Testing of Ceramics in Construction

Testing of Ceramics in Construction

by Geoff Edgell
     
 

ISBN-10: 1870325435

ISBN-13: 9781870325431

Pub. Date: 10/15/2003

Publisher: Whittles Publishing

A comprehensive guide on the testing of the main ceramic elements used in the construction industry

Overview

A comprehensive guide on the testing of the main ceramic elements used in the construction industry

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781870325431
Publisher:
Whittles Publishing
Publication date:
10/15/2003
Series:
Testing in Construction Series
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

1Introduction1
2Materials testing6
General6
Standard tests on masonry units17
Compressive strength
Water absorption
Density
Soluble salts
Moisture expansion
Frost resistance tests on clay masonry units
Standard tests on clay pavers43
Modulus of rupture
Slip and skid resistance
Frost resistance tests on clay pavers
Standard tests on wall, floor and roofing tiles70
General
The European testing systems for wall and floor tiles
Tile tests
Test limitations
The ISO testing system for tiles
Slip resistance
Inclined platform
Other factors
Clay roofing tiles
Standard tests on vitrified clay pipes83
General
Geometry
Crushing strength test
Bending moment resistance test
Fatigue strength
Abrasion resistance
Watertightness
Chemical resistance
Standard tests on hollow clay pot flooring91
General
Punching bending test
Longitudinal compression test
Dimensions
Moisture expansion
Fracture energy
Other tests95
Thermal expansion
Tensile testing
3Element testing105
Compressive strength105
General
Specimen format
Construction of test specimens and test procedure
Flexural strength110
General
Specimen format
Construction of specimens and test procedure
Shear strength114
General
Specimen format
Construction of test specimens and test procedure
Application of results
Brickwork containing sheet damp-proof course materials
Bond strength testing119
Introduction
Direct tension testing
Flexural tension testing
Bond wrench structural principles
Bond wrench calibration procedure
Variability of bond wrench measurements
Test specimens and apparatus
Testing of in situ masonry: method of use
Accuracy
Reporting bond wrench results for in situ tests
4Prototype testing139
5Full scale testing150
Wall testing150
Compression
Testing machines
Construction of test specimen and test procedure
Lateral load
Construction of walls and test procedure
Shear
Tests on shear walls
Reinforced and prestressed masonry testing164
Flexure and shear
Racking shear
Compression
Prestressed brickwork
Bed joint reinforcement
Arch bridges172
Explosions181
Fire resistance of brickwork185
Introduction
History
Development of fire testing methods
Practical testing and performance of clay brickwork
Legislation, application of test data, regulatory requirements
Future developments
Impact testing198
Introduction
Vehicle impact testing
Development of laboratory test arrangement
Teesside wall test arrangement
Initial test programme
Results
Conclusions
6Model testing215
7Accelerated testing219
Rain penetration testing: Laboratory and on site219
Background
Laboratory testing
Site testing
Water testing pipelines and manholes224
8Long-term testing228
Creep testing228
Definition of terms
Measurement of creep
Measurement of strain
Experimental procedures
9Appraisal of existing materials238
Structural testing238
Flat jack testing247
Introduction
Form
Applications in masonry
Why measure stress or elastic behaviour?
The principle
Determination of the effective area of flat jacks
Calibration of flat jacks
Procedure for measurement of stress in situ using flat jacks
Procedure for measurement of stress-strain behaviour in situ using flat jacks
Pull-out, penetration and impact hammer tests258
Introduction
Individual test methods
10Codes and standards265
11Future developments270
Index273

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