Syntax: A Linguistic Introduction to Sentence Structure / Edition 2

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More About This Textbook

Overview

The second edition of this invaluable introductory text takes account of developments in syntactic studies. Dealing with the whole range of syntax, this book explains, in a lucid and approachable way, why linguists have adopted certain solutions to problems and not others.
This book introduces the basic concepts used in the description of syntax, independently of any single model of grammar. Profusely illustrated with diagrams, there are sets of exercises for every chapter which can be used in class or by students working independently.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415084215
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 2/13/1992
  • Edition description: Revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 400
  • Sales rank: 1,234,571
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.89 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Introduction 1
Pt. 1 Constituent structure
1 Constituent structure 11
1.1 Determining constituent structure 11
1.2 Representing and talking about constituent structure 16
1.3 Hierarchical structure 19
2 Form classes 23
2.1 Form classes 23
2.2 Widening the data base 27
3 Constituent structure grammar 39
3.1 A simple grammar 39
3.2 Generating and parsing sentences 44
3.3 Generative grammar 48
4 Formal grammars 51
5 Verbs and nouns 61
5.1 Some verb classes in English 61
5.2 Some noun classes in English 69
5.3 Selection restrictions 73
6 Adjectives and prepositions 82
6.1 Adjectives and adjective phrases 82
6.2 Prepositions and prepositional phrases 84
7 Optional constituents 89
7.1 Optional constituents 89
7.2 Modifiers and heads 91
7.3 Adverbs and adverbials 93
8 Intermediate levels of structure 99
8.1 Intermediate levels of structure 99
8.2 The specifiers, modifiers and complements of the major categories 109
9 Embedding, recursion and ambiguity 115
9.1 Embedding and recursion 115
9.2 Attachment and ambiguity 118
10 Relations between sentences 125
10.1 Introduction 125
10.2 Active and passive 126
10.3 Declarations and interrogatives 129
10.4 Wh movement and relative clauses 132
11 The sentence 143
Pt. 2 Morphology
12 Words and morphemes 155
12.1 Identifying words 155
12.2 "Inflectional" and "derivational" morphology 159
12.3 Models of inflectional morphology 160
12.4 Some terminology 162
12.5 Lexical and grammatical morphemes 167
12.6 The morpheme as an abstract unit 170
13 Morphemes and morphs 174
13.1 Morphs 174
13.2 Morphs and allomorphs 175
13.3 Realization 180
14 The morphology of the English verb 191
14.1 Singular and plural: a problem in analysis 191
14.2 Subject-verb concord 196
14.3 Tense and aspect in the English verb 208
15 Lexical morphology 224
16 Form classes and grammatical categories 232
16.1 Form classes: nouns, adjectives and verbs 232
16.2 Grammatical categories 242
Pt. 3 Functional relations
17 Heads and modifiers: the encoding of dependency relations 257
17.1 Heads and modifiers 257
17.2 Encoding: word order and marking 263
17.3 Linkage: agreement and government 276
18 Processes and participants 292
18.1 Introduction 292
18.2 Actions and states 293
18.3 Agent and patient: range, result and neutral 294
18.4 Location and motion: locative place, goal, source and path 299
18.5 Inchoative and causative-inchoative verbs 300
18.6 [State] propositions: description and identification; neutral and attribute 304
18.7 Conclusion 307
19 Grammatical functions 313
19.1 Subject 313
19.2 Object 322
19.3 Indirect object 326
19.4 Complement 330
19.5 Adjuncts 335
19.6 Conclusion 336
20 Sentences in texts 343
20.1 Theme, rheme and end focus 348
20.2 Given and new 362
20.3 Topics 363
20.4 Conclusion 368
Further reading 371
References 375
Index 377
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