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Engage and enlighten students by skillfully guiding them through thought-provoking classroom discussions using these straightforward strategies.
Preface Acknowledgments About the Authors Part I: Getting Started: The "Science" of Leading Discussions
1. The Fundamentals of Facilitating Why Have Student Centered Discussions?
Essential Ingredients of a Student-Centered, Text-based Discussion, aka “Seminar”
The Architecture of a Discussion Frequently Asked Questions and Tips for Beginners Tips for Beginners References PART II: Becoming a Skillful Facilitator: The “Art and Magic” of Leading Discussions
2. Safety Recognizing Safety Issues Tone of the Discussion Atmosphere of Safety and Respect Creating a Culture of Inquiry The Danger of Sarcasm Feedback During Seminar A Climate of Respect
3. Authentic Participation Recognizing Authentic Participation Issues Attention-Seeking Participation Text-Focused Participation Reflective Activity Assessing Pauses in Conversation Facilitator is Not the Focus
4. Challenge Recognizing Challenge Issues Assessing Understanding Off-Topic Conversation Repetitive Ideas and Statements Idea-Hopping Challenging Ideas
5. Ownership Recognizing Ownership Issues Avoiding Anarchy Facilitator Releasing Control Student-Driven Discussions
6. The Seminar Decision-Making Model Steps of the Decision-Making Process Identifying the Issue Identifying Possible Causes Match to Primary Fulcrum Identifying and Applying Possible Strategies Determine Effectiveness of Strategy and Next Steps PART III: Improving Student-Centered Discussions
7. Strategies for Ongoing Improvement Across All the Fulcrums Reflection Seminar Mapping Teaching the Fulcrums to Students Fishbowl Seminar Folders Videotape Assessment Peer Planning Peer Coaching Case Study
8. Strategies for Improving Specific Fulcrums Safety Seminar Ground Rules Assigned Seats Yellow Card, Red Card Ejection Time-out Write Before You Talk Role Play Stop and Try Again Building Safety Outside Seminar Role Play Have Seminars More Frequently Ask The Students Authentic Participation Heads-Up Question Pair-Share Round Robin Inviting Quiet People to Speak Reflective Writing Follow-up Writing Positive Reinforcement Connections Question Again Pair Share/Write During Seminar Silence Map Connections Challenge Where in the Text?
Ask Follow-Up Questions Paraphrase and Probe Pair-Share/Write during Seminar Pre-Seminar Choosing a Different Type of Text Good Questions Ownership Relinquish the Reins Self-assessment Wait Time Favorite Text Phenomenon Eye Contact Don’t Be Afraid—Drive Turn-Taking Look Around the Circle Resource A – Training Guides Using the Fulcrums for Professional Development Working with Groups of Teachers New Facilitators Experienced Facilitators Working on Your Own/Working with Individual Teachers Individual Teachers Resource B – Reproducibles Index