Texas Politics Today / Edition 12

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TEXAS POLITICS TODAY continues to be a best seller because it offers students an overview of Texas politics by providing a wide range of viewpoints from contributing authors. Current issues and candid analysis of government increase student awareness and encourage political involvement.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534602116
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 6/24/2005
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 12
  • Pages: 448
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

William Earl Maxwell is a professor emeritus at San Antonio College, where he has taught courses in U.S. and Texas government since 1971. Throughout his career Maxwell has focused on innovative teaching techniques and improving the teaching and learning environments for students. As part of that effort, in 1975 Maxwell co-authored UNDERSTANDING TEXAS POLITICS, his first text on Texas government. He also co-authored such texts as POLITICS IN TEXAS and THE CHALLENGE OF TEXAS POLITICS: TEXT WITH READINGS. He completed his undergraduate and graduate work at Sam Houston State University.

A thirty-five year veteran instructor of political science, Ernest Crain specializes in political party competition, comparative state politics, and Texas public policy. Crain co-authored UNDERSTANDING TEXAS POLITICS, POLITICS IN TEXAS, THE CHALLENGE OF TEXAS POLITICS, and four editions of INTRODUCTION TO TEXAS POLITICS. Crain received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from the University of Texas in Austin.

Elizabeth N. Flores is a professor of political science at St. Mary's University. Previously a professor at Del Mar College in Corpus Christi, Flores has served as a director of the Corpus Christi Regional Transit Authority, written on politics for the Corpus Christi CALLER-TIMES, and co-hosted a public affairs show on PBS. She received her M.A. degree from the University of Michigan.

