Terrorism and Oil / Edition 1

Terrorism and Oil / Edition 1

by Neal Adams, Adams Neal
     
 

ISBN-10: 0878148639

ISBN-13: 9780878148639

Pub. Date: 11/28/2002

Publisher: PennWell Corporation

Adams, author of five books and member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, presents information on how the oil industry stands vulnerable to terrorist attacks and warns of possible future attacks and their potentially devastating impacts on the global economy. He examines terrorist tactics and weapons used in the oilfield, describes attack methods against common

Overview

Adams, author of five books and member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, presents information on how the oil industry stands vulnerable to terrorist attacks and warns of possible future attacks and their potentially devastating impacts on the global economy. He examines terrorist tactics and weapons used in the oilfield, describes attack methods against common oil targets, and outlines methods to mitigate possible damage on oil targets. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780878148639
Publisher:
PennWell Corporation
Publication date:
11/28/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
208
Product dimensions:
6.08(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.47(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Acknowledgmentsxiii
Forewordxv
Three in a Rowxvii
Section IEducation
1.Why Oil Terrorism--and Why Should We Care?1
The Impact of Oil2
Defining Terrorism4
A Historical Look at Oil Industry Terrorism5
Iran-Iraq War6
1991 Gulf War7
Anthrax Attack9
Oil Terrorism Incidents, 1999 and 200010
Can We Expect More Oil Attacks?10
2.The Mechanics of Oil Supply15
Oil and Gas Wells18
Storage Sites18
Oil and Gas Transportation Systems23
Offshore Drilling and Production Facilities25
Refineries27
3.World Oil Supply and Consumption29
Global Consumption30
U.S. Oil Addiction32
Global Oil Addiction35
OPEC36
World Oil Sources37
U.S. Petroleum Reserves39
Oil39
Gas40
Oil Traffic Routes41
Production and Unused Capacity42
4.Oil as a Weapon47
Disruptions47
Siege Warfare53
Choke Points56
Alyeska Pipeline57
Bab al-Mandab60
Bosporus Straits61
Caspian Sea65
East-West Pipeline68
Malacca Strait69
Panama Canal and Pipeline70
Strait of Hormuz72
Suez Canal73
Sumed Pipeline75
Minor Transport Routes75
Section IIAction
5.Terrorist Weapons79
Explosives81
Bombs85
Kidnapping90
Hijacking91
Nuclear Weapons and Dirty Bombs91
Dirty Bombs93
Weapons of Mass Destruction94
Acquisition By Known Terrorists96
Biological Weapons96
Bio Attack Sources99
Chemical Weapons99
6.Oil as a Target101
General Selection Criteria101
Access101
Security Level102
Process Interruption102
Specific Targets and Tactics102
Oil and Gas Reservoirs102
Oil Wells103
Pipelines106
System Capacity113
Interruptible Fuel113
Storage114
Oil Pipeline Movement115
7.General Risk and Exposure Assessment117
Risk Assessment Process118
Guidelines for Selecting a Risk Assessment Team119
Threat Assessment of Sites and Risk Factors120
Site Specific Threat Criteria and Developing an Assessment Plan127
Determining Sites That Need Protection134
Security Measures136
Selecting Optimum Security Measures142
Terrorist Threat Conditions143
Afterword147
Appendix AThreatcon System149
Glossary167
References175
Index195

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