Teachers, Schools, and Society with Student CD / Edition 9

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Overview

The most reader friendly text in its field, the ninth edition presents a comprehensive overview of education in America. It provides in-depth commentary on educational history, philosophy, and governance, while giving special attention to current critical topics such as the changing federal role in educational finance.

Newly revised for this edition, Chapter 4 (Life in School and at Home) now includes obesity, eating disorders, and a revised section on poverty. A major revision of Chapter 5, now titled Reforming America's Schools, includes updates from the stimulus plan based on new reports on federal programs and new funding formulas. Chapter 6 on Curriculum, Standards and Testing has a new section on emerging trends in the curriculum.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780077377489
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 12/2/2009
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 9
  • Pages: 473
  • Sales rank: 326,291
  • Product dimensions: 8.20 (w) x 10.20 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

David Sadker has taught in middle and senior high schools, as well as at the college level, and has been a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Parkside and American University (Washington, DC) for more than three decades. He and his late wife Myra Sadker, gained a national reputation for research and publications concerning the impact of gender in schools. (To learn more about Myra’s life and work, visit www.sadker.org). Dr. Sadker has degrees from CCNY, Harvard University, and the University of Massachusetts. He has written several books and numerous articles in both professional and popular journals. He co-authored Failing at Fairness: How Our Schools Cheat Girls, (Touchstone Press in 1995), and his research has been reported in hundreds of newspapers and magazines including USA Today, USA Weekend, Parade Magazine, Business Week, The Washington Post, The London Times, The New York Times, Time, and Newsweek. He has appeared on local and national television and radio shows such as The Today Show, Good Morning America, The Oprah Winfrey Show, Phil Donahue’s The Human Animal, National Public Radio’s All Things Considered and Talk of the Nation, and twice on Dateline: NBC with Jane Pauley. The Sadkers received the American Educational Research Association’s award for the best review of research published in the United States (1991), their professional service award in 1995, and their Willystine Goodsell award in 2004. The Sadkers were recognized with the Eleanor Roosevelt Award from The American Association of University Women in 1995, and the Gender Architect Award from the American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education in 2001. David Sadker has received two honorary doctorates.

Karen R. Zittleman came to American University as a graduate student, worked with Dr. Sadker on gender equity research, then began researching teacher education issues, and now has graduated to co-author of this text. Karen brings both energy and insights to this textbook. Karen attended the University of Wisconsin for her bachelor’s degree, and American University for her master’s and doctorate. She teaches at American University’s School of Education, and has been a virtual teacher for several courses offered online through the Women’s Educational Equity Act. Her articles about gender, Title IX, and teacher education appear in the Journal of Teacher Education, Educational Leadership, Phi Delta Kappan, Principal and other professional journals. She is a contributing author to Teaching and Gender Equity: Foundations, Skills, Methods and Strategies (Lawrence Erlbaum publishers), and has created several equity websites. Karen has also authored Making Public Schools Great for Every Girl and Boy, an instructional guide on promoting equity in math and science instruction (National Educational Association), and educational film guides for A Hero for Daisy and Apple Pie: Raising Champions. She is project manager for Myra Sadker Advocates. Karen’s research interests have focused on educational equity, foundations of education, teacher preparation, and spirituality in education.

Myra Pollack Sadker (1943-1995) pioneered much of the research documenting gender bias in America's schools. She was Professor of Education and Dean of the School of Education at American University. She died while undergoing treatment for breast cancer in 1995. Through her writings and lectures, Myra Sadker alerted Americans to the academic, physical, psychological and career costs of sexism. She wrote the first book for teachers on the issue of sexism in 1973. Over twenty years later, in 1994, she coauthored the first popular book on this topic: Failing at Fairness: How America's Schools Cheat Girls. Between these two publications, Myra Sadker brought her cause for educational equity to a national audience. Along with her husband David, Myra Sadker spoke in more than forty states and overseas, giving hundreds of presentations and workshops for teachers and parents concerned with the negative impact of sexist behaviors. She wrote scores of articles on how to raise and teach children free from the debilitating impact of sexism. In her name, Myra Sadker Advocates was established to continue her efforts and create more equitable and effective schools. You are invited to learn more about Myra’s contributions and the work of Myra Sadker Advocates, including Myra Sadker Day – March 5th, by visiting the website established in her name: www.sadker.org.

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Table of Contents

Preface
PART I: Teachers and Students

Chapter 1: Becoming a Teacher

Teaching Career – Is It Right For You?

Professionalism at the Crossroads

From Normal Schools to Board-Certified Teachers

How Teachers are Prepared Today

Views of Teacher Education

Urban Legends about Teaching

American Schools: Better Than We Think?

We Like Questions

The Teachers, Schools and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 2: Different Ways of Learning

Learning Styles

Is Gender a Learning Style?

