Tanker Operations: A Handbook for the Person-in-Charge / Edition 1

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Editorial Reviews

Serving as an introductory guide for the new officer and a reference for the experienced officer, this book covers vessel design and classification, cargo characteristics, oil exploration and refining, cargo piping systems, venting and vapor control, cargo measurement and calculation, cargo pumps, transfer operations, chartering, vetting inspections, ballasting and deballasting, cleaning, enclosed space entry, pollution, inert gas systems, and emergency procedures. An appendix features conversion factors and a glossary. Contributors include maritime academy professors and tanker industry consultants. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780870335280
  • Publisher: Cornell Maritime Press, Inc.
  • Publication date: 10/1/2010
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 392
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface To The Fourth Edition xiii
Preface To The First Edition xvii
Chapter 1 Tank Vessel Design and Classification
Oil Tanker 3
Parcel Tanker 10
Combination Carrier 13
Barges 16
Barriers 18
Classification 19
Development of the Supertanker 23
Review 23
Chapter 2 Cargo Characteristics
Bulk Liquid Cargoes 24
Properties of Petroleum 25
Flammability Characteristics of Bulk Liquid Cargoes 26
Avoidance of the Flammable Range 29
Classification of Petroleum 31
Cargo Weight, Capacity, and Flow 32
Toxicity--Measurement and Regulations 35
Sources of Cargo Information 37
Hazards 40
Review 50
Chapter 3 Oil Exploration and the Refining Process
Drilling 52
Processing and Transporting 55
Crude Oil 56
Refining 59
Building Products 62
Blending 63
Review 63
Chapter 4 Cargo Piping Systems
Bottom Piping 64
Deck Piping 70
Cargo Hoses 78
Cargo Transfer 80
Pumproom Piping 85
Basic Valve Types 87
Special Valves 91
Blanks 95
Review 96
Chapter 5 Venting Systems and Vapor Control Operations
Controlled Venting Systems 98
Development of Vapor Control Systems 104
Vapor Control System Components 105
Closed Gauging 108
High/Low Vapor Pressure Protection 111
Operations 112
Review 120
Chapter 6 Cargo Measurement and Calculation
The Purpose of Cargo Measurement 121
Parties Involved 122
Terms of Sale 122
Measurement Equipment 123
Tank Structure and Measurement 125
Measurement Procedures 130
Equipment Use 134
Preloading Inspection and Measurement 134
Postloading Inspection and Measurement 136
Predischarge Inspection and Measurement 140
Postdischarge Inspection and Measurement 141
Cargo Calculation 141
Cargo Planning 144
Load Lines and Zone Limitations 146
Cargo Terms 150
Loading to Final Draft 156
Loading and Discharging Rates 156
Review 157
Chapter 7 Cargo Pumps
Kinetic Pumps 161
Positive-Displacement Pumps and Eductors 175
Review 180
Chapter 8 Cargo Transfer Operations
Regulations 182
Operations 197
Topping-Off Operation 200
Finishing Cargo Loading 201
Offshore Moorings 203
Discharging Operation 204
Review 209
Chapter 9 Chartering and Operations
Vessel Ownership 211
Types of Charter Agreements 212
The Charter Party 213
Terms of the Charter Party 215
Pricing 224
Freight Rate 225
Review 228
Chapter 10 Vetting Inspections
Inspections 229
The Crew's Role in Vetting 231
Review 237
Chapter 11 Ballasting and Deballasting Operations
Ballasting Operations 238
Deballasting Operations 245
Review 249
Chapter 12 Tank Cleaning Operations
Equipment 253
Crude-Oil-Washing (COW) 263
Supplemental Cleaning 270
Tank Coatings 271
Review 273
Chapter 13 Enclosed Space Entry
Risks Associated with Enclosed Space Entry 274
Gas-Freeing Process 278
Testing 280
Entry Procedure 284
Instrumentation 289
Review 294
Chapter 14 Pollution Regulations
Sources of Pollution from Tank Vessels 295
Federal Pollution Legislation 296
International Pollution Legislation, MARPOL 298
Pollution Reduction Efforts 304
Review 304
Chapter 15 Inert Gas Systems
Sources of Inert Gas 307
General Requirements for an Inert Gas System 308
System Components 308
Emergency Procedures 322
Gas Replacement 322
Inert Gas Generators 324
Nitrogen Systems 326
Precautions in the Use of IG Systems 327
Review 329
Chapter 16 Emergency Procedures
Pumproom Rescue 331
Oil Spill 332
Grounding 333
Collision 334
Fire--General Guidelines 335
Fire--Cargo Manifold 335
Fire--Mast or King Post Vent 336
Fire--Cargo Pumproom 337
Appendix Conversion Factors 339
Glossary 341
Bibliography 356
Index 359
About The Author And Contributors 374
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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 19, 2003

    Need more like this one

    I want to thanks Mr:Huber for this excellent book ,and the well and simple way that the book does explain the general and particular of the tanking operation , I work in a tank barge and I always carry this book with me . Thanks. Marino

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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 26, 2002

    Petroleum Engineering Students at Texas A&M give it FIVE starts

    This book has been the BEST resource to understanding oil tanker systems and procedures. Huber and Marton do an incredible job pointing out what is realistically required of a person to run an oil tanker in ANY situation. For those who are not marine engineers, this book is easy to read and understand. All marine terminology is defined in the book. It is nice how Huber and Marton took into consideration those who do not understand marine engineering. We promise you will ALWAYS refer to this book first while you complete your research, case studies, and reports. Anyone who is interested in oil tankers MUST purchase this book!!!

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