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Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Crime and Criminology / Edition 9

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Overview

Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Crime and Criminology, Ninth Edition, is a debate-style reader designed to introduce students to controversies in crime and criminology. The readings, which represent the arguments of leading criminologists, sociologists, and social commentators, reflect opposing positions and have been selected for their liveliness and substance and because of their value in a debate framework.

For each issue, the editor provides a concise introduction and postscript summary. The introduction sets the stage for the debate as it is argued in the "yes" and "no" readings. The postscript briefly reviews the opposing opinions and suggests additional readings on the controversial issue under discussion.

By requiring students to analyze contradictory positions and reach considered judgments, Taking Sides actively develops students' critical thinking skills. It is this development of critical thinking skills that is the ultimate purpose of each of the volumes in the widely acclaimed Taking Sides program.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780077408060
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
  • Publication date: 7/21/2010
  • Series: Taking Sides Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 9
  • Pages: 436
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Thomas J. Hickey is the Dean of the School of Liberal Arts and Sciences and a Professor of Government at the State University of New York (SUNY Cobleskill). He received his bachelor’s degree from Providence College, M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Sam Houston State University, and a law degree from the University of Oregon, School of Law. His areas of expertise include criminology and law and he is the author of two books, Criminal Procedure (McGraw-Hill, Inc., 2001, 1998) and Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Criminal Justice (McGraw-Hill, 2007) as well as many journal articles. He is a licensed attorney as well who specializes in the areas of labor law and tort litigation.

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Table of Contents

Preface vii

Correlation Guide xvii

Introduction xix

Unit 1 Definitions and Explanations of Crime 1

Issue 1 Is Crime Beneficial to Society? 2

YES: Emile Durkheim, from The Rules of Sociological Method (The Free Press, 1938) 4

NO: Daniel Patrick Moynihan, from "Defining Deviancy Down," The American Scholar (Winter 1993) 9

Issue 2 Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically? 17

YES: Adrian Raine, from "The Biological Basis of Crime," in James Q. Wilson and John Petersilia, eds., Crime: Public Policies for Crime Control (ICS Press, 2002) 19

NO: Jeffrey H. Reiman, from The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison: Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice (Allyn & Bacon, 1998) 28

Issue 3 Is a Person's Body Type Clearly Linked to Criminal Behavior? 44

YES: Sean Maddan, Jeffrey T. Walker, and J. Mitchell Miller, from "Physiques, Somatotypes and Crime." An essay. (2009) 46

NO: Chris L. Gibson and Kevin M. Beaver, from "Does Body Type Really Have an Effect on Criminal Behavior?" An essay. (2009) 53

Unit 2 Justice Issues and Contemporary Public Policy 63

Issue 4 Should George W. Bush Be Prosecuted for War Crimes? 64

YES: Vincent Bugliosi, from "Opening Up One's Eyes," The Prosecution of George W. Bush for Murder (Vanguard Press, 2008) 66

NO: John Barry, from "The Politics of Vengeance," Newsweek.com (January 19, 2009) 69

Issue 5 Does the United States Have a Right to Torture Suspected Terrorists? 75

YES: Andrew A. Moher, from "The Lesser of Two Evils? An Argument for Judicially Sanctioned Torture in a Post--9/11 World," Thomas Jefferson Law Review (Spring 2004) 77

NO: Elisa Massimino, from "Leading by Example? U.S.Interrogation of Prisoners in the War on Terror," Criminal Justice Ethics (Winter 2004) 90

Issue 6 Is Racial Profiling an Acceptable Law Enforcement Strategy? 98

YES: Jared Taylor and Glayde Whitney, from "Racial Profiling: Is There an Empirical Basis?" Mankind Quarterly (Spring 2002) 100

NO: Michael J. Lynch, from "Misleading 'Evidence' and the Misguided Attempt to Generate Racial Profiles of Criminals; Correcting Fallacies and Calculations Concerning Race and Crime in Taylor and Whitney's Analysis of Racial Profiling," Mankind Quarterly (Spring 2002) 112

Issue 7 Should Serious Sex Offenders Be Castrated? 126

YES: Lawrence Wright, from "The Case for Castration," Texas Monthly (May 1992) 128

NO: Kari A. Vanderzyl, from "Castration as an Alternative to Incarceration: An Impotent Approach to the Punishment of Sex Offenders," Northern Illinois University Law Review (Fall 1994) 135

