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Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics

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Overview

Rain forests are rapidly being cleared in the humid tropics to keep pace with food demands, economic needs, and population growth. Without proper management, these forests and other natural resources will be seriously depleted within the next 50 years.
Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics provides critically needed direction for developing strategies that both mitigate land degradation, deforestation, and biological resource losses and help the economic status of tropical countries through promotion of sustainable agricultural practices. The book includes
  • A practical discussion of 12 major land use options for boosting food production and enhancing local economies while protecting the natural resource base.
  • Recommendations for developing technologies needed for sustainable agriculture.
  • A strategy for changing policies that discourage conserving and managing natural resources and biodiversity.
  • Detailed reports on agriculture and deforestation in seven tropical countries.

Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics provides critically needed direction for developing strategies that both mitigate land degradation, deforestation, and biological resource losses and help the economic status of tropical countries through promotion of sustainable agricultural practices. Index.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
This NRC report provides direction for developing strategies that both mitigate land degradation, deforestation, and biological resource losses and help the economic status of tropical countries. It includes a practical discussion of 12 major land use options for boosting food production and enhancing local economies while protecting the natural resource base, recommendations for developing technologies needed for sustainable agriculture, and a strategy for changing policies that erode natural resources and biodiversity. Printed on acidic paper. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309047494
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/1993
  • Pages: 720
  • Product dimensions: 6.42 (w) x 9.36 (h) x 1.99 (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary 1
Findings 2
Landscape Management: A Global Requirement 4
The Humid Tropics 5
Sustainable Land Use Options 8
1 Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics 21
The Humid Tropics 22
Forest Characteristics and Benefits 29
Conversion of Humid Tropic Forests 33
Sustainable Agriculture in the Humid Tropics 51
The Need for an Integrated Approach 62
Moving Toward Sustainability 64
2 Sustainable Land Use Options 66
Intensive Cropping Systems 70
Shifting Cultivation 77
Agropastoral Systems 82
Cattle Ranching 85
Agroforestry Systems 92
Mixed Tree Systems 100
Perennial Tree Crop Plantations 110
Plantation Forestry 115
Regenerating and Secondary Forests 118
Natural Forest Management 125
Modified Forests 132
Forest Reserves 133
3 Technological Imperatives for Change 138
Knowledge About Land Use Options 139
Land Use Design and Management Considerations 145
Ecologic Guidelines for Systems Management 154
Technical Needs Common to All Land Use Options 155
Commodity-Specific Research Needs 158
4 Policy-Related Imperatives for Change 159
Managing Forests and Land Resources 161
Supporting Sustainable Agriculture 173
Other Policy Areas Affecting Land Use 188
References 192
Appendix: Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Tropical Deforestation and Subsequent Uses of the Land 215
Brazil 263
Cote D'Ivoire 352
Indonesia 393
Malaysia 440
Mexico 483
The Philippines 549
Zaire 625
Glossary 659
Authors 675
Index 679
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