Systems Engineering and Analysis (Prentice-Hall International Series in Industrial and Systems Engineering) / Edition 4

Systems Engineering and Analysis (Prentice-Hall International Series in Industrial and Systems Engineering) / Edition 4

by Benjamin S. Blanchard, Wolter Fabrycky, Benjamin S. Blanford
     
 

ISBN-10: 0131869779

ISBN-13: 9780131869776

Pub. Date: 05/05/2005

Publisher: Prentice Hall

This reference examines the engineering of both natural and human-made systems and the analysis of those systems. For the engineering of systems, the authors emphasize the process of bringing systems into being. Regarding analysis, they explore the improvement of systems already in existence.

Includes a wealth of new and revised figures throughout. Features

Overview

This reference examines the engineering of both natural and human-made systems and the analysis of those systems. For the engineering of systems, the authors emphasize the process of bringing systems into being. Regarding analysis, they explore the improvement of systems already in existence.

Includes a wealth of new and revised figures throughout. Features significant revisions and new material on Bringing Systems Into Being (Ch. 2); Conceptual Design (Ch. 3); Design For Supportability (Ch. 15); Design For Affordability - Life-Cycle Costing (Ch. 17). Adds material on the integration of design disciplines in the systems engineering. Concludes each chapter with new Summary Extensions. Provides a new supplier evaluation checklist. Includes a new appendix that lists 35 key related web sites.

A useful reference for electrical, electronic, and automotive engineers, as well as professionals in the aeronautics, astronautics, and manufacturing industries.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131869776
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
05/05/2005
Series:
Prentice-Hall International Series in In
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
804
Product dimensions:
7.29(w) x 9.37(h) x 1.29(d)

Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction to Systems 1

Chapter 1 System Science and Engineering 2

1.1 System Definitions and Elements 3

1.2 A Classification of Systems 6

1.3 Science and Systems Science 8

1.4 Technology and Technical Systems 11

1.5 Transition to the Systems Age 14

1.6 Systems Engineering 17

1.7 Summary and Extensions 19

Questions and Problems 21

Chapter 2 Bringing Systems Into Being 22

2.1 The Engineered System 23

2.2 System Life-Cycle Engineering 26

2.3 The Systems Engineering Process 30

2.4 System Design Considerations 32

2.5 System Synthesis, Analysis, and Evaluation 38

2.6 Implementing Systems Engineering 44

2.7 A Generic System Example 49

2.8 Summary and Extensions 50

Questions and Problems 51

Part 2 The System Design Process 53

Chapter 3 Conceptual System Design 54

3.1 Problem Definition and Need Identification 55

3.2 Advanced System Planning 56

3.3 System Feasibility Analysis 58

3.4 System Operational Requirements 59

3.5 Maintenance and Support Concept 69

3.6 Technical Performance Measures 75

3.7 Functional Analysis and Allocation 78

3.8 System Trade-off Analyses 86

3.9 System Specification 86

3.10 Conceptual Design Review 89

3.11 Summary and Extensions 90

Questions and Problems 91

Chapter 4 Preliminary System Design 93

4.1 Subsystem Design Requirements 94

4.2 Development, Product, Process, and Material Specifications 94

4.3 Functional Analysis and Allocation (Subsystem) 96

4.4 Detailed Design Requirements 103

4.5 Engineering Design Tools and Technologies 107

4.6 Trade-off Studies and Design Definition 111

4.7 Design Review, Evaluation, and Feedback 111

4.8 Summary and Extensions 116

Questions and Problems 117

Chapter 5 Detail Design and Development 119

5.1 Detail Design Requirements 120

5.2 Design Engineering Activities 121

5.3 Integrating System Elements and Activities 123

5.4 Design Tools and AIDS 126

5.5 Design Data, Information, and Integration 128

5.6 Development of Engineering Models 130

5.7 System Prototype Development 133

5.8 Design Review, Evaluation, and Feedback 133

5.9 Incorporation of Design Changes 137

5.10 Summary and Extensions 138

Questions and Problems 140

Chapter 6 System Test, Evaluation, and Validation 142

6.1 Requirements for System Test, Evaluation, and Validation 143

6.2 Categories of System Test and Evaluation 146

6.3 Planning for System Test and Evaluation 149

6.4 Preparation for System Test and Evaluation 152

6.5 Conducting System Test, Data Collection, and Test Reporting 154

6.6 System Modifications 155

6.7 Summary and Extensions 158

Questions and Problems 159

Part 3 Systems Analysis and Design Evaluation 160

Chapter 7 Alternatives and Models in Decision Making 162

7.1 Alternatives in Decision Making 163

7.2 Models in Decision Making 164

7.3 Decision Evaluation Theory 169

7.4 Decisions Involving Multiple Criteria 173

7.5 The Decision Evaluation Display 180

7.6 Decisions Under Risk and Uncertainty 182

7.7 Summary and Extensions 192

Questions and Problems 194

Chapter 8 Models for Economic Evaluation 199

8.1 Interest and Interest Formulas 200

8.2 Determining Economic Equivalence 205

8.3 Evaluating a Single Alternative 209

8.4 Evaluating Multiple Alternatives 217

8.5 Evaluation Involving Multiple Criteria 219

8.6 Multiple Alternatives with Multiple Futures 221

8.7 Break-Even Economic Evaluations 224

8.8 Break-Even Evaluation Under Risk 230

8.9 Summary and Extensions 231

Questions and Problems 232

Chapter 9 Optimization in Design and Operations 236

9.1 Classical Optimization Theory 237

9.2 Unconstrained Classical Optimization 244

9.3 Constrained Classical Optimization 266

9.4 Optimization Involving Multiple Criteria 271

9.5 Constrained Optimization by Linear Programming 273

9.6 Summary and Extensions 282

Questions and Problems 284

Chapter 10 Queuing Theory and Analysis 289

10.1 The Queuing System 290

10.2 Monte Carlo Analysis of Queuing 293

10.3 Single-Channel Queuing Models 297

10.4 Multiple-Channel Queuing Models 307

10.5 Queuing with Nonexponential Service 309

10.6 Finite Population Queuing Models 312

10.7 Summary and Extensions 320

Questions and Problems 322

Chapter 11 Control Concepts and Methods 325

11.1 Some Basic Control Concepts 326

11.2 Statistical Process Control 328

11.3 Optimum Policy Control 340

11.4 Project Control with CPM and PERT 343

11.5 Total Quality Control Methods 354

11.6 Summary and Extensions 360

Questions and Problems 361

Part 4 Design for Operational Feasibility 367

Chapter 12 Design for Reliability 369

12.1 Definition and Explanation of Reliability 370

12.2 Measures of Reliability 371

12.3 Reliability in the System Life Cycle 382

12.4 Reliability Analysis Methods 394

12.5 Reliability Test and Evaluation 405

12.6 Summary and Extensions 413

Questions and Problems 414

Chapter 13 Design for Maintainability 418

13.1 Definition and Explanation of Maintainability 419

13.2 Measures of Maintainability 420

13.3 Availability and Effectiveness Measures 434

13.4 Maintainability in the System Life Cycle 437

13.5 Maintainability Analysis Methods 445

13.6 Maintainability Demonstration 467

13.7 Summary and Extensions 474

Questions and Problems 475

Chapter 14 Design for Usability (Human Factors) 479

14.1 Definition and Explanation of Human Factors 480

14.2 The Measures in Human Factors 493

14.3 Human Factors in the System Life Cycle 494

14.4 Human Factors Analysis Methods 499

14.5 Personnel and Training Requirements 505

14.6 Personnel test and Evaluation 507

14.7 Summary and Extensions 507

Questions and Problems 508

Chapter 15 Design for Supportability (Serviceability) 510

15.1 Definition and Explanation of Logistics and Supportability 511

15.2 The Elements of Logistics and System Support 516

15.3 The Measures of Logistics and Supportability 519

15.4 Logistics and Maintenance Support in the System Life Cycle 538

15.5 Supportability Analysis (SA) 545

15.6 Supportability Test and Evaluation 547

15.7 Summary and Extensions 550

Questions and Problems 552

Chapter 16 Design for Producibility and Disposability 554

16.1 Introduction to Producibility and Disposability 555

16.2 Producibility and Disposability in the System Life Cycle 558

16.3 Design for Producibility and Manufacturability 562

16.4 Modeling Manufacturing Progress 566

16.5 Design for Disposability 570

16.6 A Life Cycle Value-Cost Diagram 572

16.7 Summary and Extensions 574

Questions and Problems 577

Chapter 17 Design for Affordability (Life-cycle Costing) 578

17.1 Introduction to Life-Cycle Costing 579

17.2 Cost Considerations in the System Life Cycle 582

17.3 The Generic Life-Cycle Costing Process 587

17.4 Life-Cycle Costing by Money Flow Modeling 606

17.5 Life-Cycle Costing by Economic Optimization 632

17.6 Applications and Benefits of Life-Cycle Costing 645

17.7 Summary and Extensions 647

Questions and Problems 649

Part 5 Systems Engineering Management 657

Chapter 18 Systems Engineering Planning and Organization 659

18.1 Systems Engineering Program Planning 660

18.2 Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) 660

18.3 Organization for Systems Engineering 678

18.4 Summary and Extensions 691

Questions and Problems 692

Chapter 19 Program Management, Control, and Evaluation 694

19.1 Organizational Goals and Objectives 695

19.2 Outsourcing and the Identification of Suppliers 696

19.3 Program Leadership and Direction 698

19.4 Program Evaluation and Feedback 701

19.5 Risk Management 710

19.6 Summary and Extensions 712

Questions and Problems 713

Part 6 Appendices 715

Appendix A Functional Analysis 716

A.1 Functional Flow Block Diagrams 716

A.2 Some Examples of Application 718

Appendix B Design and Management Checklists 726

B.1 Design Review Checklist 727

B.2 Management Review Checklist 728

Appendix C Probability Theory and Analysis 732

C.1 Probability Concepts and Theory 732

C.2 Probability Distribution Models 735

C.3 Monte Carlo Analysis 744

Appendix D Probability and Statistical Tables 747

Table D.1 Random Rectangular Variates 747

Table D.2 Cumulative Poisson Probabilities 747

Table D.3 Cumulative Normal Probabilities 747

Appendix E Interest Factor Tables 755

Tables E.1 to E.10 Interest Factors for Annual Compounding 755

Appendix F Finite Queuing Tables 766

Table F.1 to F.3 Finite Queuing Factors 766

Appendix G Selected Bibliography 774

G.1 Systems, Systems Analysis, and Systems Engineering 774

G.2 Concurrent and Simultaneous Engineering 776

G.3 Software and Computer-Aided Systems 776

G.4 Reliability Engineering 777

G.5 Maintainability Engineering and Maintenance 777

G.6 Human Factors and Safety Engineering 778

G.7 Production, Manufacturing, Quality Control and Assurance 778

G.8 Logistics, Supply Chain Management, and Supportability 780

G.9 Operations Research and Operations Management 781

G.10 Engineering Economy and Life-Cycle Cost Analysis 781

G.11 Management and Supporting Areas 782

Appendix H Selected Web Sites 783

Index

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