Syntax in the Making: The Emergence of Syntactic Units in Finnish Conversation

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Research on the interplay between language structure and language use has shown that grammar is shaped, maintained, and modified by language use. In this view, then, grammar is not seen as existing apart from language use, but rather as a set of recurrent, grammaticized patterns of discourse.
This book focuses on syntactic structuring in Finnish from the viewpoint of language use. The author sets out to study syntactic structures in their local contexts in order to discover the...
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Overview

Research on the interplay between language structure and language use has shown that grammar is shaped, maintained, and modified by language use. In this view, then, grammar is not seen as existing apart from language use, but rather as a set of recurrent, grammaticized patterns of discourse.
This book focuses on syntactic structuring in Finnish from the viewpoint of language use. The author sets out to study syntactic structures in their local contexts in order to discover the more global patterns and constraints on the use of these structures. The coding strategies point to the clause core as the locus of syntactic structuring: this is where syntactic relations emerge most clearly. It is shown that the key to understanding the coding of the core syntactic relations is the category of person. The clause core also shows strong intonational unity as it is most often presented in one intonation unit. Furthermore, analysis of spoken discourse shows the robustness of the category of noun phrase, both as a clausal constituent and as a free syntactic unit, the free NP.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of tables of figures
Preface
Ch. 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Grammatical structures as cognitive schemas 4
1.2 Data 9
1.3 Coding and analysis of the data 11
1.4 Representing the data 15
1.5 Organization 17
Ch. 2 Dynamics of the clause 19
2.1 What is a clause? 21
2.2 Coding strategies for syntactic functions 33
2.3 Case marking: General principles 35
2.4 Case marking in Finnish 36
2.5 Agreement 64
2.6 Word order 76
2.7 Summary: The clause revisited 82
Ch. 3 Grammaticization of the subject role 85
3.1 Is there a unified subject role in Finnish? 85
3.2 What do subjects do in discourse? 89
3.3 Subject and non-subject 97
3.4 Summary on the grammaticization of the subject 103
Ch. 4 Free NPs 105
4.1 What is a free NP? 105
4.2 Free NPs as syntactic units: A cross-linguistic perspective 108
4.3 Case marking of free NPs 113
4.4 Discourse functions of free NPs 117
4.5 Summary 131
Ch. 5 Intonation and syntactic structuring 133
5.1 Intonation and constituent structure 135
5.2 Intonational grouping and clausal organization 140
5.3 Summary 149
Ch. 6 Conclusion 151
References 155
App Glossing and transcription conventions 167
Name index 171
Subject index 175
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