Technology and Values: Essential Readings / Edition 1

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Overview

Technology and Values is a comprehensive anthology featuring essays and book excerpts written by pre-eminent figures in the field. With writings spanning the early twentieth century up to present day, this is a collection of in-depth readings on key technological issues everything from biomedical and environmental concerns to the everyday use of computers and other forms of technology.

A one-of-a-kind resource tool, it is specifically designed to help readers make the important connections between abstract themes and concrete applications for both the individual and society. Accessible to the undergraduate, yet thorough enough for graduates and academics, this is an ideal text for courses in technology and society, philosophy of technology, and numerous other technology-related classes.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Overall, Technology and Values represents an excellent collection of readings, ranging from classical yet ever timely readings on the nature of technology itself, to cutting edge articles on recent technological developments in the applied sphere. Due to its unique broad and comprehensive coverage of the subject matter, coupled with its comprehensive bibliography, this book is an excellent tool for both graduate and undergraduate courses.” (Agric Hum Values, 2011)

"For its size and scope this collection docs a remarkable job of addressing a critical need for greater scholarly and public attention to questions of technology and values in contemporary culture. It is a rich and versatile resource for anyone interested in such questions, and this reviewer hopes that future editions will only improve on its virtues." (Technology and Culture, April 2010)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405149013
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/4/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 560
  • Sales rank: 1,294,804
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Craig Hanks is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Texas State University-San Marcos, where he is past-chair of the Institutional Review Board. He was previously at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, and was Visiting Professor of Philosophy at the Stevens Institute of Technology. He specializes in philosophy of technology and applied philosophy, and has taught courses on engineering ethics, environmental ethics, biomedical ethics, and philosophy of technology. He is author of Refiguring Critical Theory (2002) and editor of Inner Space/Outer Space: The Humanities, Technology and the Postmodern World (1993); his monograph, Technological Musings: Reflections on Technology and Values, is forthcoming.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures xi

Acknowledgments xii

Source Acknowledgments xiii

General Introduction Craig Hanks 1

Section 1 Theoretical Reflections on Technology 7

Part I Introductory Considerations of Technology 9

1 Toward a Philosophy of Technology Hans Jonas 11

2 Four Philosophies of Technology Alan R. Drengson 26

3 The Relation of Science and Technology to Human Values William W. Lowrance 38

4 A Collective of Humans and Nonhumans Bruno Latour 49

5 Technology and Ethics Kristin Shrader-Frechette 60

Part II Considering the Autonomy of Technology 65

6 The Autonomy of Technology Jacques Ellul 67

7 Artifice and Order Langdon Winner 76

8 The Autonomy of Technology Joseph Pitt 87

Part III Existential and Phenomenological Considerations 97

9 The Question Concerning Technology Martin Heidegger 99

10 Man the Technician José Ortega y Gasset 114

11 Focal Things and Practices Albert Borgmann 122

12 A Phenomenology of Technics Don Ihde 134

Part IV Critical Theory 157

13 The New Forms of Control Herbert Marcuse 159

14 Technical Progress and the Social Life-World J&uumlet;rgen Habermas 169

15 The Critical Theory of Technology Andrew Feenberg 176

Part V Pragmatic Considerations 197

16 Science and Society John Dewey 199

17 Technology and Community Life Larry Hickman 206

Part VI Feminist Considerations 223

18 A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century Donna Haraway 225

19 Technological Ethics in a Different Voice Diane P. Michelfelder 247

Section 2 Applied Reflections on Technology and Value 259

Part VII Technology and Value in Everyday Life 261

Introduction 263

20 The Aesthetic Drama ofthe Ordinary John McDermott 265

21 Domestic Technology: Labour-saving or Enslaving? Judy Wajcman 272

22 Some Meanings of Automobiles Douglas Browning 289

Part VIII Values and BioTechnologies 295

Introduction 297

23 How Splendid Technologies Can Go Wrong Daniel Callahan 299

24 Genetics and Reproductive Risk: Can Having Children be Immoral? Laura M. Purdy 304

25 Preventing a Brave New World Leon Kass 311

26 Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research: Embryos and Beyond Inmaculada de Melo-Martin Marin Gillis 323

27 Food for Thought Nina V. Federoff Nancy Marie Brown 335

28 Value Judgments and Risk Comparisons. The Case of Genetically Engineered Crops Paul B. Thompson 347

Part IX Urban Values 357

Introduction 359

29 The Highway and the City Lewis Mumford 361

30 Designing Cities and Buildings as if They Were Ethical Choices Jessica Woolliams 369

31 The Local History of Space Steven Moore 373

32 Community Joseph Grange 385

33 Urban Ecological Citizenship Andrew Light 397

Part X Environmental Values 413

Introduction 415

34 Why Mow? Michael Pollan 417

35 Technology Lori Gruen 423

36 Environment, Technology, and Ethics Rajni Kothari 431

37 The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic J. Baird Callicott 438

38 Deep Ecology Bill Devall George Sessions 454

39 Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique Ramachandra Guha 460

40 Just Garbage Peter S. Wenz 468

Part XI Immediate Challenges: Information Technologies, Technological Systems and the Future of Human Values 477

Introduction 479

41 Philosophy of Information Technology Carl Mitcham 481

42 Into the Electronic Millennium Sven Birkerts 491

43 Why I Am not Going to Buy a Computer Wendell Berry 500

44 In the Age of the Smart Machine Shoshana Zuboff 504

45 The Social Life of Information John Seely Brown Paul Duguid 510

46 The Quest for Universal Usability Ben Sheniderman 522

Bibliography 531

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