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“The most exhaustive, authoritative study of all Texans Indians to date.”-James Smallwood, Tsalagi/Cherokee Indian and award-winning author on Texas history
By the time the Europeans arrived in Texas in 1528, Native Texans included the mound-building Caddos of East Texas; Karankawas and Atakapas who fished the Texas coast; town-dwelling Jumanos along the Rio Grande; hunting-gathering Coahuiltecans in South Texas; and corn-growing Wichitas in the Panhandle. All of these native peoples had developed structures, traditions, governments, religions, and economies enabling them to take advantage of the land’s many resources. The arrival of Europeans brought horses, metal tools and weapons, new diseases and new ideas, all of which began to reshape the lives of Texas Indians.
Over time, Texas became a home to horse-mounted, buffalo-hunting Apaches, Comanches, and Kiowas and a refuge for Puebloan Tiguas, Alabama-Coushattas, Kickapoos and many others. These groups traded, shared ideas, fought and made peace with one another as well as peoples outside of Texas. This book tells the story of all of these groups, their societies and cultures, and how they changed over the years.
Author David La Vere offers a complete chronological and cultural history of Texas Indians from 12,000 years ago to the present day. He presents a unique view of their cultural history before and after European arrival, examining their interactions—both peaceful and violent—with Europeans, Mexicans, Texans, and Americans. This book is the first full examination of the history of Texas Indians in over forty years and will appeal to all of those with an interest in Native Americans and the history of Texas.
“La Vere has taken a wider range of themes and communities. This approach establishes The Texas Indians as the new standard on the subject for academics and non-academics alike.”—Indian Country Today
“. . . presents a solid examination of change across time and place, from historical era to historical era, as Indian peoples reacted to centuries of conflict and crisis. This book should be required for anyone interested in the history of Texas and the Southwest.”—Choice
“David La Vere has researched and written a book that will become a classic. He updates the story of Indian Texans with an eye toward using the most current primary research in the field, including his own. . . it will be a valuable supplement for any college course on Indians in the Americas and for any course on Texas history. . . . ” —East Texas Historical Journal
|Ch. 1||Texas' Earliest Peoples||3|
|Ch. 2||The Blossoming of Texas Cultures||26|
|Ch. 3||The Arrival of Strangers||57|
|Ch. 4||Expansion and Collapse in West Texas||77|
|Ch. 5||Resurgence in East Texas||103|
|Ch. 6||The Nations of the North||128|
|Ch. 7||Immigrants from the East||153|
|Ch. 8||The Wars for Texas||177|
|Ch. 10||From One Millennium to the Next||222|