Terrorism and Homeland Security: An Introduction / Edition 6

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Overview

This best-selling text on terrorism clearly explains the major issues in the growing threat of both domestic and international terrorism while also covering current and historical information about terrorist groups in the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and South America. It provides rich pedagogical aids and the most up-to-date theories of the leading terrorist analysts.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534624484
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 1/3/2008
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 592
  • Sales rank: 899,652
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Jonathan R. White—a national expert on the topic of terrorism—is executive director of the Homeland Security Initiative. Immediately prior to that appointment, Dr. White served as dean of Social Sciences at Grand Valley State University. He has instructed on terrorism, militarism, criminology, police administration, philosophy, and justice in Western civilization. Since 1998, he has worked as an adjunct instructor with the State and Local Anti-Terrorism Training (SLATT) Program. A recognized expert on Middle Eastern extremism, Dr. White used his knowledge to develop and strengthen the SLATT program on international terrorism.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Part 1 The Criminology and Controversy of Terrorism 1
Chapter 1 Definitions, Tactics, and Behavior 2
Why Definitions Are Important 3
Definitions of Terrorism 4
The Meaning of the War on Terrorism 7
The Tactics of Terrorism 9
How Terrorist Groups Justify Behavior 10
Warrior Dreams 12
Terrorist Profiles: Three Views 12
Summary of Main Points 15
Key Terms 15
Suggested Readings 15
Web Resources 16
Chapter 2 The Origins of Modern Terrorism 17
Modern Democracies and the Birth of Terrorism in the West 18
Terrorism and the Anarchists 19
Terrorism and the Russian Revolution 22
Nationalistic Revolutionaries 23
Irish History and the Growth of Modern Terrorism 24
The Influence of Past Experience 26
Summary of Main Points 27
Key Terms 28
Suggested Readings 28
Web Resources 28
Chapter 3 Changing Group Structures and the Metamorphosis of Terrorism 30
Trying to Walk the Walk 31
Group Size and Campaign Length 32
Group Size Is Important 33
Creating Terrorist Organizations 35
New Models for a New Day 38
The Problems of Managing Organizations 40
The Individual: The Ultimate Small Group 43
Summary of Main Points 45
Key Terms 46
Suggested Readings 46
Web Resources 46
Chapter 4 The Advent of Religious Terrorism 48
Analysis of Religious Terrorism 49
The Social Characteristics of Terrorists: Juergensmeyer's Terror in God's Mind 51
Religions That Kill: Stern's Terror in God's Mind 52
The Logic of Religious Terrorism 54
Huntington's Clash of Civilizations and Esposito's Response 56
Role of Eschatology 59
Two Views of Islam and Terrorism 60
Summary of Main Points 62
Key Terms 63
Suggested Readings 63
Web Resources 64
Chapter 5 Financing Terrorism 65
The Importance of Funding 66
Crime Pays 68
A Macroeconomic Theory of the New Terrorist Economy 73
The Narcoterrorism Debate 76
Narcoterrorism: Another View 78
Summary of Main Points 79
Key Terms 80
Suggested Readings 80
Web Resources 80
Chapter 6 Types of Modern Terrorism 82
Cyberterrorism 83
Suicide Terrorism 86
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Biological Agents 90
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical and Radiological Agents 94
Summary of Main Points 96
Key Terms 97
Suggested Readings 97
Web Resources 97
Part 2 International Terrorism 99
Chapter 7 The Evolution of Jihadist Networks 100
Religion and Militant Religion 101
The Origins of the Jihadist Networks 103
Jihad Continues in Afghanistan 107
The Rise of Osama bin Laden 108
Declaring War on the United States 111
Summary of Main Points 119
Key Terms 119
Suggested Readings 119
Web Resources 120
Chapter 8 The Umbrella Effect 121
Jihad Moves to Central and Southeast Asia 122
Sunni Jihad from Africa to the West 128
The Metamorphosis of Hezbollah 130
The Current State of Hezbollah 136
A Sympathetic View of Hezbollah 137
A Critical View of Hezbollah 139
Summary of Main Points 140
Key Terms 141
Suggested Reading 141
Web Resources 142
Chapter 9 The Question of Israel and Palestine 143
The Origins of the Conflict 144
