Syncretistic Religious Communities in the Near East: Collected Papers of the International Symposium "Alevism in Turkey and Comparable Syncretistic Religious Communities in the Near East in the Past and Present", Berlin, 14-17 April 1995

Overview

This volume deals with Islamic sects in the Near East such as the Alevis (Turkey), Druzes (Libanon), Alawis (Syria), Ahl-i Haqq (Iran, Iraq) and Shabak (Iraq), which have in common a syncretistic system of belief with a strong Shi'ite influence, as well as secrecy and endogamy. The contributions in this volume focus on the present situation of these communities, their relation to mainstream Islam, their involvement in national and ethnic politics, aspects of faith and rituals, the relevance of sacred texts, modes...

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Overview

This volume deals with Islamic sects in the Near East such as the Alevis (Turkey), Druzes (Libanon), Alawis (Syria), Ahl-i Haqq (Iran, Iraq) and Shabak (Iraq), which have in common a syncretistic system of belief with a strong Shi'ite influence, as well as secrecy and endogamy. The contributions in this volume focus on the present situation of these communities, their relation to mainstream Islam, their involvement in national and ethnic politics, aspects of faith and rituals, the relevance of sacred texts, modes of religious and social transformation, and the recent revival of Alevism.
In view of the new visibility of these formerly "hidden" sects and their increasing social and political importance, this volume provides important information for all scholars interested in the religious and political situation of the region.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789004108615
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 6/1/1997
  • Series: Numen Book Series , #76
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 6.44 (w) x 9.56 (h) x 0.88 (d)

Meet the Author

Krisztina Kehl-Bodrogi, Dr. Phil. (1986), in Ethnology, Freie Universität Berlin, is Assistant Professor at the Department of Comparative Religion, Universität Bremen. Her publications include a monograph on Alevism and articles on various aspects of the current Alevi revival.
Barbara Kellner-Heinkele, Dr. Phil. (1974), Universität Hamburg, Habilitation (1981), in Islamic Studies, Universität Freiburg, is Professor of Turcology at Freie Universität Berlin. She has published on Ottoman history, co-authored publications on Turcological bibliography and co-edited collective volumes with Ottoman and Turcological themes.
Anke Otter-Beaujan, M.A. (1990) in Islamic Studies, Freie Universität Berlin, is examining Alevi religious manuscripts called Buyruk for her Ph.D. dissertation.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations
Introduction
"Ashni inkar eden haramzadedir!" The Debate on the Ethnic Identity of the Kurdish Alevis 1
Some Notes on the Contemporary Process of Restructuring Alevilik in Turkey 25
The Phenomenon of Syncretism and the Impact of Islam 35
Le systeme des offrandes dans la tradition Ahl-e Haqq 49
Switching of We-group Identities: the Alevis as a Case Among Many Others 65
The Attitude of the Druzes and 'Alawis Vis-a-vis Islam and Nationalism in Syria and Lebanon 87
Methodological Notes on Interdisciplinary Research on Near Eastern Religious Minorities 101
On the Significance of musahiplik Among the Alevis of Turkey: The Case of the Tahtaci 119
The Status of Islamic Law in the Druze Family in a Non-Muslim State as Reflected in Judicial Practice 139
Between Assimilation and Deportation: The Shabak and the Kakais in Northern Iraq 155
Breaking the Seal: The New Face of the Ahl-e Haqq 175
Un apercu general sur l'heterodoxie musulmane en Turquie: Reflexions sur les origines et les caracteristiques du Kizilbachisme (Alevisme) dans la perspective de l'histoire 195
Les groupes heterodoxes et l'administration ottomane 205
Schriftliche Uberlieferung versus mundliche Tradition: Zum Stellenwert der Buyruk-Handschriften im Alevitum 213
Survival and Leadership at an Interface Periphery: The Druzes in Lebanon 227
Index 247
List of Contributors 253
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