Sustaining Linguistic Diversity / Edition 2

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Overview

This book explores how endangered and minority languages from Appalachia and Brazil to Ireland and Eritrea are classified, documented, described, and developed. In the last three decades the field of endangered and minority languages has evolved rapidly, moving from the initial dire warnings of linguists through the explosion of media attention on 'last speakers' to the development and refinement of theoretical frameworks for assessing linguistic health and endangerment. There has also been a swift increase in organizations, funding programs, and community-based efforts, with members of endangered language communities rightly playing an increasingly vocal role.
Yet while general interest, scientific investigation, and practical work have exploded, efforts have also become more diffuse and more embedded in academic sub-areas and in local situations. Making connections and comparisons has become more difficult, and there is growing recognition that some of the current terminology, frameworks, and research approaches are inadequate.
This volume brings together the work of leading researchers and practitioners around the globe to tackle these increasingly complicated issues. The first section of the book addresses the very definition of 'endangered' or 'minority,' who makes such classifications, and what is at stake in linguistic, political, and ideological terms. The second part presents best practices in documenting and describing these languages, including the pressing practical question of how to maintain both the trust and confidentiality of the speakers while making data widely accessible. The third section analyzes current practices in developing endangered languages and dialects, especially language revitalization efforts and outcomes-and the human costs and personal sacrifices which may be involved.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Kendall A. King is an associate professor in the Department of Linguistics at Georgetown University. She is author of Language Revitalization Processes and Prospects and coeditor of the Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Volume 10.

Natalie Schilling-Estes is an associate professor in the Department of Linguistics at Georgetown University. She is coauthor of American English: Dialects and Variation and coeditor of the Handbook of Language Variation and Change.

Lyn Fogle, Jia Jackie Lou, and Barbara Soukup are doctoral students in the Department of Linguistics at Georgetown University.

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Table of Contents

Introduction Kendall A. King, Natalie Schilling-Estes, Lyn Fogle, Jia Jackie Lou, and Barbara Soukup

PART I: DEFINING

1. Linguistic Diversity, Sustainability, and the Future of the Past Suzanne Romaine

2. When is an "Extinct Language" Not Extinct? Miami, a Formerly Sleeping Language Wesley Y. Leonard

3. Evaluating Endangerment: Proposed Metadata and Implementation M. Paul Lewis

PART II: DOCUMENTING4. Endangered Language Varieties: Vernacular Speech and Linguistic Standardization in Brazilian Portuguese Gregory R. Guy and Ana M.S. Zilles 5. The Linguistic Negotiation of Complex Racialized Identities by Black Appalachian Speakers Christine Mallinson

6. Working at "9 to 5" Gaelic: Speakers, Context, and Ideologies of an Emerging Minority Language Register Emily McEwan-Fujita 7. Voice and Biliteracy in Indigenous Language Revitalization: Contentious Educational Practices in Quechua, Guarani, and Maori Contexts Nancy H. Hornberger

PART III: DEVELOPING

8. Endangering Language Vitality through Institutional Development: Ideology, Authority, and Official Standard Irish in the Gaeltacht Tadhg Ó hIfearnáin

9. Scandinavian Minority Language Policies in Transition: The Impact of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in Norway and Sweden Leena Huss

10. Language Development in Eritrea: The Case of Blin Paul D. Fallon

11. Indigenous Language Policies in Social Practice: The Case of Navajo Teresa L. McCarty, Mary Eunice Romero-Little, and Ofelia Zepeda

12. Heritage Language Education in the United States: A Need to Reconceptualize and Restructure Joy Kreeft Peyton, Maria Carreira, Shuhan Wang, and Terrence G. Wiley

13. Language Diversity and the Public Interest Walt Wolfram

AFTERWORD

14. At What Cost? Methods of Language Revival and Protection: Examples from Hebrew Elana Shohamy

15. Unendangered Dialects, Endangered People William Labov

Index

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