This debate-style reader is designed to introduce students to controversies in science and technology. The readings,which represent the arguments of leading commentators,reflect a variety of viewpoints and are staged as "pro" and "con" debates. Issues are grouped around the following themes: the place of science and technology in society; the environment; the cutting edge of technology; the computer revolution; and ethics.
PART 1. The Place of Science and Technology in Society
ISSUE 1. Should Peer Review Dominate Decision Making About Science?
YES: House Committee on Science, from Unlocking Our Future: Toward a New National Science Policy
NO: David H. Guston and Kenneth Keniston, from "Updating the Social Contract for Science," Technology Review
ISSUE 2. Is Science a Faith?
YES: Daniel Callahan, from "Calling Scientific Ideology to Account," Society
NO: Richard Dawkins, from "Is Science a Religion?" The Humanist
ISSUE 3. Does the Theory of Evolution Explain the Origins of Humanity?
YES: Daniel C. Dennett, from Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life
NO: Edward B. Davis, from "Debating Darwin: The 'Intelligent Design' Movement," The Christian Century
PART 2. The Environment
ISSUE 4. Does the Growing World Population Face Future Food Shortages?
YES: Lester R. Brown, from "Can We Raise Grain Yields Fast Enough?" World Watch