Sustaining Soil Productivity in Response to Global Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Ethics

Overview

Sustaning Soil Productivity in Response to Global Climate Change is a two-part text bringing together the latest research in soil science and climatology and the ethical, political and social issues surrounding the stewardship of this vital resource. Chapters include scientific studies on microbial function, maintaining fertility, and the effects of greenhouse gas emissions, as well as ethical issues ranging from allocation of land use to policies needed for conservation. Based on topics presented by speakers at ...

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Sustaining Soil Productivity in Response to Global Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Ethics

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Overview

Sustaning Soil Productivity in Response to Global Climate Change is a two-part text bringing together the latest research in soil science and climatology and the ethical, political and social issues surrounding the stewardship of this vital resource. Chapters include scientific studies on microbial function, maintaining fertility, and the effects of greenhouse gas emissions, as well as ethical issues ranging from allocation of land use to policies needed for conservation. Based on topics presented by speakers at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's conference, this text is internationally contributed to by experts in the field.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“This book provides a useful primer in ethics and thephilosophy of science in the context of soils. I enjoyed reading itand it is refreshing to see the attention given to the interactionbetween science and policy.”  (European Journal ofSoil Science, 1 August 2012

“There is also a useful body of information that providesa basic summary of the state of knowledge and thought about climatechange in 2009. For both aspects, it is worth adding to one’slibrary.”  (Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 11July 2013)

"This is one of those rare books - a conference publication thatis full of pleasant surprises ... In summary, this is athought-provoking publication, which reinforces the notion thatsoils confer real biophysical limits to the expansion of the marketeconomy." (Expl Agric, 2012)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470958575
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/9/2011
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 264
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Thomas J. Sauer is a Research Soil Scientist for the USDA Agricultural Research Service in Ames, Iowa.

John M. Norman is Emeritus Professor of Soil Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Mannava V. K. Sivakumar is Director of the Climate Prediction and Adaptation Branch of the World Meteorological Organization in Geneva, Switzerland.

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Table of Contents

Contributors.

Foreword (Sally Collins).

Introduction.

Chapter 1 Science, Ethics, and the Historical Roots of OurEcological Crisis: Was White Right? (Thomas J. Sauer andMichael P. Nelson).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Historical Perspective on Soil Degradation.

1.3 The New Challenge of Global Climate Change.

1.4 White.

1.5 Other Views on the Ethics of Land Use: Leopold et al.

1.6 Ethical Considerations of Strategies for Climate ChangeMitigation: An Example.

1.7 Conclusions.

Chapter 2 Intellectual Inertia: An Uneasy Tension betweenCollective Validation of the Known and Encouraging Exploration ofthe Unknown (John M. Norman).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Defining Intellectual Inertia.

2.3 Examples of Intellectual Inertia.

2.4 Intellectual Inertia is Unavoidable But RequiresVigilance.

2.5 Intellectual Inertia and Climate Change Science.

2.6 Optimizing Intellectual Inertia.

Chapter 3 The Ethics of Soil: Stewardship, Motivation, andMoral Framing (Paul B. Thompson).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Private Property and Personal Ethics.

3.3 Common Pool Resources.

3.4 Public Policy.

3.5 Instrumental Values of Soil.

3.6 Beyond Instrumental Value.

3.7 Conclusion and Next Steps.

Chapter 4 Aldo Leopold and the Land Ethic: An Argument forSustaining Soils (Susan L. Flader).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 The Shaping of a Progressive.

4.3 Erosion as a Menace.

4.4 Standards of Conservation.

4.5 Conservation as a Moral Issue.

4.6 Wildlife and Soils.

4.7 The Conservation Ethic.

4.8 An Adventure in Cooperative Conservation.

4.9 Land Pathology.

4.10 Land Health.

4.11 The Land Ethic.

4.12 Epilogue.

Chapter 5 Rural Response to Climate Change in Poor Countries:Ethics, Policies, and Scientific Support Systems in TheirAgricultural Environment (C. J. (Kees) Stigter).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Ethics.

5.3 Policies.

5.4 Scientific Support Systems.

5.5 Conclusions.

Chapter 6 Soil and Human Health (EilivSteinnes).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Essential Trace Elements.

6.3 Concerns for the Future.

Chapter 7 Agroecological Approaches to Help "Climate Proof "Agriculture While Raising Productivity in the Twenty-FirstCentury (Norman Uphoff).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Agroecological Approaches.

