Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
$27.65
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $21.98
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 33%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (8) from $21.98   
  • New (7) from $21.98   
  • Used (1) from $27.64   

Overview

After World War II, a systems approach to solving complex problems and managing complex systems came into vogue among engineers, scientists, and managers, fostered in part by the diffusion of digital computing power. Enthusiasm for the approach peaked during the Johnson administration, when it was applied to everything from military command and control systems to poverty in American cities. Although its failure in the social sphere, coupled with increasing skepticism about the role of technology and "experts" in American society, led to a retrenchment,systems methods are still part of modern managerial practice.

This groundbreaking book charts the origins and spread of the systems movement. It describes the major players includingRAND, MITRE, Ramo-Wooldrige (later TRW), and the International Institute of Applied SystemsAnalysis—and examines applications in a wide variety of military, government, civil, and engineering settings. The book is international in scope, describing the spread of systems thinking in France and Sweden. The story it tells helps to explain engineering thought and managerial practice during the last sixty years.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

Meet the Author

Thomas P. Hughes is Professor of the History and Sociology of Science at the University ofPennsylvania.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
1 Automation's Finest Hour: Radar and System Integration in World War II 27
2 The Adoption of Operations Research in the United States during World War II 57
3 From Concurrency to Phased Planning: An Episode in the History of Systems Management 93
4 System Reshapes the Corporation: Joint Ventures in the Bay Area Rapid Transit System, 1962-1972 113
5 Planning a Technological Nation: Systems Thinking and the Politics of National Identity in Postwar France 133
6 A Worm in the Bud? Computers, Systems, and the Safety-Case Problem 161
7 Engineers or Managers? The Systems Analysis of Electronic Data Processing in the Federal Bureaucracy 191
8 The World in a Machine: Origins and Impacts of Early Computerized Global Systems Models 221
9 The Medium Is the Message, or How Context Matters: The RAND Corporation Builds an Economics of Innovation, 1946-1962 255
10 Out of the Blue Yonder: The Transfer of Systems Thinking from the Pentagon to the Great Society, 1961-1965 311
11 The Limits of Technology Transfer: Civil Systems at TRW, 1965-1975 359
12 From Operations Research to Futures Studies: The Establishment, Diffusion, and Transformation of the Systems Approach in Sweden, 1945-1980 385
13 The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, the TAP Project, and the RAINS Model 413
14 RAND, IIASA, and the Conduct of Systems Analysis 433
15 How a Genetic Code Became an Information System 463
Notes on Contributors 493
Index 497
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Average Rating 5
( 1 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(1)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously
Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Posted June 3, 2013

    WOW... I love MyDeals247 model - they create competition among t

    WOW... I love MyDeals247 model - they create competition among the sellers real-time.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews

If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
Why is this product inappropriate?
Comments (optional)