21

2-1 The structuring of knowledge Yuya Kajikawa 22

2-2 The structuring of action Yuya Kajikawa Hiroshi Kamiyama 35

2-3 The structuring of knowledge based on ontology engineering Riichiro Mizoguchi Kouji Kozak Osamu Saito Terukazu Kumazawa Takanori Matsui 47

2-4 The application of ontology engineering to biofuel problems Osamu Saito Kouji Kozaki Takeru Hirota Riichiro Mizoguchi 69

2-5 Conclusion Kazuhiko Takeuchi 87

3 Concepts of "sustainability" and "sustainability science" 91

3-1 The evolution of the concept of sustainability science Motoharu Onuki Takashi Mino 92

3-2 Exploring sustainability science: Knowledge, institutions and innovation Masaru Yarime 98

3-3 Multifaceted aspects of sustainability science Kensuke Fukushi Kazuhiko Takeuchi 112

3-4 Conclusion Kensuke Fukushi Kazuhiko Takeuchi 117

4 Tools and methods for sustainability science 119

4-0 Introduction Hideaki Shiroyama 120

4-1 Problem-structuring methods based on a cognitive mapping approach Hironori Kato 22

4-2 Technology governance Hideaki Shiroyama 145

4-3 Policy instruments Mitsutsugu Hamamoto 158

4-4 Consensus-building processes Masahiro Matsuura 171

4-5 Public deliberation for sustainability governance: GMO debates in Hokkaido Nobuo Kurata 190

4-6 Science and technology communication Hideyuki Hirakawa 204

4-7 Global governance Hirotaka Matsuda Makiko Matsuo Hideaki Shiroyama 220

4-8 Conclusion Hideaki Shiroyama 246

5 The redefinition of existing sciences in light of sustainability science 249

5-1 Global change and the role of the natural science Akimasa Sumi 250

5-2 Science and technology for society Hiroyuki Yoshikawa 256

5-3 Science for sustainable agriculture Mitsuru Osaki 272

5-4 Defining the sustainable use of fishery resources Gakushi Ishimura Megan Bailey 294

5-5 The market economy and the environment Takamitsu Sawa 305

5-6 Social science and knowledge for sustainability Jin Sato 327

5-7 The human dimension in sustainability science Makio Takemura 336

5-8 The integration of existing academic disciplines for sustainability science Kazuhiko Takeuchi 353

6 Education 357

6-1 Overview of sustainability education Mitsuhiro Nakagawa Michinori Uwasu Noriyuki Tanaka 358

6-2 Core competencies Makoto Tamura Takahide Uegaki 366

6-3 Pedagogies of sustainability education Hisashi Otsuji Harumoto Gunji 374

6-4 Key concepts for sustainability education Motoharu Onuki Takashi Mino 385

6-5 Economics, development and governance in sustainability education Akihisa Mori 390

6-6 Practices and barriers in sustainability education: A case study of Osaka University Michinori Uwasu Michinori Kimura Keishiro Hara Helmut Yabar Yoshiyuki Shimoda 399

6-7 Field study in sustainable education: A case from Furano City, Hokkaido, Japan Nobuyuki Tsuji Yasuhiko Kudo Noriyuki Tanaka 409

6-8 Sustainability education by IR3S universities Takashi Mino Yoshiyuki Shimoda 416

6-9 Conclusion Takashi Mino 432

7 Conclusion 435

7-1 Building a global meta-network for sustainability science Kazuhiko Takeuchi 436

Index 443

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