Issue 8 Should Juvenile Courts Be Abolished? 144

YES: Barry C. Feld, from Bad Kids: Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court (Oxford University Press, 1999) 146

NO: Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg, from The Florida Experiment: An Analysis of the Impact of Granting Prosecutors Discretion to Try Juveniles As Adults (July 1999) 157

Issue 9 Is Exposure to Pornography Related to Increased Rates of Rape? 168

YES: Diana E. H. Russell, from Dangerous Relationships: Pornography, Misogyny, and Rape (Sage, 1998) 170

NO: Anthony D'Amato, from "Porn Up, Rape Down," Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 913013 (2006) 179

Unit 3 Prison Programs and Alternatives 189

Issue 10 Is It Ethical to Segregate HIV-Positive Inmates? 190

YES: Penny A. Robinette, from "Is the Segregation of HIV-Positive Inmates Ethical? Yes," The Prison Journal (March 1999) 192

NO: Billy Long, from "Is the Segregation of HIV-Positive Inmates Ethical? No," The Prison Journal (March 1999) 199

Issue 11 Are Supermax (Control Unit) Prisons an Appropriate Way to Punish Hardened Criminals? 206

YES: Gregory L. Hershberger, from "To the Max," Corrections Today (February 1998) 208

NO: Rodney J. Henningsen, W. Wesley Johnson, and Terry Wells, from "Supermax Prisons: Panacea or Desperation?" Corrections Management Quarterly (Spring 1999) 213

Issue 12 Should Juveniles Who Commit Murder Be Sentenced to Life in Prison Without the Possibility of Parole? 223

YES: Liza Matia, from "Parents Fight to Keep Juvenile Killers in Prison," The Progress (November 22, 2008) 225

NO: Human Rights Watch, from "When I Die They'll Send Me Home," Human Rights Watch (January 2008) 228

Issue 13 Should Private "For-Profit" Corporations Be Allowed to Run U.S. Prisons? 235

YES: Wayne H. Calabrese, from "Low Cost, High Quality, Good Fit: Why Not Privatization?" Privatization Correctional Institutions (1996) 237

NO: Jeff Sinden, from "The Problem of Prison Privatization: The U.S. Experience," Capitalist Punishment: Prison Privatization & Human Rights (2003) 243

Unit 4 Criminal Justice Research, Evaluation, and Policy Analysis 255

Issue 14 Is Capital Punishment a Bad Public Policy? 256

YES: David Von Drehle, from "Miscarriage of Justice: Why the Death Penalty Doesn't Works," The Washington Post Magazine (February 5, 1995) 258

NO: Ernest Van Den Haag, from "The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense," Harvard Law Review (May 1986) 270

Issue 15 Will Strict Gun Control Laws Reduce the Number of Homicides in the United States? 278

YES: Franklin E. Zimring, from "Firearms, Violence, and the Potential Impact of Firearms Control," Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics (Spring 2004) 280

NO: Lance K. Stell, from "The Production of Criminal Violence in America: Is Strict Gun Control the Solution?" Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics (Spring 2004) 287

Issue 16 Should the Police Enforce Zero-Tolerance Laws? 304

YES: George L. Kelling and William J. Bratton, from "Declining Crime Rates: Insiders' Views of the New York City Story," The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology (Summer 1998) 306

NO: Judith A. Greene, from "Zero Tolerance: A Case Study of Police Policies and Practices in New York City," Crime & Delinquency (April 1999) 316

Unit 5 Future Trends in Criminology and Criminal Justice 329

Issue 17 Should Marijuana Be Legalized? 330

YES: Ethan A. Nadelmann, from "An End to Marijuana Prohibition: The Drive to Legalize Picks Up," National Review (July 12, 2004) 332

NO: John P. Walters, from "No Surrender," National Review (September 27, 2004) 339

Issue 18 Do Three Strikes Sentencing Laws and Other "Get Tough" Approaches Really Work? 344

YES: Eugene H. Methvin, from "Mugged by Reality," Policy Review (July/August 1997) 346

NO: David Shichor, from "Three Strikes as a Public Policy," Crime & Delinquency (October 1997) 356

Issue 19 Should Juries Be Able to Disregard the Law and Free "Guilty" Persons in Racially Charged Cases? 366

YES: Paul Butler, from "Racially Based Jury Nullification: Black Power in the Criminal Justice System," Yale Law Journal (December 1995) 368

NO: Randall Kennedy, from "After the Cheers," The New Republic (October 23, 1995) 373

Contributors 378

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