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|1||Introducing Windows 98||1|
|2||Navigating the Windows 98 Desktop||12|
|3||Subscribing to Channels and Working Offline||22|
|4||Working with Windows||35|
|5||Using Toolbars and Menus||46|
|6||Using Dialog Boxes||55|
|7||Using Windows 98 Help||59|
|8||Customizing the Appearance of Windows 98||67|
|9||Customizing Other Attributes of Windows 98||79|
|10||Drive, Folder, and File Management Options||86|
|11||Viewing Drives, Folders, and Files||94|
|12||Selecting, Copying, and Moving Files and Folders||104|
|13||Creating, Deleting, Renaming, and Finding Files and Folders||112|
|14||Formatting, Naming, and Copying Floppy Disks||120|
|15||Installing and Uninstalling Windows 98 Applications||126|
|16||Using Windows 98 Applications||129|
|17||Creating a Document with WordPad||138|
|18||Creating Graphics with Paint||145|
|19||Working with Sound and Video||150|
|20||Using Other Accessories||157|
|21||Running DOS Applications||161|
|22||Printing with Windows 98||165|
|24||Using Internet Explorer||181|
|25||Searching for and Saving Web Page Locations||186|
|26||Sending and Receiving Mail with Outlook Express||194|
|27||Using Outlook Express News||204|
|28||Using Network Neighborhood||209|
|A||Configuring the Modem and Other Hardware Settings||214|
|B||Configuring for the Internet or an Online Service||219|
[Figures are not included in this sample chapter]
In this lesson, you'll learn about the Web and how it fits into Windows 98.
In addition, you'll learn how to display Web content on your Desktop and how to customize
that display to fit your needs.
The Internet is a vast worldwide network of networks that connects various businesses,
government offices, universities, research centers, and so on. Through the Internet,
you can access data from these networks, such as scientific research, sales and product
information, and travel and weather data.
You connect to the Internet through an Internet service provider (ISP). You can
connect to an ISP via a modem (called a dial-up connection) or through your
company's network (a direct connection). If you need help setting up your
Internet connection, see Appendix B, "Configuring for the Internet or an Online
The World Wide Web supports the transmission of graphics, sound, animations, and
formatted text--unlike other parts of the Internet, which are strictly text-based.
Thus, the part of the Internet you'll visit most often will probably be the Web.
To view Web pages (the documents that make up the World Wide Web), you need a
Web browser. Windows 98 comes with Internet Explorer, a popular Web browser from
Microsoft; however, you might want to use Netscape Communicator from Netscape Communication
Corporation instead. Both are compatible with Windows 98. In Lessons 24 and 25, you'll
learn how to use Internet Explorer. If you decide to use Netscape Communicator, you'll
find that the general Web searching techniques described in Lessons 24 and 25 apply
to it as well.
Most Web browsers (including Internet Explorer and Netscape Communicator) have
components that handle the non-WWW elements of the Internet, so you won't have to
install a bunch of special programs in order to send and receive email or visit newsgroups.
For example, you'll learn how to use Outlook Express to send and receive email and
to view newsgroups in Lessons 26 and 27.
As you learned in Lesson 2, "Navigating the Windows 98 Desktop," Windows
98 offers two different Desktop options. The Active Desktop lets you display active
(live) Web content on your Desktop, where it is easily accessible. To select the
content you want to display, you set up a subscription. A subscription allows
you to obtain current information from an Internet source. The information is refreshed
right on your Desktop at intervals you select.
You can display the contents of various channels or the contents of a conventional
Web page on your Desktop. A channel is a special Web page that can update
itself, changing the Desktop display by constantly adding up-to-date information.
The Active Desktop uses push technology--the idea being that, through channels,
businesses on the Web can automatically push their information to your computer instead
of your having to log onto their Web site and pull the data down.
Pay to Play? Currently, it costs you nothing to subscribe to most
channels, although that might change in the near future.
MSNBC is an example of one channel to which you might subscribe. You can select
from many different kinds of channels with the Channel bar. A subscription (a live,
constantly updated Web page) is typically displayed in a full-screen window, although
you can resize the window to display other subscriptions at the same time if you
In addition, Microsoft offers many Active Desktop items (such as stock tickers
and weather displays) through its Active Desktop Gallery. A Desktop item is displayed
in a small window on the Desktop (see Figure 3.1). Note you have to remain connected
to the Internet to maintain live channel or Active Desktop item content on your Active
You can also display a static (conventional) Web page (one that doesn't
automatically update) on your Desktop. For example, if you find a Web page you like,
you might want to view it on your Desktop. Such a page can automatically be downloaded
to your system once a day (or following whatever schedule you prefer). After the
page has been updated for the day, its contents on your Active Desktop don't change.
