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Robin Gill's Textbook of Christian Ethics has been a popular course book with students and lecturers for over 20 years. Now in its third edition this classic textbook has been completely revised to bring it up to date with recent developments in the field of Christian Ethics. All the popular features of the previous editions have been retained in this new edition. The book's main strength has always been its layout and structure. Integrating primary texts with explanatory material from the author, the book provides the student with a reader and textbook combined. The new edition focuses more strongly on current debates in all sections and expands on a variety of topics, with contributions on natural law approaches, virtue ethics in a pluralistic/postmodern world, the influential notion of the 'common good', just war theory, genetics and biotechnology, euthanasia and global justice, and sex and gender issues. Important modern contributions to Christian ethics are set out alongside classical texts from Augustine, Aquinas and Luther. The modern writers range from thinkers such as Niebuhr, Barth and Bonhoeffer to recent liberation and Third World theologians. Each series of texts is systematically analysed. The differing ethical positions and arguments are examined together with the social and historical factors which shaped them.
INTRODUCTION Structure System of Analysis The Texts: Augustine, Aquinas and Luther The Extracts Method of Study Section 1 METHODOLOGY Introduction to Methodology Text I Augustine 'God's Foreknowledge and Human Free-will' from The City of God
Text II Aquinas 'Natural Law' from Summa Theologica
Text III Luther from Treatise on Good Works
Analysis of Extracts Extract 1 Bonhoeffer 'Ethics and Christian Ethics' from Ethics
Extract 2 Fletcher from Situation Ethics
Extract 3 Copleston 'Objections to Natural Law' from Aquinas Extract 4 John Paul II 'The Crisis of Moral Truth' from Veritatis Splendor Extract 5 Fiorenza 'Ethics and Feminist Theology'
Extract 6 Cupitt 'Post-Realist Ethics' from Solar Ethics Extract 7 Porter 'Virtue Ethics' from Moral Action and Christian Ethics Critique of Extracts
Section 2 POLITICS, ECONOMICS AND JUSTICE Introduction to Politics, Economics and Justice Text IV Augustine 'The Earthly and Heavenly Cities' from The City of God Text V Aquinas from On Princely Government
Text VI Luther from Trade and Usury
Analysis of Extracts
Extract 8 Barth 'God's Judgment on Political Revolutions' from The Epistle to the Romans Extract 9 Berdyaev 'Politics and the Spirit' from Freedom and the Spirit Extract 10 Niebuhr 'The Conflict Between Individual and Social Morality' from Moral Man and Immoral Society Extract 11 Temple from Christianity and Social Order Extract 12 John XXIII 'Towards a World Government' from Pacem in Terris Extract 13 Miranda 'Justice and Almsgiving' from Marx and the Bible Extract 14 Hollenbach 'The Common Good and Globalisation' from The Common Good and Christian Ethics Critique of Extracts
Section 3 WAR AND PEACE
Introduction to War and Peace
Text VII Augustine 'The Just War' from Reply to Faustus the Manichaean Text VIII Aquinas 'War, Christians and the Clergy' from Summa Theological
Text IX Luther from Whether Soldiers, too, Can be Saved
Analysis of Extracts
Extract 15 Welty 'Wars of Aggression and Defence from A Handbook of Christian Social Ethics
Extract 16 Ramsey from Who Speaks for the Church?
Extract 17 US Catholic Bishops from The Challenge of Peace
Extract 18 Hauerwas 'Pacifism: Some Philosophical Considerations'
Extract 19 Bonino 'Liberation Theology and Peace' from Revolutionary Theology Comes of Age
Extract 20 O'Donovan 'Discrimination and Double-Effect' from The Just War Revisited
Critique of Extracts
Section 4 THE ENVIRONMENT
Introduction to the Environment
Text X Augustine from The Literal Meaning of Genesis
Text XI Aquinas 'Creation and Divine Providence' from Summa Contra Gentiles
Text XII Luther from Commentary on Genesis (1.26-31)
Analysis of Extracts Extract 21 White 'The Theological Roots of our Ecological Crisis'
Extract 22 Gregorios 'Ecology and the World Council of Churches'
Extract 23 Abraham 'Liberation and Eco-Justice'
Extract 24 Clark 'Christian Responsibility for the Environment'
Extract 25 McFague 'An Earthly Theological Agenda' Critique of Extracts
Section 5 HUMAN LIFE AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS
Introduction to Human Life and Interpersonal Relationships
Text XIII Augustine 'Suicide' from The City of God
Text XIV Aquinas 'Fornication and Marriage' from Summa Contra Gentiles
Text XV Luther from On the Jews and Their Lies
Analysis of Extracts
Extract 26 Küng 'Euthanasia' from A Dignified Dying?
Extract 27 Quaker Group from Towards a Quaker View of Sex Extract 28 Ware 'Marriage and Divorce - an Orthodox Perspective'
Extract 29 Paul VI 'Birth Control' from Humanae Vitae
Extract 30 Cahill 'Bioethics and AIDS'
Extract 31 WCC 'Churches Against Racism'
Extract 32 Ruether 'Western Christianity and Zionism'
Critique of Extracts Bibliography Indices