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Adventure is currently enjoying enormous interest in public culture. The image of Tarzan provides a rewarding lens through which to explore this phenomenon. In their day, Edgar Rice Burrough's novels enjoyed great popularity because Tarzan represented the consummate colonial-era adventurer: a white man whose noble civility enabled him to communicate with and control savage peoples and animals. The contemporary Tarzan of movies and cartoons is in many ways just as popular, but carries different connotations. Tarzan is now the consummate "eco-tourist:" a cosmopolitan striving to live in harmony with nature, using appropriate technology, and helpful to the natives who cannot seem to solve their own problems. Tarzan is still an icon of adventure, because like all adventurers, his actions have universal qualities: doing something previously untried, revealing the previously undiscovered, and experiencing the unadulterated. Prominent anthropologists have come together in this volume to reflect on various aspects of this phenomenon and to discuss contemporary forms of adventure.
Luis Vivanco is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Vermont. His research focuses on the cultural politics of environmentalism and ecotourism in Latin America. He is author of Green Encounters: Shaping and Contesting Environmentalism in Rural Costa Rica (Berghahn Books, 2006).
Robert Gordon is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Vermont. He is author of numerous books and articles, including The Bushman Myth: The Making of a Namibian Underclass and Picturing Bushmen: The Denver African Expedition of 1925.
|Ch. 2||Simmel and Frazer : the adventure and the adventurer||27|
|Ch. 3||Adventure in the Zeitgeist, adventures in reality : Simmel, Tarzan, and beyond||43|
|Ch. 4||Tarzan and the lost races : anthropology and early science fiction||58|
|Ch. 5||Avant-garde or savant-garde : the eco-tourist as Tarzan||75|
|Ch. 6||They sold adventure : Martin and Osa Johnson in the New Hebrides||93|
|Ch. 7||Jacare : Cold War warrior from the jungles of the Amazon||111|
|Ch. 8||The work of environmentalism in an age of televisual adventures||125|
|Ch. 9||Five miles out : communion and commodification among the mountaineers||147|
|Ch. 10||Crampons and cook pots : the democratization and feminizations of adventure on Aconcagua||161|
|Ch. 11||The toughest job you'll ever love : the Peace Corps as adventure||179|
|Ch. 12||Doing Africa : travelers, adventures, and American conquest of Africa||197|
|Ch. 13||"Oh shucks, here comes UNTAG!" : peacekeeping as adventure in Namibia||217|
|Ch. 14||A head for adventure||235|
|Ch. 15||Riding herd on the new world order : spectacular adventuring and U.S. imperialism||257|
|Ch. 16||Adventure and regulation in contemporary anthropological fieldwork||270|