Switch Reference in Koasati Discourse

Overview

Koasati, a Muskogean language, is spoken by about 200 people in Elton, Louisiana, and by a smaller number near Livingston, Texas. This volume contains a brief sociolinguistic note, a phonological description, and a grammar outline. Then in the remaining two chapters, the salient features of switch reference in the language are described, and it is shown that this feature is not just a syntactic phenomenon but also a pervasive system that interacts with high-level discourse. ...
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Overview

Koasati, a Muskogean language, is spoken by about 200 people in Elton, Louisiana, and by a smaller number near Livingston, Texas. This volume contains a brief sociolinguistic note, a phonological description, and a grammar outline. Then in the remaining two chapters, the salient features of switch reference in the language are described, and it is shown that this feature is not just a syntactic phenomenon but also a pervasive system that interacts with high-level discourse.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780883128138
  • Publisher: SIL International, Global Publishing
  • Publication date: 7/1/1992
  • Series: Publications in Linguistics Series
  • Pages: 100
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.21 (d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
Preface
Acknowledgments
1 Overview of the Problem and the Solution 1
1.1 The phenomenon of switch reference 3
1.2 Problems in the switch reference account 5
1.2.1 Exceptional marking on verbs 5
1.2.2 Distribution of the markers 5
1.2.3 The larger set of markers containing -k and -n 9
1.2.4 Conclusion 10
1.3 Frequency of occurrence of some SR markers 11
1.4 A functional approach 13
1.5 Outline of this book 14
2 Sociolinguistics and Orthography 15
2.1 A sketch of Koasati social and linguistic conditions 15
2.2 Orthographic matters 17
2.2.1 Sketch of Koasati phonemes 17
2.2.2 Morphophonemics 18
2.2.3 The syllable -ka 19
3 Some Relevant Features of Koasati Grammar 21
3.1 The nature of the rules governing SR 22
3.2 Some fundamental features of Koasati 23
3.2.1 Parts of speech in Koasati 23
3.2.2 Subject in Koasati 26
3.2.3 Verbal morphology 27
3.2.4 Active and stative verbs 28
3.2.5 Koasati verbal chains 32
4 Koasati Continuity Marking 41
4.1 -k and -n on nouns: Markers of information type 41
4.1.1 New information marked by -n in object slot 42
4.1.2 New information marked by -n in subject slot 44
4.1.3 Old information marked by -k in object slot 48
4.1.4 Relationship of case and information flow 49
4.2 -k and -n on verbs: Markers of [actual symbols not reproducible] 50
4.2.1 Linking -k and -n to ommi 50
4.2.2 Anomalous -k and -n between verbs 53
4.3 -k and -n on nouns and verbs in terms of [actual symbols not reproducible] 56
4.4 Conclusion 58
5 Spectrum, -Fooka, and Switch Reference 59
5.1 The concept of spectrum and -fooka 59
5.1.1 The concept of spectrum 59
5.1.2 Morphology and semantics of -fooka 62
5.2 The discourse function of -fooka: Spectrum 65
5.2.1 A Koasati text 65
5.2.2 A translation indicating spectrum 68
5.2.3 Discussion of text 69
5.3 [actual symbols not reproducible] marking and -fooka 70
5.4 Some reflections 76
5.5 Counter-examples 77
5.6 Conclusion 78
References 79
Index 85
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