Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Moral Issues / Edition 13

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Overview

16 Debates on Moral Issues Genetic Engineering Gambling Same-Sex Marriage and More!

Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Moral Issues, Twelfth Edition, is a debate-style reader designed to introduce students to controversies in moral philosophy. The readings, which represent the arguments of leading philosophers and commentators, reflect opposing positions and have been selected for their liveliness and substance and because of their value in a debate framework.

For each issue, the editor provides a concise introduction and postscript summary. The introduction sets the stage for the debate as it is argued in the "yes" and "no" readings. The postscript briefly reviews the opposing opinions and suggests additional readings on the controversial issue under discussion.

By requiring students to analyze contradictory positions and reach considered judgments, Taking Sides actively develops students' critical thinking skills. It is this development of critical thinking skills that is the ultimate purpose of each of the volumes in the widely acclaimed Taking Sides program.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780078050091
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 3/8/2011
  • Series: Taking Sides Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 13
  • Pages: 352
  • Sales rank: 825,081
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface v

Correlation Guide xiv

Introduction xvii

Unit 1 Fundamental Issues In Morality 1

Issue 1 Is Moral Relativism Correct? 2

Yes: from "Moral Relativism," in Gilbert Harman and Judith Jarvis Thomson, eds., Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity (Blackwell, 1996) Gilbert Harman 4

No: from "The Case Against Moral Relativism," in Louis P. Pojman and Lewis Vaughn, eds., The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature (Oxford University Press, 2007) Louis P. Pojman 13

Issue 2 Does Morality Need Religion? 24

Yes: from The Shape of the Good: Christian Reflections on the Foundations of Ethics (University of Notre Dame Press, 1991) C. Stephen Layman 26

No: from "Religion, Morality, and Conscience," in John Arthur, ed., Morality and Moral Controversies, 4th ed. (Prentice Hall, 1996) John Arthur 35

Unit 2 Gender, Sex, and Reproduction 49

Issue 3 Is Abortion Immoral? 50

Yes: from "Why Abortion Is Immoral," Journal of Philosophy (April 1989) Don Marquis 52

No: from "Abortion and the Concept of a Person," Canadian Journal of Philosophy (October 1975) Jane English 60

Issue 4 Must Sex Involve Commitment? 70

Yes: from Reflective Naturalism (Macmillan, 1969) Vincent C. Punzo 72

No: from "Plain Sex," Philosophy and Public Affairs (Spring 1977) Alan H. Goldman 78

Issue 5 Is It Right to Prohibit Same-Sex Marriage? 86

Yes: from "Is It Wrong to Discriminate on the Basis of Homosexuality?" Journal of Social Philosophy, vol. 26, no. 1 (Spring, 1995) Jeff Jordan 88

No: from "Same-Sex Marriage and the Argument from Public Disagreement," Journal of Social Philosophy, vol. 30, no. 2 (Summer 1999) David Boonin99

Issue 6 Should Human Cloning Be Banned? 110

Yes: from "The Ethical Implications of Human Cloning," Perspectives in Biology and Medicine (Spring 2005) Michael J. Sandel 112

No: from "Human Cloning and the Challenge of Regulation," The New England Journal of Medicine (July 9, 1998) John A. Robertson 118

Unit 3 Law And Society 127

Issue 7 Is Cloning Pets Ethically Justified? 128

Yes: "Creating Fido's Twin," Hastings Center Report (July/August 2005) Autumn Fiester 130

No: from "Cloning Companion Animals Is Wrong," Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science (vol. 5, no. 3, 2002) Hilary Bok 140

Issue 8 Should Congress Allow the Buying and Selling of Human Organs? 146

Yes: from "Selling Organs for Transplantation," The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine (September, 2004) Lewis Burrows 148

No: from "Should Congress Allow the Buying and Selling of Human Organs? No," Insight on the News (May 7, 2001) James F. Childress 153

Issue 9 Should Drugs be Legalized? 159

Yes: from "Legalize Drugs Now! An Analysis of the Benefits of Legalized Drugs," American Journal of Economics and Sociology (July 2000) Meaghan Cussen Walter Block 161

No:Drug Enforcement Administration, from "Speaking Out Against Drug Legalization," DEA.gov (May 2003) 170

Issue 10 Is Gambling Immoral? 183

Yes: from "Gambling: A Preliminary Inquiry," Business Ethics Quarterly (vol. 3, no. 4, 1993) Lisa Newton 185

No: from "Is Gambling Immoral? A Virtue Ethics Approach," in Mark Timmons, ed., Disputed Moral Issues (Oxford University Press, 2007) Peter Collins 194

Issue 11 Is Affirmative Action Fair? 207

Yes: from "Affirmative Action: Pro," in Albert G. Mosley and Nicholas Capaldi, eds., Affirmative Action: Social Justice or Unfair Preference? (Rowman and Littlefield, 1996) Albert G. Mosley 209

No: from "The Case Against Affirmative Action," International Journal of Applied Philosophy (Spring 1998) Louis P. Pojman 221

Issue 12 Should Licensing for Handguns Be More Restrictive? 233

Yes: from "The Ethics of Restrictive Licensing for Handguns: Comparing the United States and Canadian Approaches to Handgun Regulation," Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics (Winter 2007) Jon S. Vernick James G. Hodge Daniel W. Webster 235

No: from "The False Promise of Gun Control," The Atlantic Monthly (March 1994) Daniel D. Polsby 250

Issue 13 Should the Death Penalty Be Abolished? 261

Yes: from Punishment in America: Social Control and the Ironies of Imprisonment (Sage, 1999) Michael Welch 263

No: from "The Death Penalty Once More," U.C. Davis Law Review (Summer 1985) Ernest van den Haag 277

Issue 14 Is Torture Ever Justified? 290

Yes: from "Not Enough Official Torture in the World?" University of San Francisco Law Review (Spring 2005) Mirko Bagaric Julie Clarke 292

No: from "Tragic Choices: Reaffirming Absolutes in the Torture Debate," International Journal of Applied Philosophy (vol. 19, no. 2, 2005) Christopher W. Tindale 301

Issue 15 Is Physician-Assisted Suicide Wrong? 314

Yes: from "Assisted Suicide: Pro-Choice or Anti-Life?" Hastings Center Report (January/February 1989) Richard Doerflinger 316

No: from "Assisted Suicide Is Not Voluntary Active Euthanasia," Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (October 1992) David T. Watts Timothy Howell 323

Unit 4 Human Beings And Other Species 333

Issue 16 Does Morality Require Vegetarianism? 334

Yes: from "Why We Should Be Vegetarians," International Journal of Applied Philosophy (vol. 20, no. 2, 2006) Michael Allen Fox 336

No: from Environmental Ethics: Duties to and Values in the Natural World (Temple University Press, 1988) Holmes Rolston 348

Contributors 355

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