Tanker Operations: A Handbook for the Person-in-Charge / Edition 1

Tanker Operations: A Handbook for the Person-in-Charge / Edition 1

by Mark Huber
     
 

ISBN-10: 0870335286

ISBN-13: 9780870335280

Pub. Date: 10/01/2010

Publisher: Cornell Maritime Press, Inc.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780870335280
Publisher:
Cornell Maritime Press, Inc.
Publication date:
10/01/2010
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
5.80(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface To The Fourth Editionxiii
Preface To The First Editionxvii
Chapter 1Tank Vessel Design and Classification
Oil Tanker3
Parcel Tanker10
Combination Carrier13
Barges16
Barriers18
Classification19
Development of the Supertanker23
Review23
Chapter 2Cargo Characteristics
Bulk Liquid Cargoes24
Properties of Petroleum25
Flammability Characteristics of Bulk Liquid Cargoes26
Avoidance of the Flammable Range29
Classification of Petroleum31
Cargo Weight, Capacity, and Flow32
Toxicity--Measurement and Regulations35
Sources of Cargo Information37
Hazards40
Review50
Chapter 3Oil Exploration and the Refining Process
Drilling52
Processing and Transporting55
Crude Oil56
Refining59
Building Products62
Blending63
Review63
Chapter 4Cargo Piping Systems
Bottom Piping64
Deck Piping70
Cargo Hoses78
Cargo Transfer80
Pumproom Piping85
Basic Valve Types87
Special Valves91
Blanks95
Review96
Chapter 5Venting Systems and Vapor Control Operations
Controlled Venting Systems98
Development of Vapor Control Systems104
Vapor Control System Components105
Closed Gauging108
High/Low Vapor Pressure Protection111
Operations112
Review120
Chapter 6Cargo Measurement and Calculation
The Purpose of Cargo Measurement121
Parties Involved122
Terms of Sale122
Measurement Equipment123
Tank Structure and Measurement125
Measurement Procedures130
Equipment Use134
Preloading Inspection and Measurement134
Postloading Inspection and Measurement136
Predischarge Inspection and Measurement140
Postdischarge Inspection and Measurement141
Cargo Calculation141
Cargo Planning144
Load Lines and Zone Limitations146
Cargo Terms150
Loading to Final Draft156
Loading and Discharging Rates156
Review157
Chapter 7Cargo Pumps
Kinetic Pumps161
Positive-Displacement Pumps and Eductors175
Review180
Chapter 8Cargo Transfer Operations
Regulations182
Operations197
Topping-Off Operation200
Finishing Cargo Loading201
Offshore Moorings203
Discharging Operation204
Review209
Chapter 9Chartering and Operations
Vessel Ownership211
Types of Charter Agreements212
The Charter Party213
Terms of the Charter Party215
Pricing224
Freight Rate225
Review228
Chapter 10Vetting Inspections
Inspections229
The Crew's Role in Vetting231
Review237
Chapter 11Ballasting and Deballasting Operations
Ballasting Operations238
Deballasting Operations245
Review249
Chapter 12Tank Cleaning Operations
Equipment253
Crude-Oil-Washing (COW)263
Supplemental Cleaning270
Tank Coatings271
Review273
Chapter 13Enclosed Space Entry
Risks Associated with Enclosed Space Entry274
Gas-Freeing Process278
Testing280
Entry Procedure284
Instrumentation289
Review294
Chapter 14Pollution Regulations
Sources of Pollution from Tank Vessels295
Federal Pollution Legislation296
International Pollution Legislation, MARPOL298
Pollution Reduction Efforts304
Review304
Chapter 15Inert Gas Systems
Sources of Inert Gas307
General Requirements for an Inert Gas System308
System Components308
Emergency Procedures322
Gas Replacement322
Inert Gas Generators324
Nitrogen Systems326
Precautions in the Use of IG Systems327
Review329
Chapter 16Emergency Procedures
Pumproom Rescue331
Oil Spill332
Grounding333
Collision334
Fire--General Guidelines335
Fire--Cargo Manifold335
Fire--Mast or King Post Vent336
Fire--Cargo Pumproom337
AppendixConversion Factors339
Glossary341
Bibliography356
Index359
About The Author And Contributors374

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