TCP/IP for Windows 2000

TCP/IP for Windows 2000

by Dave Houde, Timothy Hoffman

The hands-on, Windows 2000-focused guide to TCP/IP.

Running TCP/IP on Windows 2000 presents unique challenges and opportunities that simply don't apply in other environments. Now there's a book that explains TCP/IP from a Windows 2000 point of view. TCP/IP for Windows 2000 explains fundamental TCP/IP concepts with exceptional detail and clarity, and


The hands-on, Windows 2000-focused guide to TCP/IP.

Running TCP/IP on Windows 2000 presents unique challenges and opportunities that simply don't apply in other environments. Now there's a book that explains TCP/IP from a Windows 2000 point of view. TCP/IP for Windows 2000 explains fundamental TCP/IP concepts with exceptional detail and clarity, and delivers practical, hands-on guidance for planning and deploying TCP/IP using Windows 2000 and Active Directory. From addressing to routing, architecture to troubleshooting, this book's step-by-step procedures and exercises will give the skill you need to deploy and maintain any Windows 2000 TCP/IP network.

  • A detailed, Windows-focused overview of TCP/IP's capabilities and architecture
  • Key concepts and techniques for IP addressing and routing
  • Detailed, step-by-step coverage of deploying DNS and DHCP
  • Proven solutions for integrating DNS with Windows 2000 Active Directory
  • Implementing Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS)—in depth, from start to finish
  • Building secure VPNs with Windows 2000
  • Running NetBIOS over TCP/IP
  • Using WINS in mixed environments with older Windows clients

TCP/IP for Windows 2000 offers detailed procedures for every key Windows 2000 TCP/IP network administration task: what to click, where to find it, and how to customize your network to your unique needs. Whether you're building from scratch, migrating from NT4, or introducing Windows 2000 into a heterogeneous environment, you won't find a more useful book.

Editorial Reviews

Introducing basic TCP/IP concepts and offering an overview of Windows 2000 and Active Directory, this book describes the procedures for network administration. The book covers IP addressing, subnetting, IP routing, implementing Windows Internet name service, network browsing, connectivity, management protocol, and troubleshooting. It also describes the principles of TC/IP architecture, NetBIOS over TCP/IP, host name resolution, domain name system, DNS, IPSec, and RRAS. Houde is an engineer. Hoffman is a trainer and consultant. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

Product Details

Pearson Education
Publication date:
Prentice Hall Microsoft Technology Series
Product dimensions:
7.01(w) x 9.23(h) x 1.47(d)

Read an Excerpt

Chapter 1: Introduction to TCP/IP

In this chapter we will look at the terminology of TCP/IP, its history and perspectives. We will speak about installation of TCP/IP on a Windows 2000 computer and briefly cover major TCP/IP utilities that are used to test the installation. We will also discuss Microsoft Network Monitor, which helps you diagnose and trou-bleshoot many TCP/IP related problems.

TCP/IP Basics

TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol and it's an industry-standard suite of protocols designed for wide area networks (WANs). Since the Internet is an example of a WAN, we can say that TCP/IP is the protocol suite for the Internet also. The most common mistake is to think that TCP/IP is one protocol or two (TCP and IP). As we will see, the TCP/IP abbreviation implies several protocols. Among them are some that you might already have heard about: HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) which is used to navigate World Wide Web, FTP (File Transfer Protocol) protocol that provides reliable file transfer over the Internet, and SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) which supports email communications. Some of the protocols that are included in the TCP/IP suite are quite exotic, for example ICMP, SNMP, and TFTP.

Although many of the ideas associated with TCP/IP are quite new, the technology itself has been with us for a relatively long time....

Standards and How They Appear

As you can see, TCP/IP has a rich history. Today, TCP/IP is often associated with the Internet. Its architecture and design are closely bound with Internet advances and growth. Since, however, there is no organization that owns the Internet, you might ask how this whole system is controlled. There are organizations that are responsible for setting up standards and controlling the advance of the TCP/IP technologies. Some examples are The Internet Society and The Internet Architecture Board.

Internet Society (ISOC)
The Internet SOCiety ( is a professional membership society with more than 150 organizational and 6,000 individual members in over 100 countries. It provides leadership in addressing issues that confront the future of the Internet, and is the organization home for the groups responsible for Internet infrastructure standards, including the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Internet Architecture Board (IAB). ISOC's members are bound by a common stake in maintaining the viability and global scaling of the Internet. They comprise the companies, government agencies, and foundations that have created the Internet and its technologies as well as innovative entrepreneurial organizations contributing to maintain that dynamic. The Society is governed by its board of trustees elected by its membership around the world.

Internet Architecture Board
The IAB is a technical advisory group of ISOC. Some issues discussed during IAB meetings are:
  • The future of Internet addressing
  • Architectural principles of the Internet
  • Management of top level domains in the Domain Name System
  • International character sets
  • Charging for addresses
The IAB governs the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) (http://, Internet Assigned Number Authority (IANA) (, and Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) (http://

Requests for Comments
You may wonder how the groups' decisions are documented. Requests for Comments (RFCs) are a series of notes, started in 1969, about the Internet (originally the ARPANET). The notes discuss many aspects of computing and computer communication focusing on networking protocols, procedures, programs, and concepts, but also include meeting notes, opinion, and sometimes humor. TCP/IP standards are always published as RFCs.


Although TCP/IP standards are always published as RFCs, not all RFCs specify standards. Some of them have Limited use or even Not recommended status.

When a document is published, it is assigned an RFC number. The original RFC number is never updated, but when changes are required, a new RFC is issued with a new number. Therefore, when you are looking for information in RFCs, be sure that you have the most recent one.


You can find the text of the RFCs at You can also find links to RFC sites as well as a wealth of Internet information at

Advantages of TCP/IP

As TCP/IP has become the industry standard protocol suite, many software vendors have included TCP/IP support in their products. Let's take a closer look at the Microsoft implementation of TCP/IP. Because of its myriad advantages, TCP/IP is the default protocol for Windows 2000. This text will explore the advantages that drove Microsoft to select TCP/IP for that role.

Modern networks are large and complex. They are connected with routers and need reliable protocols to communicate. Implementing TCP/IP in a corporate network gives you a standard, routable environment. Since TCP/IP offers robust, scalable architecture, you can easily expand your network. This is why most of today's large networks rely on TCP/IP.

Imagine a large enterprise network with hundreds of computers, many of which work under different operating systems such as Microsoft Windows NT, Windows 2000, UNIX, and Novell NetWare. The typical problem is to connect all these computers so users can seamlessly exchange information. Obviously, this situation requires common protocols as well as connectivity utilities and tools to access and transfer data. Since TCP/IP is supported by all modern operating systems, it has become the logical choice when connecting dissimilar systems. In addition to a common network protocol, however, compatible applications are needed on both ends. Microsoft TCP/IP includes useful utilities that provide access to foreign hosts for data transfer, monitoring, and remote control. For example: FTP, tracert, and telnet.

Remember, also, that the Internet is based on TCP/IP. The TCP/IP protocol running on a Windows 2000 computer allows it to gain Internet access (assuming, of course, it has physical connectivity to the Internet)....

Meet the Author

Dave Houde is senior engineer for Alida Connection, a leading technology training and consulting firm based in Nashua, NH.

Tim Hoffman is President of Alida Connection.

Together, they have co-authored three Prentice Hall PTR books: MCSE: Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/IP on Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, MCSE: Implementing and Supporting Microsoft Proxy Server 2.0, and Network+ Certification.

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