Gender and Stereotypes

What Does the Gender Debate Teach Us?

Multiple Intelligences

Instructional Technology Assessment

The Five Minds

Emotional Intelligence

Exceptional Learners

The Gifted and Talented

Special Education

Assistive Technology

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 3: Teaching your Diverse Students

Student Diversity

Failing at Fairness

Putting a Price on Racism

Theories of Why Some Groups Succeed and Others Do Not

Bilingual Education

Bilingual Education Models

The Bilingual Controversy

Research on Bilingual Education

Multicultural Education

The Multiculturalism Debate

Approaches to Multicultural Education

Culturally Responsive Teaching

Stereotypes

Stereotype Threat

Generalizations

Today’s Classroom

Meet Your Seventh-Grade Class
Lindsey Maria Riley (Navajo)
Marcus Griffin (African American)
Ana Garcia (Mexican American)
Kasem Pravat (Asian American from Thailand)
Ariel Klein (Jewish American)
Mary Goode (Rural White)
Ibrahim Mouawad (Arab American)
Carlos Martinez (Gay)

Diversity Assets

Teaching Skills

We Are One

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

INTASC Reflective Activities and Your Portfolio: Introduction

INTASC Reflective Activities and Your Portfolio: Part I
PART II: Schools and Curriculum

Chapter 4: Student Life in School and at Home

Rules, Rituals, and Routines

“Come Right Up and Get Your New Books”: A Teacher’s Perspective

“Come Right Up and Get Your New Books”: A Student’s Perspective

Delay and Social Distraction

Watching the Clock

The Teacher as Gatekeeper

The Other Side of the Tracks

The Power of Elementary Peer Groups

Guest of Column: Haunted by Racist Attitudes

The Adolescent Society

Middle School: A Gendered World

High School: Lessons in Social Status

Social Challenges Come to School

Family Patterns

Wage Earners and Parenting

Latchkey Kids

DivorcevAmerica’s New Families

Poverty

Hidden America: Homeless Families

Children: At Promise or At Risk?

Dropping Out

Sexuality and Teenage Pregnancy

Substance Abuse

Youth Suicide

Bullying

Obesity and Eating Disorders

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 5: Reforming America’s Schools

What is the Purpose of School?

Purpose 1: To Transmit Society’s Knowledge and Values (Passing the Cultural Baton)

Purpose 2: Reconstructing Society (Schools as Tools for Change)

Public Demand for Schools

Where Do You Stand?

A History of Educational Reform

School Choice

Charter Schools

Vouchers

Magnet Schools

Open Enrollment

Schools.com

Schools for Profit

Home Schools

Green Schools

Full Service Schools

Teachers, Students, and Reform

The Importance of Trust

Students and School Reform

What Makes a School Effective?

Factor 1: Strong Leadership

Factor 2: A Clear School Mission

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 6: Curriculum, Standards, and Testing

The Faculty Room

The Visible Curriculum

The Two Rs in the Seventeenth Century

Eighteenth Century: Focus on Building a New Nation

A Secularized Curriculum for More Students in the Nineteenth Century

Progressive Education in the First Half of the Twentieth Century

Sputnik in Space and a More Demanding Curriculum, 1950s-1960s

Social Concern and Relevance, 1960s-1970s

Back to Basics, Standards and Testing, 1980s-Today

The Invisible Curriculum

The Extracurriculum

Who and What Shape the Curriculum

Teachers

Parental and Community Groups

Students

Administrators

State Government

Local Government

Colleges and universities

Standardized Tests

Education Commissions and Committees

Professional Organizations

Special Interest Groups

Publishers

Federal Government

The Technology Revolution

Ways Computers are used in the Classroom

The Digital Divide

The Reign of the Textbook

The Standards Movement

No Child Left Behind: Tests and Protests

Test Problems: Seven Reasons Why Standardized Tests Are Not Working

Alternates to High-Stakes Testing

Tension Points

Intelligent Design versus Evolution

Censorship and the Curriculum

Cultural Literacy or Cultural Imperialism?

