Test Scores and What They Mean / Edition 6

Test Scores and What They Mean / Edition 6

by Howard B. Lyman
     
 

This fact-filled, authoritative introduction to psychological and educational testing equips new practitioners with an overview of how to interpret and use test scores effectively. With more coverage on the ethical considerations in test usage, this edition of this common-sense approach to using test data offers plain language analysis of the

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Overview

This fact-filled, authoritative introduction to psychological and educational testing equips new practitioners with an overview of how to interpret and use test scores effectively. With more coverage on the ethical considerations in test usage, this edition of this common-sense approach to using test data offers plain language analysis of the theory and implications of tests. It stresses the importance of the need for people, and not just computers, to be involved in the interpretation of test results. New practitioners and educators who need an easy-to-use guide to interpreting test scores and data.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205175390
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
10/27/1997
Series:
MySearchLab Series 15% off Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
190
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface.

1.Learning About Test Scores.

Testing Today.

No More Stalling!

Pretest.

Answers to the Pretest.

2.Basic Attributes of the Test.

Validity.

Reliability.

Usability.

3.The Language of Testing.

Maximum-Performance Tests.

Typical-Performance Tests.

Objective-Subjective-Projective Response.

Select-Response-Supply-Response.

Written-Oral-Performance Tests.

Standardized-Informal Tests.

Speed-Power Tests.

Group-Individual Tests.

Verbal-Nonverbal Tests.

Culture Fair.

How to Tell.

4.What's New in Testing Today.

Computers and Testing.

Criterion-Referenced Measurement.

Test-Item Banks.

Adaptive Testing.

Latent Trait Scaling.

Competency and Accountability.

What is Wrong?

Outcome Based Education.

Exceptional People: Those with Language and Physical Disabilities.

Portfolios.

New All Over Again?

Not Only in the United States.

5.Social Responsibility and Testing.

Tests Do Not Measure Innate Ability (Only).

Intelligence Tests Do Not Measure Creativity.

People Use Tests to Label Children as Morons, etc.

Standardized Tests Favor the Glib and Penalize the Thoughtful.

Tests Invade Privacy.

Tests Give Changing Results.

Tests Are Unfair.

Tests Are Misused and Misinterpreted.

6.A Few Statistics.

Introduction.

Descriptive Statistics.

The Normal Probability Curve.

Inferential Statistics.

Expectancy Tables.

An Omission and an Explanation.

7.Information About Tests.

Test Catalogs.

Test Publishers.

Test Manuals.

Don't Overlook Your Personal Computer.

8.Derived Scores.

A Classification Scheme.

The Scores.

Type I: Comparison with an “Absolute Standard,” or Content Difficulty.

Type II: Inter-Individual Comparisons.

Type III: Intra-Individual Comparisons.

Type IV: Assorted Arbitrary Bases.

A Final Word.

9.Test Profiles.

General Profiles.

The Good Profile.

Significant Differences in Profile Points.

Profile Analysis.

10.Don't Forget Common Sense.

Institutional and Individual Decisions.

Some Common Mistakes.

Other Sources, Too!

11.What Can We Say?

Who Is Entitled to Test Information?

Communicating the Results.

High and Low.

In Summary.

12.Closing Remarks.

Things to Keep in Mind.

Experts Still Needed.

Go Ahead and Try!

Appendix.

Glossary of Terms.

Selected Test Publishers.

Bibliography.

Code of Professional Responsibilities in Educational Measurement.

Conversion Table.

Index.

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