Palestinian Violence Expands 151
The PLO and the Changing Face of Middle Eastern Terrorism 152
Intifadas and Religious Revival 154
Summary of Main Points 156
Key Terms 157
Suggested Readings 157
Web Resources 157
Chapter 10 Middle Eastern Terrorism in Metamorphosis 159
The Palestinian Islamic Jihad 160
Hamas 163
The Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades 167
Jewish Fundamentalist Groups in Israel and Palestine 172
Controversial Counterterrorist Policies 174
Summary of Main Points 176
Key Terms 176
Suggested Readings 176
Web Resources 177
Chapter 11 Nationalistic and Ethnic Terrorism 178
The Logic of Ethnic Terrorism 179
The Basque Nation and Liberty 182
The PPK and Its Alter Egos 185
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam 189
The Origins and Development of the Anglo-Irish Conflict 193
The Early History of the Irish Republican Army 196
The 1916 Easter Rebellion 197
Independence and Separation 198
Trends in the IRA: 1930-1985 200
The Peace Accord and Peace Process in Ireland 203
Summary of Main Points 204
Key Terms 205
Suggested Readings 205
Web Resources 205
Chapter 12 Ideological Terrorism 207
The Status of Ideological Terrorism 208
Ideology and Marighella's Urban Model 211
The Demise of Left-Wing Ideology in Europe 216
Iraq Insurgency: Guerrillas or Terrorists, Ethnic or Ideological? 219
Summary of Main Points 222
Key Terms 222
Suggested Readings 222
Web Resources 223
Part 3 Domestic Terrorism 225
Chapter 13 Conceptualizing Terrorism in America 226
Early Studies of Domestic Terrorism 227
The Problem of Conceptualizing Terrorism in the United States 229
Classifying Terrorism in Criminal Justice 231
Smith's Analysis of Domestic Terrorism 234
Steven Emerson's View of Jihad and His Critics 238
Summary of Main Points 242
Key Terms 242
Suggested Readings 242
Web Resources 243
Chapter 14 Terrorism in the United States 244
Nationalistic Separatism: The Case of Puerto Rico 245
The Development of Right-Wing Violence 246
Contemporary Right-Wing Behavior, Beliefs, and Tactics 249
Conspiracies, Militias, and the Call to Arms 252
Pierce's Blueprint for Revolution 255
The Decline of the Left 256
Ecoterrorism, Animal Rights, and Genetic Engineering 257
Antiabortion Violence 259
Black Hebrew Israelism: An Apocalyptic Single Issue 261
Summary of Main Points 263
Key Terms 263
Suggested Readings 264
Web Resources 264
Part 4 Issues in Homeland Security 267
Chapter 15 In Search of Homeland Security 268
Defining Homeland Security 269
Clausewitz, Sun Tzu, and Views of War 271
Pearl Harbor and 9-11: Two Different Worlds 274
Redefining Conflict, Defense, and Intelligence 275
The Role of Symbols and Structures 277
Law Enforcement's Special Role 278
Building Intelligence Systems 280
Planning for Homeland Security 284
Creating a Culture of Information Sharing 285
Summary of Main Points 288
Key Terms 289
Suggested Readings 289
Web Resources 289
Chapter 16 Protecting the Homeland and Protecting Civil Liberties 291
Defense in Depth: Why Civil Liberties Interact with Civil Defense 292
The USA Patriot Act 293
Title II and the Debate about Intelligence Gathering 296
The Case for Increasing Executive Powers in the Face of Terrorism 299
The Case against Increasing Executive Powers in the Face of Terrorism 302
The Debate Concerning Intelligence Gathering 303
Militarization and Police Work 306
Summary of Main Points 308
Key Terms 308
Suggested Readings 308
Web Resources 309
Chapter 17 The Bureaucracy of Homeland Security 310
Bureaucracy: The Weberian Ideal 311
The Role of Law Enforcement and Intelligence 313
Protecting the Borders 315
Infrastructure Protection 317
DHS, Security, and Police Work 319
Possible Approaches for Homeland Security Bureaucracies 321
Bureaucratic Inhibitors 322
Stephen Flynn's Critique of the Ideal 325
Summary of Main Points 327
Key Terms 327
Suggested Readings 327
Web Resources 328
Chapter 18 The Media: Affecting Terrorism and Homeland Security 329
Television and Terrorism: A Cozy Relationship 330
The Media as a Force Multiplier 334
Security Forces vs. Reporters 337
Does Reporting Make Terrorism Contagious? 341
Censorship Debates 343
Summary of Main Points 345
Key Terms 346
Suggested Readings 346
Web Resources 346
Glossary 349
Bibliography 364
Index 384
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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing all of 5 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted February 13, 2008

