Task Groups in the Social Services

Task Groups in the Social Services

by Marian F. Fatout, Steven R. Rose
     
 

ISBN-10: 0803954492

ISBN-13: 9780803954496

Pub. Date: 02/23/1995

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Collective problem-solving: a powerful and effective means of assessing a situation, determining a course of action, and accomplishing goals. In the realm of social services, this formidable method has been evidenced in the development of task groups; and in the textbook arena, it is clearly and definitively presented in Task Groups in the Social Services. Focusing on

Overview

Collective problem-solving: a powerful and effective means of assessing a situation, determining a course of action, and accomplishing goals. In the realm of social services, this formidable method has been evidenced in the development of task groups; and in the textbook arena, it is clearly and definitively presented in Task Groups in the Social Services. Focusing on the role of the social worker, the authors consider such aspects as the recruitment and composition of groups, participation as a team member, and dealing with problem behaviors within the group. Selected problem-solving approaches, including brainstorming, societal judgment analysis, and the Delphi technique, are evaluated in terms of both process and outcome. From implementation through achievement, the merits and methods of application for a variety of task groups are assayed.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780803954496
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
02/23/1995
Series:
SAGE Sourcebooks for the Human Services Series, #30
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Overview of the Bookx
Outline of the Bookxi
Acknowledgmentsxiii
Part IThe Nature of Task Groups in the Social Services
1.The History of Task Groups in the Social Services3
Historical Foundations3
Emerging Links Between Theory and Practice5
Professional Developments7
Early Developments Within Group Work8
Differentiation Within Group Work11
Recent Historical Context13
Conclusion15
2.The Variety of Task Groups Utilized16
Task and Maintenance in Groups16
Types of Task Groups18
Conclusion26
Part IIThe Professional Practitioner's Role in Task Groups
3.Planning, Composing, and Recruiting a Task Group31
Planning the Task Group32
Composing the Task Group38
Recruiting the Task Group Members42
Conclusion45
4.The Professional's Role on the Social Service Team46
Purposes and Functions of Teams47
Teams and Organizations47
Team Functioning and Small Group Processes53
Developmental Stages of Teams57
Conclusion60
5.The Practitioner's Responsibilities for the Functioning of Task Groups62
Task Group Dynamics62
Stages of Task Group Development67
Strategies and Functions for the Practitioner's Use72
Conclusion74
6.Handling Problematic Behaviors of the Task Group, Subgroups, and Members75
Agendas76
Conflicts77
Social Loafing84
Polarization and Depolarization86
Deindividuation87
Groupthink88
Problematic Member Behavior in the Task Group92
Conclusion94
Part IIIProblem-Solving Techniques
7.The Problem-Solving Process97
The Task Group as a Site for Problem Solving97
Types of Problems Addressed98
Steps of the Problem-Solving Process104
Conclusion108
8.Small Group Decision-Making Procedures110
Characteristics of Decisions and Decision Making111
Decision-Making Methods116
Obstacles to Decision Making119
Alternative Decision-Making Techniques122
After the Decisions Are Made124
Conclusion126
9.Large Group Decision-Making Procedures127
Parliamentary Procedure128
Phillips 66130
Crawford Slip Writing133
Ideawriting or Brainwriting134
Delphi Technique138
Conclusion142
10.Methods of Evaluating Composition, Process, and Outcome in Task Groups143
Purposes of Evaluation144
Temporal and Spatial Context of Evaluation146
Types of Task Group Evaluations148
Evaluation Process153
Conclusion154
References156
Index168
About the Authors178

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