The Saber-Tooth Curriculum

New Directions for the Curriculum

Enduring Lessons: A Modest Proposal

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

INTASC Reflective Activities and Your Portfolio: Part II
PART III: Foundations

Chapter 7: The History of American Education

Christopher Lamb’s Colonial Classroom

Colonial New England Education: God’s Classrooms

A New Nation Shapes EducationT

he Common School Movement

Native American Tribes: The History of Miseducation

Spinsters, Bachelors, and Gender Barriers in Teaching

The Secondary School Movement

John Dewey and Progressive Education

The Federal Government

Black Americans: The Struggle for a Chance to Learn

Hispanics: Growing School Impact

Mexican American

Puerto Ricans

Cuban Americans

Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders: The Magnitude of Diversity

Chinese Americans

Filipino Americans

Asian Indian Americans

Japanese Americans

Southeast Asian Americans

Arab Americans: Moving Beyond the Stereotypes

Women and Education: A History of Sexism

Hall of Fame: Profiles in Education

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 8: Philosophy of Education

Finding Your Philosophy of Education

Inventory of Philosophies of Education

Interpreting Your Response

Five Philosophies of Education

Teacher-Centered Philosophies

Essentialism

Perennialism

Student-Centered Philosophies

Progressivism

Social Reconstructionism

Existentialism

Can Teachers Blend These Five Philosophies

Psychological Influences on Education

Constructivism

Behaviorism

Cultural Influences on Education

The Three Legendary Figures of Classical Western Philosophy

Basic Philosophical Issues and Concepts

Metaphysics and Epitsemology

Ethics, Political Philosophy, and Aesthetics Logic

Your Turn

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 9: Financing and Governing America's Schools

Follow the Money: Financing America’s Schools

Why Should Teachers Care Where the Money Comes From?

The Property Tax: The Road to Unequal Schools

Reforming Education Finance

From Robin Hood to Adequacy

Does Money Matter?

States Finding the Money

The Federal Government’s Role in Financing Education

The Obama Bounce

Schools, Children, and Commercialism

Commercializing Childhood

Brand Name Education: Should Schools Be Open for Business?

What the Future May Hold for School Finance

Accountability

Choice Program

The Economy’s Impact on School Budgets

The Future of Federal Assistance to Education

Local Fundraising

Decaying Infrastructure

Commercializing Children and Schools

Governing America’s Schools

School Governance Quiz

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 10: School Law and Ethics

Classroom Law

What Is Your Rights Quotient?

I. Teachers’ Rights and Responsibilities

II. Students Rights and Responsibilities

Teaching and Ethics

Protecting Your Students

Moral Education: Programs That Teach Right from Wrong

Classrooms that Explore Ethical Issues

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

INTASC Reflective Activities and your Portfolio: Part III
PART IV: Your Classroom

Chapter 11: Teacher Effectiveness

Are Teachers Born or Made?

Academic Learning Time

Classroom Management

Management Models

Preventing Problems

The Pedagogical Cycle

Clarity and Academic Structure

Questioning

Student Response

Reaction or Productive Feedback

Variety in Process and Content

Technology as a Tool for Effective Teaching

Models for Effective Instruction

Direct Teaching

Cooperative learning

Mastery Learning

Problem-Based Learning

Differentiated Instruction

Some Final Thoughts on Teaching

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 12: Your First Classroom

Stages of Teacher Development

Your First Year: Induction into the Profession

Mentors

Observation

Your First Day: Creating a Productive Classroom Climate

Professional Development Programs

Personalizing Schools

Finding That First Teaching Position

Where to Teach?

Resumes, Portfolios, Online Assessments, and Interviews

Teacher Recognition

Educational Associations

The NEA and the AFT

Professional Associations and Resources

Tomorrow’s Classroom?

The Teachers, Schools, and Society Reader

Key Terms and People

Discussion Questions and Activities

Chapter 13: Q and A Guide to Entering the Teaching Profession

What Are My Chances of Finding a Teaching Position?

Who Are My Teaching Colleagues? What Are the Demographics of Today’s Teachers?

What Are My Chances for Earning a Decent Salary?

Do Private Schools Pay Less than Public Schools?

How Do I Apply for a Teaching Job? Do I Need a Resume or a Portfolio?

How Do I Prepare for a Successful Interview?

What Do I Need in Order to Teach – A License or Certification? By the Way, What’s the Difference?

Who Awards Licenses, and How Do I Get One?

What Type of License Do I need? (You Mean, There’s More Than One?)

What Is an Endorsement?

If I Want to Teach in Another State, Do I need Another Teacher’s License?

What Are “Alternative Routes” to Getting a Teacher’s License?

What Are Teacher Competency Tests?

How Do Teaching Contracts Work?

What Are Some Advantages of Tenure?

What Are Some Disadvantages of Tenure?

Are Untenured Teachers Protected?

Can Principals Be Tenured?

What Teaching Positions Exist in Unique School Settings

What Kinds of Educational Careers Are Available Beyond

Classroom Teaching?

Summary

Key Terms and People

INTASC Reflective Activities and Your Portfolio: Part IV

Appendices

Test Appendices

1: Teacher Competency Exams and Praxis Sample Test Questions

2: State Offices for Teacher Certification and Licensure

Online Appendixes

A: Classroom Observation Guidelines

B: State Offices for Teacher Certification and Licensure

Glossary

Notes

Credits

Index
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