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Terrorism Handbook for Operational Responders / Edition 1
     

Terrorism Handbook for Operational Responders / Edition 1

by Armando S. Bevelacqua, Richard H. Stilp, Richard H. Stilp, Richard H. Stilp
 

ISBN-10: 0766804755

ISBN-13: 9780766804753

Pub. Date: 08/01/1998

Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning

The only reference of its kind for emergency responders, this up-to-date book highlights the critical information required for response to terrorism incidents. It focuses on the planning and tactics necessary to establishing and implementing incident command, as well as new equipment and strategies that can enhance a responder's detection, monitoring, and protection

Overview

The only reference of its kind for emergency responders, this up-to-date book highlights the critical information required for response to terrorism incidents. It focuses on the planning and tactics necessary to establishing and implementing incident command, as well as new equipment and strategies that can enhance a responder's detection, monitoring, and protection capabilities. Organized to cover each of the CBRNE agents-chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive-the third edition also outlines and explains each of the six mission specific activities designed to address the latest concerns in terrorism response. Written to provide emergency responders with the knowledge and skills they need to prepare for and combat acts of terrorism, this book is a must for all emergency personnel who are called on to respond to a terrorist event.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780766804753
Publisher:
Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication date:
08/01/1998
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
110
Product dimensions:
6.04(w) x 9.04(h) x 0.29(d)

Table of Contents

Quick Reference Index xii

Preface xiii

Introduction xvi

Chapter 1 Risk and Control

Establishing Risk 1

Risk-Based Response 4

Analyze 5

Plan 5

Implement 6

Evaluate 7

Command and Control 7

Expedient Responder Concerns 8

Local, State, and Federal Response 8

Intelligence 9

Summary 10

Chapter 2 Chemical Agents

Overview 11

Neurotoxins (Nerve Agents) 12

Military Nerve Agents 12

Physiology of Neurotoxin Poisoning 14

Physical Properties and Routes of Entry 14

Decontamination 15

Treatment 15

Chemical Asphyxiants (Blood Agents) 16

Military Blood Agents 17

Physiology of Chemical Asphyxiants 17

Physical Properties and Routes of Entry of Cyanide Agents 19

Decontamination 20

Treatment 20

Respiratory Irritants (Choking Agents) 22

Military Choking Agents 22

Physiology of Respiratory Irritant Injury 23

Physical Properties and Routes of Entry 23

Decontamination 24

Treatment 24

Skin and Eye Irritants (Blister Agents, Vesicants) 25

Military Blister Agents (Vesicants) 25

Physiology of Blister Agent Exposure 26

Physical Properties and Routes of Entry 27

Decontamination 27

Riot Control Agents (Lacrimating Agents) 28

CN and CS 28

OC 29

Decontamination 29

Summary 30

Chapter 3 Biological Agents

Overview 33

Bacteria 34

Viruses 35

Biological Toxins 35

Infection Control Measures 35

Standard Precautions 35

Contact Precautions 36

Droplet Precautions 36

Airborne Precautions 36

Bacterial Agents 36

Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) 36

Cholera (Vibrio cholerae) 39

Pneumonic/Bubonic Plague (Yersinia pestis) 41

Tularemia (Francisella tularensis) 44

Q Fever (Coxiella burnietii rickettsia) 45

Salmonellae(Salmonella typhimurium) 45

Viral Agents 46

Smallpox (Variola virus) 46

Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE) 49

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHFs) 50

Biological Toxins 51

Botulism (Botulinum Toxin) 51

Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B (SEB) 53

Ricin 54

Tricholthecene Mycotoxins (T2s) 55

Summary 56

Chapter 4 Radiological and Nuclear Terrorism

Overview 59

Thermonuclear Devices 59

Dirty Bombs 60

Bombings Involving Storage Facilities or Transportation Vehicles 60

Types of Injuries to Expect from Exposure 61

Personal Protection 61

Time 62

Distance 62

Shielding 62

Monitoring 62

Summary 62

Chapter 5 Explosive Devices

Overview 65

Bomb Incidents 66

Bomb Threat 66

Device in Possession or Suspicious Package 67

Anatomy of Explosives 70

Explosion and Aftermath (Physiology of Blast Effects) 71

Blast Effects 73

Crush Injuries 74

Variations of Traditional Bombings 76

Suicide (Homicide) Bombers 76

Vehicle Bombers (Vehicle Borne Improvised) Explosive Device, or VBIED) 77

Dirty Bombs 78

Chemical Dispersion Devices 78

Summary 78

Chapter 6 Mission Specific

Overview 82

Section I Personal Protective Equipment 83

Chemical Protective Clothing 84

Level A 84

Level B 85

Level C 86

Chemical Suit Failure 87

Penetration 87

Degradation 87

Permeation 88

NFPA 1994 88

Respiratory Protection 89

New and Emerging Technology 89

Frontline Emergency Response Protection 90

Firefighting Gear 90

Hazardous Materials Team Gear 91

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Gear 91

Law Enforcement Gear 92

Hospital Decontamination Team Gear 92

Section I Summary 93

Section II Detection Devices 94

Steps in Basic Detection Deployment 95

Chemical Detection Devices 95

Colorimetric Tubes 95

pH Test Strips 96

Electrochemical Sensors 97

Combustible Gas Indicator (CGI) 97

Photoionization Detectors (PIDs) 99

Flame Ionization Detectors (FIDs) 100

Infrared Spectrometry (IR) 100

Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) 101

Radiation Detectors 101

Military Technology 102

M-8 Paper 102

M-9 Tape 103

M256A1 Detectors 103

Sound Acoustical Wave (SAW) 103

Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS) 104

Biological Detection 104

Handheld Assay 104

Bioluminescence Assay 105

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) 105

Section II Summary 105

Section III Decontamination 107

Types of Contamination 107

Dispersal Systems 108

Physical Decontamination (Gross Decontamination) 108

Chemical Decontamination 108

Wet Decontamination 108

Technical Decontamination and Neutralization 109

Hand and Equipment Decontamination 110

Mass Decontamination Considerations 111

Transition to the Establishment of a Defined Decon Line 112

Hospital Decontamination 113

Emergency Decontamination 114

Gross Decontamination 116

Wet (Full) Decontamination 116

Dry Decontamination 119

Mobile Decontamination Units 119

Section III Summary 121

Section IV Illicit Labs and Evidence Collection 122

Analyze 123

Preplanning for Different Types of Events 123

Illicit Drug Labs 123

Illicit Explosive Labs 124

Illicit Chemical-Biological Lab 124

Training Requirements for Each Lab Type 125

Planning 125

Pre-Search Planning 125

Secure, Containment, and Preservation Activities 126

Implementation 127

Section IV Summary 127

Section V Victim Removal 128

Section V Summary 128

Chapter 7 Quick Reference Tools

Reference A Target and Signature Profile 130

Reference B NBC Operational Preparedness Matrix 132

Reference C-1 Neurotoxins Informational Card 134

Reference C-2 Blister Agents Informational Card 135

Reference C-3 Chemical Asphyxiants Informational Card 136

Reference C-4 Respiratory Irritants Informational Card 137

Reference D Bioterrorism: Infection Control Practices for Patient Management 138

Reference E Chemical Agent Quick Reference 140

Reference F Biological Agents Quick Reference 141

Reference G Toxicological Terminology 142

Reference H Colorimetric Tubes and their Detection Characteristics 143

Reference I Complete Decon Corridor 144

Reference J Start Triage Method 145

Acronyms 147

Glossary 151

Index 155

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