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Table of Contents

Preface     xi
Texas History and Culture     1
Politics and Government: The Early Years     2
Joining the Union     2
Early Statehood and Secession: 1846-1864     3
Post-Civil War Texas: 1865-1885     3
Politics and Government: 1886-1945     5
Governor Hogg     5
Farmer Jim: 1914-1918     5
World War I, the Twenties, and the Return of Farmer Jim: 1919-1928     6
The Great Depression: 1929-1939     8
"Pass the Biscuits, Pappy": 1938-1945     9
Politics and Government since World War II     10
The 1950s     11
The 1960s     12
The 1970s     12
The 1980s     13
The 1990s     13
The 2000s     14
Texas Political Culture     17
Moral, Traditional and Individualistic     17
Political Culture and Political Participation     18
Texas Cultural Regions     19
East Texas     20
The Gulf Coast     20
South Texas     21
Southwest Texas     23
German Hill Country     23
West Texas     26
The Panhandle     27
North Texas     27
Central Texas     27
Cultural Diversity     28
Conclusion     30
Key Terms     30
Review Questions     31
Logging On     31
Get Active!     31
Essay: Illegal Immigration and Texas Ideology   Fernando Pinon     33
How Texas Compares     36
The Texas Constitution in Perspective     41
The National Constitution and the States: Federalism     42
Division of Powers     42
Limits on States     43
The Texas Constitution     45
The Texas Constitution in History     45
The Texas Constitution Today     47
Bill of Rights and Fundamental Liberty     49
Separation of Powers     49
Legislative Branch     50
Executive Branch     52
Courts     54
Local Government     55
Suffrage     55
Amending and Revising the Texas Constitution     55
The Texas Constitution Compared     57
Conclusion     59
Key Terms     60
Review Questions     60
Logging On      61
Get Active!     61
Essay: Governor E. J. Davis and His Legacy for Texas   Lynn R. Brink   Charlotte A. Rike     62
Essay: A Square Peg in a Round Hole: The Regime of Governor Edmund J. Davis Reconsidered   Jeremy Curtoys     65
Voting and Elections     69
Political Participation     70
The Participation Paradox     70
Who Votes?     70
The Practice of Voting     72
Voter Turnout in the United States and in Texas     73
Reasons for Low Voter Turnout in Texas     77
Elections in Texas     80
Primary Elections     80
General Elections     85
Special Elections     86
The Conduct and Administration of Elections     87
Election Campaigns in Texas     96
Who Gets Elected     96
The General Election Campaign     97
Money in Political Campaigns     99
Conclusion     102
Key Terms     102
Review Questions     103
Logging On     103
Get Active!     103
Essay: Electronic Voting: Savior or Destroyer of American Democracy?   Gina Ulbert      105
Political Parties     109
Functions of Political Parties     110
Characteristics of American Political Parties     111
Pragmatism     111
Decentralization     111
Two-Party System     112
Development of the Texas Party System     113
The One-Party Tradition in Texas     113
Ideological Basis of Factionalism: Conservatives and Liberals     114
Conservative and Liberal Factions in the Democratic Party     115
Rise of the Republican Party     117
Conservative and Moderate Factions Within the Republican Party     118
Organizational Basis of Party Machinery in Texas     120
Temporary-Party Organization     120
Permanent-Party Organization     123
A New Era of Republican Dominance     124
Conclusion     127
Key Terms     127
Review Questions     128
Logging On     128
Get Active!     128
Essay: The Impact of the 2003 Redistricting of Texas: 2004 & 2006   David Romero     129
Interest Groups     133
Constitutional Guarantees     135
What Interest Groups Are     136
What Interest Groups Do      137
Direct Means of Influencing Government     138
Lobbying the Legislative and Executive Branches     138
Filing Suit in Court     139
Advising and Serving the State     139
Organizing Public Demonstrations     139
Indirect Means of Influencing Government     140
Electioneering     140
Educating the Public     140
Socializing     140
Why People Join Interest Groups     141
Types of Interest Groups     142
Economic Interest Groups     142
Noneconomic Interest Groups     142
Mixed Interest Groups     142
Factors That Affect Interest Group Power     143
Culture of Nonparticipation     143
Party Competition     143
Part-Time Legislature     144
Decentralization of Executive Branch Power     144
Law     144
The Media     145
Constituent Influence     145
Interest Groups as Checks on Interest Groups     146
Campaign Contributions     147
Conclusions About Balance in the Political System     148
The Regulation of Lobbying     149
Who Must Register and Report Lobbying Costs?     149
What Does a Lobbyist Report?     150
What Is Not Reported as Lobbying That Affects Lobbying?     151
Access to the Reports of Lobbyists     152
Reporting to Clients     152
The Craft of Lobbying     152
Before the Legislature     152
Before Administrative Agencies     153
Before the Courts     154
Which Interests Are Powerful?     155
Interest Group Dynamics and Power     156
Conclusion     159
Key Terms     161
Review Questions     161
Logging On     162
Get Active!     162
Essay: When Powers Collide: School Voucher Politics in Texas   Mitzi Mahoney     163
The Legislature: Organization and Structure     169
Geographic Districts     170
Qualifications for Membership     176
Formal Qualifications     176
Informal Qualifications     176
Organization of the Texas Legislature     179
Presiding Officers     179
Legislative Committees     181
Legislative Staff     183
Citizen Legislators     184
Terms      184
Compensation     185
The Limited Session     185
Conclusion     187
Key Terms     187
Review Questions     188
Logging On     188
Get Active!     189