    This Book Sucks

    This is one of the most dry books I have encountered in my criminal justice career thus far. Very boring. Hard to read. Just plain bad reading material.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted November 12, 2008

    more from this reviewer

    What a dilemma......!, (1 of 2)

    When local governments prove lack of temerity and live in chattering fear from terrorists in their midst, there will be no measure for panic, and experience indicate that fear breeds atrocities. <BR/>Experience also indicate that terrorists atrocities do not remain localized, they tend to spread outside the borders. <BR/><BR/>The UN should leave no stone unturned until terrorism is defined. <BR/>If the UN took, in unison, immediate actions in the past century to quash the plots for terrorist's acts, many sad events on the turn of this century would have not been speeded up so sudden and hysterical. <BR/>But the UN remained weak by the `Veto' power. <BR/>It is amazing how the `super powers' sat on heaps of weapons delicately stored in their arsenals to be on the look out against each others, tiger vis-à-vis tiger, while the bugs were brewing to bug. <BR/><BR/>Certainly the chain of events leading to 9/11 was so odd they would have been more fitting the famous James Bond - Agent 007 movies. <BR/>But the unfortunate fact is that what happened was gravely true. <BR/><BR/>The USA is to blame because by remaining so passive in the past and by sitting put and lethargic when bloody acts looked them in the eye, America delivered the `wrong' message. <BR/>It is incredible how the American public was left aloof to know if the successive Administrations had been seriously handling, or gathering intelligence, about bloody acts around the world. <BR/>It is also incredible how the USA abdicated its responsibilities to the UN waiting in profound ignorance to see how the disasters from `petty' and `localized' wars in small countries will unfold. <BR/><BR/>We can all recall Jimmy Carter's famous smile (a precursor of inaction) and his inclination towards pacifism. (Rescue attempt of American Hostages in Iran that failed). <BR/><BR/>Despite Ronald Reagan's gifted articulation, his soft actions were no match to his hard words and the same pacifist messages were again delivered. <BR/>The USA must have taken better heed of what went `wrong' in small countries on this planet (Lebanon for example), not to stoop from the slightest incident (the attack, that killed 241 marines, on their compound located at Beirut Airport on October 23, 1983, for example). Immediately after this sad event, the USA pulled their forces out of Lebanon - scuttling away from important pressing responsibilities. <BR/>As World Power, the USA should not have been deceived!!! <BR/><BR/>Georges Bush senior daring reprisals looked pale, later on, when Bill Clinton weakened them by his impulse to deal with internal matters at home mixed what they feared to believe with what they dared not to believe. Despite short periods of `hopes' during his first term, Bill Clinton occupied the media for quite sometime bringing up the image that USA house is crumbling, at its weakest point, leaving a lot to be desired. <BR/><BR/>Mr White sees the definition of terrorism very difficult to formulate, and it gets more confusing within 'Homeland Security.' <BR/>Who should decide what is a terrorist act or otherwise a resistance struggle? <BR/>Are the Palestinians terrorists? Were Yitzhak Shamir and Menachem Begin terrorists or resistance? <BR/>Are Hizbullah terrorists and who should decide so? Were members of the French resistance terrorists? <BR/>Which signposts should support `a definition' to be recognized by all nations? Should references to certain groups in history be taken as signposts, and equated with current ones? And how soon will it be settled?

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 19, 2008

    If you want to understand terrorism, this book is a must.

    I have had the pleasure of reading other books by White and I must say this book does a great job explaining some of the most critical components of terrorism. White shows the evolution of warfare to what is known today as terrorism, as well as offers insight into ways in which policy needs to adapt to meet the evolution of war tactics. Again, if you are interested in learning about terrorism, this book would be a great place to start.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 23, 2010

    No text was provided for this review.

  • Anonymous

    Posted July 24, 2011

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