Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Ethics and Liberal Democracy / Edition 1

Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Ethics and Liberal Democracy / Edition 1

by Seumas Miller
     
 

Undoubtedly, the events of September 11, 2001 served as a wake-up call to the scourge of global terrorism facing twenty-first century societies. But was the attack on the World Trade Center a crime or an act of war? Is seemingly indiscriminate violence inflicted on civilians ever morally justified? And should society's response always be in kind – with blind,

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Overview

Undoubtedly, the events of September 11, 2001 served as a wake-up call to the scourge of global terrorism facing twenty-first century societies. But was the attack on the World Trade Center a crime or an act of war? Is seemingly indiscriminate violence inflicted on civilians ever morally justified? And should society's response always be in kind – with blind, destructive violence? For that matter, are all civilians truly ‘innocent’? The answers are not always so simple.

Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Ethics and Liberal Democracy provides sobering analyses of the nature of terrorism and the moral justification – or lack thereof – of terrorist actions and counter-terrorism measures in today's world. Utilizing a variety of thought-provoking philosophical arguments, the historic roots of terrorism and its contemporary incarnations are explored in depth. Detailed analyses of organizations such as the IRA, the ANC, Hamas and Al-Qaeda will reveal the many faces of terrorism and its disparate motives and tactics. Discussion of the nature and scope of terrorism and whether it can ever be morally justified is balanced with analysis of counter-terrorism strategies and the methods and moral limits of counter-terrorism.

Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism will greatly broaden our understanding of the nature and morality of terrorism and counter-terrorist pursuits – a crucial precondition for establishing any form of enduring peace between nations in the twenty-first century world.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781405139427
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
06/24/2008
Series:
Blackwell Public Philosophy Series, #4
Pages:
232
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgements     ix
Introduction     1
The Varieties of Terrorism     7
Al-Qaeda     10
Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict     17
Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism and the IRA in Northern Ireland     19
The African National Congress's Armed Struggle in Apartheid South Africa     20
Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in India     23
Conclusion     26
Defining Terrorism     30
The Definition of Terrorism in Terms of Innocents     36
The Definition of Terrorism in Terms of Non-Combatants     41
Terrorism, Combatants and Authoritarian States     46
The Definition of Terrorism: An Indirect Strategy     50
Conclusion     58
Terrorism and Collective Responsibility     60
Moral Justification for the Use of Deadly Force     64
Civilian Immunity and Human Rights Violations     68
Civilian Immunity and Culpable Omissions     75
Terrorism and Non-Violent Rights Violators     79
Conclusion     81
Terrorism-as-Crime     83
Terrorism-as-Crime     84
Terrorism-as-Crime and Police Institutions     88
Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights in Liberal Democracies at Peace     97
Freedom of Speech     97
Shooting to Kill     99
Right Not to Self-Incriminate     104
Freedom of Action     104
Privacy     109
Conclusion     115
Terrorism, War and States of Emergency     117
Terrorist Attacks, Disasters and States of Emergency     120
Terrorism, Internal Armed Struggles and Theatres of War     132
Targeted Killings     139
Targeted Killings and the Problem of Dirty Hands     145
Conclusion     150
Torture     152
Definition of Torture     153
What Is Wrong with Torture?     160
The Moral Justification for One-Off Acts of Torture in Emergencies     163
The Moral Justification for Legalized and Institutionalized Torture     170
Conclusion     179
Bioterrorism and the Dual-Use Dilemma (with Michael Selgelid)     181
The Biological Weapons Convention     186
Experiments of Concern     187
Dual-Use Research: The Ethical Issues     189
Dissemination of Dual-Use Research Results     197
The Regulation of Dual-Use Research      202
An Independent Authority     206
Conclusion     207
Bibliography     209
Index     215

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