Systematic Reviews to Support Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Review and Apply Findings of Healthcare Research

Overview

All healthcare professionals would benefit from an understanding of the principles of preparing reviews. This book provides expert guidance on the interpretation and practical application of systematic reviews. It is aimed at health professionals who, for any number of reasons, may decide to appraise and undertake reviews. This title simplifies and explains the key steps involved in reviewing literature, so that the reader is in a position to assess the recommendations of published reviews and practice guidelines...

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Overview

All healthcare professionals would benefit from an understanding of the principles of preparing reviews. This book provides expert guidance on the interpretation and practical application of systematic reviews. It is aimed at health professionals who, for any number of reasons, may decide to appraise and undertake reviews. This title simplifies and explains the key steps involved in reviewing literature, so that the reader is in a position to assess the recommendations of published reviews and practice guidelines and undertake a review themselves.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Bruce Houghton, MD (Creighton University Medical Center)
Description: The book provides a starting point for those desiring key information about systematic reviews for healthcare. It lays a framework for health professionals interested in using (reading critically or contemplating conducting their own) systematic reviews.
Purpose: The book "...describes the main principles behind systematic reviews of healthcare research and provides guidance on how reviews can be appraised, conducted and applied in practice." These are worthy objectives, indeed, given the importance of systematic reviews in medical decision-making and healthcare policy. The authors meet their objectives with this book.
Audience: The intended audience is healthcare professionals and those involved with public health or epidemiology. The authors are experts in the field of systematic reviews and well-qualified to produce this book.
Features: This book provides an excellent framework for professionals interested in understanding systematic reviews. The introduction discusses the important role of systematic reviews in our current practice of medicine. The first section of the book follows the course (steps) one would take in developing and conducting a systematic review. The book begins with covering the basics about systematic reviews for healthcare and spends an appropriate amount of time discussing how to adequately frame a clinical question that can be answered by a systematic review. Next are discussions about identifying the relevant literature with nice tips on bibliographic search strategies. These sections are followed by others on summarizing the evidence and interpreting the findings. The second section of the book provides case studies illustrating key questions systematic reviews attempt to answer. The clinical examples given throughout the book are useful. The authors' use of diagrams and boxes are very helpful as are the definitions of important terms appearing in shaded boxes on the appropriate pages. Additional resources for reading about systematic reviews are provided. I would have appreciated a more extensive bibliographic section, but the suggested additional readings cited are excellent.
Assessment: This is an excellent addition to the literature about systematic reviews. It compares well to the book by Mulrow and Cook, Systematic Reviews: Synthesis of Best Evidence for Health Care Decisions (ACP-ASIM, 1998).

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781853155253
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/2003
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 148
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Khalid S Khan is Professor of Obstetrics-Gynaecology and Clinical Epidemiology at University of Birmingham. He is Director of World Health Organisation (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Research Synthesis in Reproductive Health at Birmingham.

Regina Kunz is nephrologist at the University Hospital Basel and clinical epidemiologist at the Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics in Basel.

Jos Kleijnen is the Director of an independent company Kleijnen Systematic Reviews Ltd.

Gerd Antes is the Director of the German Cochrane Centre, Freiburg.

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Table of Contents

Preface
About the authors
Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
Introduction
STEPS OF A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Step 1: Framing questions for a review
Step 2: Identifying relevant literature
Step 3: Assessing the quality of the literature
Step 4: Summarizing the evidence
Step 5: Interpreting the findings
CASE STUDIES
Case study 1: Identifying and apprasing systematic reviews
Case study 2: Reviewin evidence on safety of a public health intervention
Case study 3: Reviewing evidence on effectivess of therapy
Case study 4: Reviewing evidence on test accuracy
Suggested reading
Glossary
Index

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