7.3 The System of Rice Intensification.

7.4 Effects of SRI Practices on Agriculture Affected by ClimateChange.

7.5 Applications to Crops Other than Rice.

7.6 Climate-Proofing Agriculture.

Chapter 8 Ecological Integrity and Biological Integrity: TheRight to Food (Laura Westra).

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Ecological Integrity and Food Production Today.

8.3 The Legal Status of Genetically Modified Organisms.

8.4 Western Diets and Lifestyle Preferences: Vegan versusCarnivore.

8.5 Conclusion.

Chapter 9 Soil Ecosystem Services: Sustaining Returns onInvestment into Natural Capital (Brent E. Clothier, AlistairJ. Hall, Markus Deurer, Steven R. Green, and Alec D.Mackay).

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 F. H. King—"Farmers of Forty Centuries".

9.3 Soil: Valuable Natural Capital.

9.4 Valuing Ecosystem Services.

9.5 Valuing Carbon and Soil Ecosystem Services.

9.6 Valuing Terroir.

9.7 Land-Use Policy, Nutrient Management, and NaturalCapital.

9.8 Conclusion.

Chapter 10 Climate and Land Degradation (MannavaV. K. Sivakumar).

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Influence of Land Surface Changes on Climate.

10.3 Climate Change and Land Degradation.

10.4 Climate Variability and Impacts on Land Degradation.

10.5 Technologies, Policies, and Measures to Address theLinkages between Climate and Land Degradation.

10.6 Future Perspectives.

Chapter 11 The Role of Soils and Biogeochemistry in theClimate and Earth System (Elisabeth A. Holland).

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Lessons Learned from the Intergovernmental Panel on ClimateChange.

11.3 The Carbon Cycle.

11.4 The Nitrogen Cycle.

11.5 Future of Earth System Models.

Chapter 12 Net Agricultural Greenhouse Gases: MitigationStrategies and Implications (Claudia Wagner-Riddle andAlfons Weersink).

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Mitigation Practices for Reduction of Net GHGEmissions.

12.3 Net GHG Reduction.

12.4 Case Study 1: GHG Emission Mitigation through Composting ofLiquid Swine Manure.

12.5 Case Study 2: Direct and Indirect N2O Emission Reductionthrough Soil Tillage and Nitrogen Fertilizer ManagementPractices.

12.6 Designing Policies for Reduced Nitrogen Fertilizer Use.

12.7 Conclusion.

Chapter 13 Overview on Response of Global Soil Carbon Poolsto Climate and Land-Use Changes (Thomas Eglin, PhilippeCiais, Shi Long Piao, Pierre Barré, Valentin Belassen,Patricia Cadule, Claire Chenu, Thomas Gasser, Markus Reichstein,and Pete Smith).

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Global Distribution of SOC.

13.3 Global Vulnerability of SOC to Climate and Land-UseChange.

13.4 Historical Land Cover, Agricultural Management, and ClimateChange Effects on SOC.

13.5 Future Changes in Climate and Land Use and the SOCBalance.

13.6 Discussion: Uncertainties and Future Directions.

13.7 Conclusions.

13.8 Methods.

Chapter 14 Potential Impacts of Climate Change on MicrobialFunction in Soil: The Effect of Elevated CO2 Concentration(Paolo Nannipieri).

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Effect of CO2 Concentration on Plant C Inputs includingRhizodeposition to Soil.

14.3 Effects of Elevated CO2 Concentration on Activity, Size,and Composition of Soil Microbiota.

14.4 Effects of Elevated CO2 Concentration on MycorrhizalInfections of Plants.

14.5 Effect of Elevated CO2 Concentration on Biotic Interactionsand on the Rhizosphere Microfauna.

14.6 Effects of Increased CO2 Concentration, Global Warming, andChanges in Soil Moisture on Microbial Functions Related to CSequestration in Soil.

14.7 Conclusions.

Chapter 15 Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Soil Carbon:Uncertainties and Lessons from Afforestation Case Studies(Philip J. Polglase and Keryn I. Paul).

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Afforestation Overview.

15.3 Implications for Predicting Climate Change Impacts.

15.4 Modeling the Impacts of Climate Change on Soil Carbon.

15.5 Conclusion.

Chapter 16 The Effect of Forest Management on Soil OrganicCarbon (Giustino Tonon, Silvia Dezi, Maurizio Ventura, andFrancesca Scandellari).

16.1 Forest Ecosystems and Global Carbon Cycle.

16.2 Effect of Forest Management on Soil Organic CarbonSequestration.

16.3 Forest Management Strategies and Forest StructuresImproving Carbon Storage.

16.4 Conclusions.

Index.

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