When you first display the Active Desktop, it contains no active Web content.
To select what you want to display, you subscribe to either a channel or a static
Web page. You can add as many Active Desktop items to the Desktop as you want.
Connect First In order to complete these steps, you must have already
established your Internet connection. See Appendix B for help.
To subscribe to a channel, follow these steps:
FIGURE 3.1 To subscribe to a channel, select it from the
Internet Explorer Channel bar.
Channel Selector To view all the channels available to you, select
Channel Guide from the Channel bar. Internet Explorer downloads the current list
of channel categories. Click a category such as Sports, and a list of channels appears.
Additional channels can be viewed by selecting the ranges of numbers in the Findings
column. Select the channel you want to add by clicking its logo.
FIGURE 3.2 Select how or if you want the channel to be updated.
Initially, channels appear full-screen on the Desktop. To reduce them to the size
of a window, click the Full Screen button on the toolbar at the top of the screen.
You can then resize the window as needed in order to view more than one channel at
Some channels offer an option for adding a Desktop item as well. Follow these
You can move Active Desktop items. Move the mouse pointer to the top of the item's
window, and a title bar appears. Click this title bar, click and hold the mouse button,
and drag the window wherever you like.
You might also prefer to remove the Desktop icons in order to make more room for
Web content. To do so, right-click the Desktop and select Properties. Click the Effects
tab and select the option Hide icons when the desktop is viewed as a Web page. Click
You can easily customize when a channel is updated to your system through the
Customize option that appears in the Modify Channel Usage dialog box. Follow these
You can change the update schedule of an existing subscription by right-clicking
its logo on the Channel bar and selecting Properties. Click the Schedule tab, and
then make the appropriate selections on the tab to change the schedule.
In addition to subscribing to a channel, you can select items from Microsoft's
Active Desktop Gallery for use on your Desktop. You can also display the contents
of a static Web page on your Desktop. Simply follow these steps:
FIGURE 3.3 Adding a Web page or Gallery item to the Desktop.
FIGURE 3.4 Adding a static Web page to the Desktop.
In Lesson 8, "Customizing the Appearance of Windows 98," you'll learn
how to select a color or a graphic image for use as your Desktop background. You
can also use a Web page as your Desktop if you like. However, unlike channels, the
Web page won't be automatically updated on your Desktop when the live Web page changes
on the Web.
First, download a copy of a Web page to your hard disk (using the File | Save
As command in your Web browser), and then select the page from those listed on the
Screen Saver tab of the Display Properties dialog box. See Lesson 8 for more details.
If you have a dial-up (modem) connection to the Internet, you probably won't be
connected to the Internet at all times. Whenever you're not connected, you're considered
to be working offline.
When you select a channel or perform any other Web-related task when you're not
currently connected to the Internet, you'll see a dialog box prompting you to connect.
To continue working offline, click the Work Offline button.
When you work offline, your subscriptions won't be updated. You can update them
manually by connecting to the Internet, right-clicking the Desktop, selecting Active
Desktop from the shortcut menu, and selecting Update Now from the cascading menu
(or you can select it from the Start menu--Start | Settings |
Active Desktop | Update Now.
You can also manage your subscriptions with the Scheduled Tasks accessory, which
you'll learn more about in Lesson 23, "Disk Management." For now, follow
FIGURE 3.5 You can update all or just one of your subscriptions.
Update Automatically If you connect to the Internet through your
modem, you can tell Windows to log onto the Internet when needed and to update your
subscriptions automatically. See the section "Customizing a Subscription"
You can also update a subscription by right-clicking its logo on the Channel bar
and selecting Update Now.
After setting up a subscription, you might want to unsubscribe to it (cancel it).
(To change the update schedule for an existing subscription, see the section "Customizing
a Subscription.") Follow these steps:
Rather than unsubscribing to it, you can temporarily hide an Active Desktop item
by following these steps:
In this lesson, you learned about the Internet as it relates to the Active Desktop.
You learned how to subscribe to channels, Gallery items, and static Web pages. You
also learned how to adjust schedules for updating Web content is updated and how
to remove Web items from your Active Desktop. In the next lesson, you'll learn how
to open, close, resize, and move windows.