Tackling Health Inequities Through Public Health Practice: Theory To Action / Edition 2

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Overview

Social justice has always been a core value driving public health. Today, much of the etiology of avoidable disease is rooted in inequitable social conditions brought on by disparities in wealth and power and reproduced through ongoing forms of oppression, exploitation, and marginalization.

Tackling Health Inequities raises questions and provides a starting point for health practitioners ready to reorient public health practice to address the fundamental causes of health inequities. This reorientation involves restructuring the organization, culture, and daily work of public health. Tackling Health Inequities is meant to inspire readers to imagine or envision public health practice and their role in ways that question contemporary thinking and assumptions, as emerging trends, social conditions, and policies generate increasing inequities in health.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195343144
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 3/10/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 600
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Richard Hofrichter is Senior Analyst, Health Equity for the National Association of County & City Health Officials.

Rajiv Bhatia is Director, Division of Occupational and Environmental Health at the San Francisco Department of Public Health as well as Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco

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Table of Contents

Contributors xiii

Part I Introduction: Frameworks, Perspectives, Evidence

1 Tackling Health Inequities: A Framework for Public Health Practice Richard Hofrichter 3

2 Why Health Equity? Amartya Sen 57

3 Health Equity and Social Justice Fabienne Peter 71

4 United States: Social Inequality and the Burden of Poor Health Laura D. Kubzansky Nancy Krieger Ichiro Kawachi Beverly Rockhill Gillian K. Steel Lisa F. Berkman 86

5 A Framework for Measuring Health Inequity Yukiko Asada 112

6 Promoting Social Justice through Public Health Policies, Programs, and Services Alonzo Plough 126

Part II Racism, Class Exploitation, Sexism, and Health: Exposing the Roots

7 Structural Racism and Community Building Keith Lawrence Stacey Sutton Anne Kubisch Gretchen Susi Karen Fulbright-Anderson 143

8 Coronary Heart Disease, Chronic Inflammation, and Pathogenic Social Hierarchy: A Biological Limit to Possible Reductions in Morbidity and Mortality Rodrick Wallace Deborah Wallace Robert G. Wallace 162

9 Social Sources of Racial Disparities in Health David R. Williams Pamela Braboy Jackson 166

10 Class Exploitation and Psychiatric Disorders Carles Muntaner Carme Borrell Haejoo Chung Joan Benach 179

11 Beyond the Income Inequality Hypothesis: Class, Neo-Liberalism, and Health Inequalities David Coburn 196

12 Gender Inequity in Health: Why It Exists and How We Can Change It Gita Sen Piroska Ostlin 225

Part III Practitioners Take Action: Strategies for Organizational Change and Working with Communities

13 Initiating Social Justice Action through Dialogue in a Local Health Department: The Ingham County Experience Doak Bloss 241

14 The Metro Louisville Center for Health Equity: Expanding the Circle of Engagement Adewale Troutman 272

15 Exploring the Intersection of Public Health and Social Justice: The Bay Area Regional Health Inequities Initiative Bob Prentice Njoke Thomas 283

16 Using Our Voice: Forging a Public Health Practice for Social Justice Rajiv Bhatia June Weintraub Lili Farhang Karen Yu Paula Jones 296

17 Estimation of Health Benefits from a Local Living Wage Ordinance Rajiv Bhatia Mitchell Katz 324

18 Protecting Health with Environmental Impact Assessment: A Case Study of San Francisco Land Use Decision Making Rajiv Bhatia 336

19 The Community Action Model in a Public Health Department Setting Case Study: Tobacco Divestment on College Campuses Mele Lau Smith Alma Avila-Esparza Alyonik Hrushow Susana Hennessey Lavery Diane Reed Melinda Moore 356

20 Tackling the Root Causes of Health Disparities through Community Capacity Building Anthony B. Iton Sandra Witt Alexandra Desautels Katherine Schaff Mia Luluquisen Liz Maker Kathryn Horsley Matt Beyers 370

21 Institutionalizing Health Equity and Social Justice in King County, Washington Ngozi Oleru Michael Gedeon Matías Valenzuela 404

22 Street Science: Local Knowledge and Environmental Justice Jason Corburn 417

23 Measuring Social Determinants of Health Inequities: The CADH Health Equity Index Baker Salsbury Elaine O'Keefe Jennifer Kertanis 442

24 Place Matters: Building Partnerships among Communities and Local Public Health Departments Gail C. Christopher Vincent Lafronza Natalie Burke 458

Part IV Shifting Consciousness and Paradigms

25 Unnatural Causes: Using Media to Build a Constituency for Health Equity Larry Adelman 477

26 Talking about Public Health: Developing America's “Second Language” Lawrence Wallack Regina G. Lawrence 495

27 Helping Public Health Matter: Strategies for Building Public Awareness Makani Themba-Nixon 504

28 The Ethics of the Medical Model in Addressing the Root Causes of Health Disparities in Local Public Health Practice Anthony B. Iton 509

29 Teaching Social Inequalities in Health: Barriers and Opportunities Carles Muntaner Haejoo Chung 517

Appendices

A Selected References 527

B Guidelines for Achieving Health Equity in Public Health Practice 549

C How Social justice Becomes Embodied in Differential Disease and Mortality Rates 555

D Eliminating Health Inequity: The Role of Local Public Health and Community Organizing 557

E People's Charter for Health 559

Index 569

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