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Teaching in the Middle and Secondary Schools

Ninth Edition

Richard D. Kellough and Jioanna Carjuzaa

Teaching in the Middle and Secondary Schools, Ninth Edition is a highly practical text for pre-service teachers in middle school and secondary methods courses. Readers will find useful, ready-to-use classroom applications for planning instruction, selecting and using instructional strategies, and assessment. Each module includes exercises and posttests.

NEW! Activities. New to this edition, this feature provides information on practical classroom instruction followed by opportunties to apply your knoweldge.

NEW! Teaching Scenarios. Experience situations real teachers face in the classroom and apply chapter concepts to classroom instruction through teaching scenarios located in each chapter.

NEW! Technology Rich Icon. Use this icon to find exercises and activities that include technology integration or can be adapted using technology to support learning, a stronger focus in the ninth edition.

NEW! Exercises for active learning. Exercies in each module help readers continually assess their understanding and skill development. Many of the exercises are now available to complete electronically on the Companion Website for this text at

Updated lesson plan samples. These have been provided by pre-service and in-service teachers, as well as model lessons from teacher educators.

Improved balance of content between middle and secondary schools. Increased emphasis on the middle school as uniquely different from both the high school and the traditional junior high school, as well as how pre- and early adolescence as different from late adolescence.

Competency-based modular format. This format provides learning objectives, content, and integrated practice and reinforcement that ends with an updated posttest assessment of how well the opening objectives have been achieved.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131589742
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 8/4/2008
  • Series: Pearson Custom Education Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 9
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 8.20 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents


MODULE 1 Today's Middle and Secondary Schools: Purpose, Organization, Structure, and Reform

Middle and Secondary Schools

Colonial Education: The First Schools

The Advent of Secondary Education: The Forerunners of Today's High Schools

Funding for Public Secondary Education

The Creation of Junior High Schools

The Creation of Middle Schools

The Changing Purpose of Education

Reform Initiatives

Early Reform Efforts

Goals 2000

No Child Left Behind

Reforming Middle Schools

Today's Middle and Secondary Schools

Organizing Education to Meet Students' Needs

Structuring Schools to Meet Students' Needs

Modifying the Curriculum to Facilitate Student Learning

Embracing Student Diversity to Meet Students' Needs

Preparing Teachers to Teach in a Diverse Classroom

Decision-Making and Thought-Processing Phases of Instruction

Accessing Community Resources to Meet Students' Needs: Telecommunications Networks, Members of the Community, and Parent Organizations

The Emergent Overall Picture

Your Emerging Teaching Style

Module 2 Middle and Secondary School Students


Culture and Its Impact on Education

The Classroom in a Nation of Increasing Diversity

Styles of Learning and Implications for Teaching

The Learning Cycle

Learning Capacities: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Meeting the Challenge: Recognizing and Providing for Student Differences

Instructional Practices That Provide for Student Differences: General Guidelines

Recognizing and Working with Exceptional Students

Guidelines for Working with Students with Special Needs in the Regular Classroom

Working with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students

Additional Guidelines for Working with English Language Learners

Best Practices for Promoting Success for All Students

Recognizing and Working with Students Who Are Gifted

Recogning and Working with Students Who Take More Time But Are Willing to Try

Recognizing and Working with Recalcitrant Students

Teaching Toward Positive Character Development



Module 3 Establishing and Maintaining a Safe and Supportive Classroom Learning Environment

The Importance of Perceptions

Classroom Control: Its Meaning - Past and Present

Providing a Supportive Learning Environment

Preparation Provides Confidence and Success

Classroom Procedures and Guidelines for Acceptable Behavior

Using Positive Rewards

Managing Class Meetings

Student Misbehavior

Teacher-Caused Student Misbehavior: Scenarios for Review

Preventing a Ship from Sinking Is Much Easier Than Saving a Sinking One: Mistakes to Avoid

Module 4 Selecting Content and Preparing Objectives

Reasons for Planning Thoughtfully and Thoroughly

Components of Instructional Planning

Planning a Course

Student Textbooks

Multitext and Multireadings Approaches

Other Printed Materials

The Future for School Textbooks

Collaborative Planning

Preparing for the Year

Preparing for and Dealing with Controversy

Aims, Goals, and Objectives: A Clarification

Instructional Objectives and Their Relationship to Curriculum and Assessment

Preparing Instructional Objectives

Classifying Instructional Objectives

Using the Taxonomies

Learning That is Not Immediately Observable

Module 5 Preparing an Instructional Plan

Planning for Instruction: A Three-Level and Seven-Step Process

The Syllabus

The Instructional Unit

Curriculum Integration

Lesson Planning: Rationale and Assumptions

Constructing a Lesson Plan: Format, Components, and Samples

Basic Elements of a Lesson Plan


Module 6 Student-Centered Instructional Strategies

Principles of Classroom Instruction and Learning: A Synopsis

Selecting Learning Activities

The Total Class as a Group Enterprise

Learning in Pairs

Learning in Small Groups

Cooperative Learning

Teaching Thinking for Intelligent Behavior

Inquiry Teaching and Discovery Learning

Project-Centered Learning: Guiding Learning from Independent and Group Investigations, Papers, and Oral Reports

Writing Across the Curriculum

Learning by Educational Games

Integrating Strategies for Integrated Learning

Module 7 Teacher-Centered Instructional Strategies

Teacher Talk: Formal and Informal



Whole-Class Discussion


Equality in the Classroom


Learning from Assignments and Homework

Giving Students a Second Chance

Memorizing and Reviewing: Unavoidable Learning Strategies

Module 8 Media, Aids, and Resources

Printed Materials and Visual Displays

Media Tools

Computers and Computer-Based Instructional Tools

Distance Learning


Module 9 Assessing and Reporting Student Achievement

Purposes and Principles of Assessment

Terms Used in Assessment

Assessing Student Learning: Three Avenues

Student Involvement in Assessment

Maintaining Records of Student Achievement

Grading and Marking Student Achievement

Testing for Achievement

Preparing Assessment Items

Types of Assessment Items: Descriptions, Examples, and Guidelines for Preparing and Using Them

Reporting Student Achievement

More About Parental Involvement and Home-School Connections

Module 10 Self-Assessment of Teaching and Continued Professional Development

Professional Development Through Field Experiences

Finding a Teaching Position

Professional Development Through Reflection and Self-Assessment

Professional Development Through Mentoring

Professional Development Through In-Service and Advanced Study

Professional Development Through Participation in Professional Organizations

Professional Development Through Communications with Other Teachers

Professional Development Through Summer and Off-Teaching Work Experience

Professional Development Through Micro Peer-Teaching

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