Syria and the United States: Eisenhower's Cold War in the Middle East

Overview

The "Syrian crisis" of 1957, sparked by a covert attempt by the Eisenhower administration to overthrow what it perceived to be an emerging Soviet client-state in the Middle East, represented the denouement of a badly misguided U.S. foreign policy, according to David Lesch. The repercussions of this incident, which almost precipitated a superpower confrontation, made glaringly obvious the pitfalls of a Middle East policy so obsessed with the "Soviet threat" that it precluded a reasoned analysis of the complex ...
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0813385822 1992 Westview Press. This softcover copy has signficant creasing to the spine and the previous owner's name written on the inside front cover. There are significant ... notes and highlighting throughout the text. A suitable reading copy. "The repurcussions of the "Syrian crisis" of 1957, a covert attempt by the Eisenhower administration to overthrow what it perceived to be an emerging Soviet client state, almost precipitated a superpower confrontation and made obvious the pitfalls of a Middle East policy focused on the "Soviet threat". This book examines the evolution of US foreign policy toward Syria and the Middle East at the height of the cold war era." 100% customer satisfaction guaranteed. We process and ship orders daily, securely and with delivery confirmation. Read more Show Less

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Overview

The "Syrian crisis" of 1957, sparked by a covert attempt by the Eisenhower administration to overthrow what it perceived to be an emerging Soviet client-state in the Middle East, represented the denouement of a badly misguided U.S. foreign policy, according to David Lesch. The repercussions of this incident, which almost precipitated a superpower confrontation, made glaringly obvious the pitfalls of a Middle East policy so obsessed with the "Soviet threat" that it precluded a reasoned analysis of the complex dynamics of the region. Focusing on regional politics and utilizing newly available primary documentation, Syria and the United States offers a multi-dimensional analysis of Syrian-American relations during the Eisenhower years and presents a new interpretation of the "Syrian crisis" and the evolution of U.S. foreign policy that led to it. In addition, Lesch offers important new insight into the roles played by Iraq, Syria, Egypt, and the United Nations as well as a thorough examination of the Syrian political scene. The implications of the past for the present, Lesch emphasizes, should not go unremarked in light of current events - and Syria's pivotal role in them - in the Middle East.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813385822
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 10/20/1992
  • Pages: 234
  • Lexile: 1780L (what's this?)

Meet the Author

David W. Lesch is professor of history at Trinity University, San Antonio. His publications include Syria and the United States: Eisenhower’s Cold War in the Middle East (Westview, 1992), 1979: The Year That Shaped the Modern Middle East (Westview, 2001), and The Lion of Damascus : Bashar al-Asad and Modern Syria (Yale, 2005).

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Table of Contents

Preface
Note on the Text
List of Abbreviations
1 Introduction 1
Syria After World War Two 1
Eisenhower, the Cold War, and the Middle East 4
Notes 13
2 American Policy Under Truman 17
Arms for Sale 21
Notes 24
3 Eisenhower's Turn 29
John Foster Dulles in the Middle East 32
Constraints on Shishakli 35
Notes 39
4 The Swinging of the Pendulum In Syria 43
The Fall of the Shishakli Regime 44
Inter-Arab Politics 46
Reversing Course 50
The Rise of the Bath Party: The September 1954 Elections 53
Notes 56
5 Syria's Choice 61
Beyond Washington's Control 64
The Assassination of Malki 68
A Final Opportunity 69
Notes 74
6 Policy Fragmentation 80
The Soviet Factor 85
Syria's Internal Problems in 1956 89
Bath Consolidation and Suez 95
Notes 97
7 Prelude to the 1957 Crisis 104
The Showdown in Syria 105
Moving Against Sarraj 108
The May 1957 Syrian By-elections 112
The Syrian-Soviet Economic Agreement 118
Notes 120
8 Syria's Rapprochement with Saudi Arabia and Iraq 127
Saudi-Syrian Relations Prior to the Crisis 127
The Gulf of Aqaba Question 130
The Buraimi Dispute 131
Iraqi-Syrian Relations Prior to the Crisis 132
Notes 134
9 The American Riposte 138
Strategic Considerations 139
Nasser's Concerns About Syria 144
American-Saudi Divergence 146
The Henderson Mission 147
A Shift in Tactics: The Turkish Alternative 152
Assessing the Soviets 156
A Game of Chess 160
Notes 165
10 Regional Diplomacy of Saud and Nasser 173
Nasser's Response 179
Notes 186
11 The International Crisis 190
Syrian Inscription in the United Nations 196
American-Egyptian Modus Vivendi? 202
Notes 204
12 Conclusion 210
Notes 214
Bibliography 215
About the Book and Author 227
Index 229
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