Synchronization and Triggering: from Fracture to Earthquake Processes: Laboratory, Field Analysis and Theories / Edition 1

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This monograph contains experimental and theoretical considerations on synchronization and triggering in laboratory fracture experiments and in earthquake processes. Non-linear dynamics and the physics of rotational motions reveal such ordering in geophysical processes and observed time series. Presented experiments with electromagnetic and mechanical forcing show synchronization of the slip instabilities observed as acoustic burst emissions. New observational results, based on a net of broadband seismic stations, indicate the hidden periodicities and multiple coherence effects in the low frequency microseismic oscillations observed tens of hours before the earthquakes. These results are supported by observational evidence on synchronization between shear oscillations and rotation motions in microseismic fields before earthquakes occur.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642122996
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 10/11/2010
  • Series: GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences Series
  • Edition description: 2010
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 364
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

Part I Theoretical Studies

1 Nonlinear Dynamics as a Tool for Revealing Synchronization and Ordering in Geophysical Time Series: Application to Caucasus Seismicity T. Matcharashvili T. Chelidze 3

2 Models of Stick-Slip Motion: Impact of Periodic Forcing T. Chelidze N. Varamashvili 23

3 Shear Oscillations, Rotations and Interactions in Asymmetric Continuum R. Teisseyre 35

4 Processes in Micro-Fracture Continuum R. Teisseyre Z. Czechowski 51

5 On a Simple Stochastic Cellular Automaton with Avalanches: Simulation and Analytical Results M. Bialecki Z. Czechowski 63

6 Ito Equations as Macroscopic Stochastic Models of Geophysical Phenomena - Construction of the Models on the Basis of Time Series Z. Czechowski M. Bialecki 77

7 The Importance of Privilege for the Appearance of Long-Tail Distributions Z. Czechowski 97

Part II Laboratory Experiments

8 Triggering and Synchronization of Stick-Slip: Experiments on Spring-Slider System T. Chelidze T. Matcharashvili O. Lursmanashvili N. Varamashvili N. Zhukova E. Meparidze 123

9 Oscillating Load-Induced Acoustic Emission in Laboratory Experiment A. Ponomarev D. Lockner S. Stroganova S. Stanchits V. Smirnov 165

10 Acoustic Emission Dynamics Initiated by Fluid Infusion on Laboratory Scale A. Ponomarev G. Sobolev Yu. Maibuk 179

11 Acoustic Emission Spectra Classification from Rock Samples of Etna Basalt in Deformation-Decompression Laboratory Experiments V. De Rubeis S. Vinciguerra P. Tosi P. Sbarra P.M. Benson 201

12 Phase-Shifted Fields: Some Experimental Evidence R. Teisseyre T. Chelidze K.P. Teisseyre 213

Part III Field Observations

13 Periodical Oscillations of Microseisms before the Sumatra Earthquake of December 26, 2004 G. Sobolev A. Lyubushin 223

14 Synchronizations of Microseismic Oscillations as the Indicators of the Instability of a Seismically Active Region G.A. Sobolev A.A. Lyubushin N.A. Zakrzhevskaya 243

15 Multifractal Parameters of Low-Frequency Microseisms A. Lyubushin 253

16 Changes in Dynamics of Seismic Processes Around Enguri High Dam Reservoir Induced by Periodic Variation of Water Level T. Matcharashvili T. Chelidze V. Abashidze N. Zhukova E. Meparidze 273

17 Earthquakes' Signatures in Dynamics of Water Level Variations in Boreholes T. Chelidze T. Matcharashvili G. Melikadze 287

18 Detecting Quasi-Harmonic Factors Synchronizing Relaxation Processes: Application to Seismology O. Lursmanashvili T. Paatashvili L. Gheonjian 305

19 Stacked Analysis of Earthquake Sequences: Statistical Space-Time Definition of Clustering and Omori Law Behavior P. Tosi V. De Rubeis P. Sbarra 323

20 Dynamical Changes Induced by Strong Electromagnetic Discharges in Earthquakes' Waiting Time Distribution at the Bishkek Test Area (Central Asia) T. Chelidze V. de Rubeis T. Matcharashvili P. Tosi 339

Index 361

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