Essay: Are Texas Legislative Elections Becoming More Competitive?   John David Rausch Jr.     190
The Legislative Process     193
Powers of the Presiding Officers     194
Procedural Tools of Leadership     194
Institutional Tools of Leadership     207
Restraints on the Powers of the Presiding Officers     209
Personality     209
The Team     209
The Lobby and Bureaucracy     209
The Governor     210
Political Climate     210
Political or Economic Ambition     211
Other Legislators     211
Conclusion     211
Key Terms     212
Review Questions     212
Logging On     212
Get Active!     213
Essay: Lobbying Didn't Let Up when the CHIP was Down   Gary Scharrer     214
Essay: Swarming Capitol Paid Off for SBC   Sanford Nowlin     218
The Governor      221
Qualifications, Tenure, and Staff     222
Formal Qualifications     222
Informal Criteria     223
Tenure, Removal, and Succession     224
Compensation     224
Staff     224
Tools of Persuasion     226
Legislative Tools of Persuasion     227
Executive Tools of Persuasion     231
Governor as Party Chief     236
Conclusion     237
Key Terms     237
Review Questions     237
Logging On     237
Get Active!     238
Essay: Governors and Texas Agencies   Patricia Caperton Parent     239
The Bureaucracy     243
The Texas Administration     244
Elected Executives     245
Appointed Executives     249
Boards and Commissions     249
Characteristics of Bureaucracy     251
Size     252
Neutrality     253
Hierarchy     256
Expertise     257
The Bureaucracy and Public Policy     257
Clientele Groups     257
The Legislature, the Lieutenant Governor, and the Speaker     258
The Governor     258
The Iron Texas Star     259
Public Support     260
Expertise     261
Information     261
Administration of the Law     261
Accountability     261
Conclusion     265
Key Terms     265
Review Questions     266
Logging On     266
Get Active!     267
Essay: Agencies and Influence: Electricity Deregulation (Last One Out, Turn Off the Light)   Christy Woodward Kaupert     268
The Judiciary     273
Civil and Criminal Cases     275
Original and Appellate Jurisdiction     276
Court Organization     277
Municipal Courts     277
Justices of the Peace     279
County Courts     281
District Courts     282
Courts of Appeals     283
Court of Criminal Appeals     284
Supreme Court     286
Juries     287
Grand Jury     288
Petit (Trial) Jury     289
Selection of Judges     290
The Politics of Judicial Selection in Texas     291
Conclusion     294
Key Terms     295
Review Questions     295
Logging On     295
Get Active!     296
Essay: Runaway Campaign Contributions in Texas Supreme Court Races: Causes, Impact, and Proposed Reforms   John C. Domino     298
Law and Due Process     305
Civil Law     306
Types of Civil Law     306
Issues in Civil Law     309
The Elements of Crime     310
The Crime     310
The Criminal     312
The Victim     313
Law Enforcement     315
State Agencies     315
Local Agencies     316
Prevention of Crime     316
Detection of Crime     317
Enforcement of Law     317
Gathering Evidence     317
Arrest     318
Detention     318
The Courts     320
Pretrial Court Activities     320
Formal Charges     322
Pretrial Hearings     322
Plea Bargaining     324
The Trial     324
Posttrial Proceedings     326
The Special Case of Juvenile Courts     327
Rehabilitation and Punishment      327
Texas Department of Criminal Justice     328
Clemency     329
Texas Youth Commission     329
Jails     330
Conclusion     330
Key Terms     331
Review Questions     332
Logging On     332
Get Active!     332
Essay: Texas Is Still No. 1! Statistics and Controversy in the Death Penalty Debate   Neal Coates     334
Essay: In Search of a Solution to America's Drug Problem: Will History Repeat Itself?   Orlando N. Bama     338
Taxing and Budgeting     345
Revenues     347
Taxation     347
Issues in Taxation     349
Other Revenues     354
The Budgetary Process     356
Conclusion     358
Key Terms     359
Review Questions     359
Logging On     359
Get Active!     360
Essay: Possible Texas Tax Reforms   Albert Luther Ellis III     361
Essay: Is Texas Last? An Examination of Political Culture and Health Insurance for Children   Gary Tschoepe     366
Spending and Services     369
Education in Texas      371
Elementary and Secondary Schools     372
The Politics of Public Education     373
Higher Education     378
The Politics of Higher Education     380
Health and Human Services     382
Income Support     382
Health Programs     382
Unemployment Programs     385
The Politics of "Welfare": Myths and Realities     385
Transportation     387
Highway Programs     387
The Politics of Transportation     388
Conclusion     390
Key Terms     391
Review Questions     391
Logging On     391
Get Active!     392
Essay: Health Care in a Texas County: the Indigent, the Undocumented, the Uninsured & Republican Compassionate Conservatism   Glenn David Garrison     393
Essay: The Impact of Texas's Fiscal Conservatism and Anti-Government Philosophy   Brian K. Dille     397
Local Government     403
Municipalities     405
General Law and Home-Rule Cities     405
Forms of Government     406
Municipal Election Systems     409
Revenue Sources and Limitations     410
Issues and Trends      412
Counties     415
Functions of Counties     416
Structure and Organization of Counties     418
Issues and Trends     421
Special-District Governments     422
Issues and Trends     424
Councils of Government     425
Conclusion     426
Key Terms     426
Review Questions     427
Logging On     427
Get Active!     427
Essay: A Nationwide Civic Organization Promotes Local Distinctiveness   Rick Henderson     429
Essay: Ethnic Polarization: A Major Factor in Corpus Christi's At-Large Elections   Robert R. Bezdek   Juan Carlos Huerta     431
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