Terror in the Heart of Freedom: Citizenship, Sexual Violence, and the Meaning of Race in the Postemancipation South / Edition 1

Terror in the Heart of Freedom: Citizenship, Sexual Violence, and the Meaning of Race in the Postemancipation South / Edition 1

by Hannah Rosen
     
 

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ISBN-10: 080785882X

ISBN-13: 9780807858820

Pub. Date: 11/01/2008

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

The meaning of race in the antebellum southern United States was anchored in the racial exclusivity of slavery (coded as black) and full citizenship (coded as white as well as male). These traditional definitions of race were radically disrupted after emancipation, when citizenship was granted to all persons born in the United States and suffrage was extended to

Overview

The meaning of race in the antebellum southern United States was anchored in the racial exclusivity of slavery (coded as black) and full citizenship (coded as white as well as male). These traditional definitions of race were radically disrupted after emancipation, when citizenship was granted to all persons born in the United States and suffrage was extended to all men. Hannah Rosen persuasively argues that in this critical moment of Reconstruction, contests over the future meaning of race were often fought on the terrain of gender.

Sexual violence—specifically, white-on-black rape—emerged as a critical arena in postemancipation struggles over African American citizenship. Analyzing the testimony of rape survivors, Rosen finds that white men often staged elaborate attacks meant to enact prior racial hierarchy. Through their testimony, black women defiantly rejected such hierarchy and claimed their new and equal rights. Rosen explains how heated debates over interracial marriage were also attempts by whites to undermine African American men's demands for suffrage and a voice in public affairs. By connecting histories of rape and discourses of "social equality" with struggles over citizenship, Rosen shows how gendered violence and gendered rhetorics of race together produced a climate of terror for black men and women seeking to exercise their new rights as citizens. Linking political events at the city, state, and regional levels, Rosen places gender and sexual violence at the heart of understanding the reconsolidation of race and racism in the postemancipation United States.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807858820
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
11/01/2008
Series:
Gender and American Culture Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
424
Sales rank:
233,494
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Part I A City of Refuge: Emancipation in Memphis, 1862-1866

1 City Streets and Other Public Spaces 23

2 A Riot and Massacre 61

Part II A State of Mobilization: Politics in Arkansas, 1865-1868

3 The Capitol and Other Public Spheres 87

4 A Constitutional Convention 133

Part III A Region of Terror: Violence in the South, 1865-1876

5 Houses, Yards, and Other Domestic Domains 179

6 Testifying to Violence 222

Notes 243

Bibliography 355

Acknowledgments 381

Index 385

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