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The complete guide to the sustainable management of landscapes
A must-have guide for anyone working with landscapes, Sustainable Landscape Management eases the transition of the landscape industry into a new era of green consciousness. Filled with examples that illustrate best practices, the book provides a practical framework for the development of sustainable management strategies from design to execution and, eventually, to maintenance in an effort to construct landscapes ...
The complete guide to the sustainable management of landscapes
A must-have guide for anyone working with landscapes, Sustainable Landscape Management eases the transition of the landscape industry into a new era of green consciousness. Filled with examples that illustrate best practices, the book provides a practical framework for the development of sustainable management strategies from design to execution and, eventually, to maintenance in an effort to construct landscapes that function more efficiently and minimize the impact on the environment. Sustainable Landscape Management includes:
An overview of sustainable design and construction techniques as the basis for the maintenance and management of constructed landscapes
Coverage of ecosystem development, managing landscape beds, managing trees and shrubs, and lawn care
An entire chapter devoted to issues associated with the use of chemicals in landscape management
Guidance on retrofitting existing landscapes for sustainability
Reshaping the landscape takes on more significance as society embraces a new value system for advancing environmentally friendly ideals. By following the management principles laid out in this book, readers will learn the key elements for building landscapes that integrate beauty and function to create a sustainable presence that extends well into the future.
About the Authors.
Chapter 1: Introduction to Sustainability.
Emergence of the Sustainable Movement.
Olmsted and Vaux.
Preservation vs. Conservation.
Emergence of the Land Ethic.
Post World War II.
Our Common Future.
Sustainable Sites Initiative.
The Environmentalist Perspective.
The Skeptic Perspective.
Chapter 2: Sustainable Landscape Design.
The Process of Sustainable Landscape Design.
Documenting Physical and Environmental Features of the Site.
Starting the Landscape Design Process.
Plant Selections to Increase Sustainability.
Creating Aesthetically Pleasing Landscapes.
Creating Functional Landscapes.
Designing Lawn Areas.
Designing Planting Beds.
Designing for Access and Circulation.
Creating Landscapes that Meet Basic Human Physical and Cognitive Needs.
Provide for Optimum Site Accessibility, Safety, and Wayfinding.
Provide Opportunities for Outdoor Physical Activity.
Provide Views of Vegetation and Quiet Outdoor Spaces for Mental Restoration.
Provide Outdoor Spaces for Social Interaction.
Reduce Light Pollution.
Designing to Minimize Maintenance.
Designing to Minimize Maintenance Labor.
Designing to Minimize Maintenance Products.
Designing to Enhance a Landscape’s Short- and Long-term Cost-Effectiveness.
Short-Term Cost Effectiveness.
Long-Term Cost Effectiveness.
Integrating Specialized Design Approaches to Maximize Short- and Long-term Sustainability.
Minimize or Eliminate Potable Water Consumption for Irrigation.
Preserve and Restore Native Wildlife Habitat.
Promote a Sense of Place with Native Vegetation and Appropriate Site Adapted Species.
Manage Water On-site.
Cleanse Water On-site.
Chapter 3: Sustainable Landscape Construction: Process, Irrigation Systems and Hardscape Materials.
The Conventional Landscape Construction Process.
A Sustainable Landscape Construction Process Alternative.
Control and Retain Construction Pollutants.
Divert Construction and Demolition Materials from Disposal.
Reuse or Recycle Vegetation, Rocks and Soil Generated during Construction.
Preserving and Incorporating Existing Vegetation.
Sustainable Irrigation Design and Installation Strategies.
Sustainable Hardscape Materials.
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.
Environmental Impact after Installation.
Sustainable Hardscape Products for Entrance Areas, Driveways, Walkways and Outdoor Seating Areas.
Other Sustainable Hardscape Products.
Chapter 4: Retro-fitting Existing Landscapes for Sustainability.
Site Analysis for Retrofitting.
Does the Landscape Design Still Work Aesthetically?.
Are there Landscape Maintenance Issues?.
Are there Problems with Infrastructure Elements (Sidewalks, Driveways, Parking Areas, Lighting, Etc.).
Are Lighting Elements Functioning at their Optimum Level?.
Identifying Opportunities to Improve Landscape Sustainability.
Eliminating Problem Areas.
Improving Access and Circulation.
Improving Maintenance Efficiencies.
Improving Irrigation Effectiveness.
Managing Water on Site.
Chapter 5: Ecosystem Development and Management in the Context of Sustainable Landscapes.
Sustainable Landscapes and Ecosystem Services.
Historical Review of Ecological Design.
How Landscapes Function as Ecosystems.
Considerations in Designing a New Landscape Ecosystem.
Designer’s Intent in Creating a Landscape Ecosystem.
Plant Materials for Creating a Landscape Ecosystem.
Establishment Strategies for a New Landscape Ecosystem.
Management Strategies for a Landscape Ecosystem: Post Planting Succession, Plant Attrition due to Changing Microclimates, and Encroachment of Non-Planted Species.
Plant Attrition due to Changing Microclimates.
Encroachment of Non-planted Species.
Chapter 6 Environmental Issues.
Nutrient Leaching and Runoff.
Pesticide Leaching and Runoff.
Health Concerns Associated With Pesticides.
Fish and Wildlife Issues Associated With Pesticides.
Air Pollution Due to Power Equipment Emissions.
Depletion of Water Resources.
Sustainability and Environmental Rhetoric.
Perspectives on Environmental Issues Regarding Pesticide Use.
Chapter 7: Sustainable Soils for Landscapes.
Sustainable Options in Developing Soils for Landscapes.
Amending On-site Soils.
Importing, Manufacturing or Augmenting Landscape Soils.
Managing Soils Sustainably.
Moisture, Compaction and Aeration.
Chapter 8: Managing Trees, Shrubs and Beds Sustainably.
Field Grown Bare Root Stock.
Balled and Burlapped and Spade Dug Stock.
Container Grown Stock.
The Planting Hole.
Post Planting Care.
Fertilizing transplants during establishment.
Maintaining Long-Term Plant Health.
Alleviating Nutrient Deficiencies.
Assessing Fertilizer Needs.
Irrigating New Plantings.
Irrigating Mature Plantings.
Reducing Irrigation in Landscape Beds.
Improving Irrigation System Performance.
Pruning Shrubs and Groundcovers in Commercial Landscapes.
Pruning Trees in Commercial Landscapes.
Pruning Strategies for Young Trees.
Pruning Strategies for Shrubs and Groundcovers.
Problems Associated with Questionable Pruning Decisions.
The Impact of Construction and Design Decisions on Pruning.
General Pruning Strategies.
Managing the Waste Stream.
Managing Leaf Drop.
Chapter 9: Lawns in Sustainable Landscapes.
Matching Grass Types to Climate in Theory and Practice.
Impact of Grass Breeding Programs.
Species for Sustainable Lawns.
Cool Season Grasses for Sustainable Lawns.
Warm Season Grasses for Sustainable Lawns.
Other Commonly Planted Grasses.
Grass and Dicot Species Combinations for Sustainable Lawns.
Suitable Grass Plus Dicot Mixes.
Sustainable Maintenance Strategies.
Chapter 10 Sustainable Pest Management.
The Components of IPM.
Analysis of Existing Landscapes.
Developing Action Thresholds.
Selecting Resistant Plants.
Insect Control strategies.
Biological Insect Control Options.
Control Options with Synthetic Insecticides.
Disease Control Strategies.
Weed Control Strategies.
Weed Encroachment in Landscape Beds.
Weed Control in Lawns.