Test Tube Families: Why the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation

Test Tube Families: Why the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation

by Naomi R. Cahn, Michael Thurston
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0814716822

ISBN-13: 9780814716823

Pub. Date: 01/01/2009

Publisher: New York University Press

The birth of the first test tube baby in 1978 focused attention on the sweeping advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART), which is now a multi-billion-dollar business in the United States. Sperm and eggs are bought and sold in a market that has few barriers to its skyrocketing growth. While ART has been an invaluable gift to thousands of people, creating

Overview

The birth of the first test tube baby in 1978 focused attention on the sweeping advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART), which is now a multi-billion-dollar business in the United States. Sperm and eggs are bought and sold in a market that has few barriers to its skyrocketing growth. While ART has been an invaluable gift to thousands of people, creating new families, the use of someone else’s genetic material raises complex legal and public policy issues that touch on technological anxiety, eugenics, reproductive autonomy, identity, and family structure. How should the use of gametic material be regulated? Should recipients be able to choose the “best” sperm and eggs? Should a child ever be able to discover the identity of her gamete donor? Who can claim parental rights?

Naomi R. Cahn explores these issues and many more in Test Tube Families, noting that although such questions are fundamental to the new reproductive technologies, there are few definitive answers currently provided by the law, ethics, or cultural norms. As a new generation of "donor kids" comes of age, Cahn calls for better regulation of ART, exhorting legal and policy-making communities to cease applying piecemeal laws and instead create legislation that sustains the fertility industry while simultaneously protecting the interests of donors, recipients, and the children that result from successful transfers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814716823
Publisher:
New York University Press
Publication date:
01/01/2009
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents


Preface
Introduction
Part I Initial Conceptions
1 The Treatment Plan for Legal Issues
2 The Treatment Plan for Creating Babies
Part II The State of ART
3 Market Regulation
4 Parenting Regulation
5 Donating to Parenthood
6 Donor Identity
Part III Race, Class, and Gender: Who Benefits?
7 Barriers to Conception
8 Expensive Dreams
9 What Is Wrong with Technology?
Part IV Baby Steps Forward
10 Baby Steps: Going to Market
11 Five-Parent Families? A Proposition
12 Finding Out
Conclusion
Notes
Index
About the Author

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