Textile Processing and Properties: Preparation, Dyeing, Finishing and Performance / Edition 2by T.L. Vigo, T. L. Vigo, Vigo T. L. Vigo
Pub. Date: 03/25/1994
Publisher: Elsevier Science
The type and amount of textile products have greatly proliferated over the last decade. Concomitant textile processing to improve the properties and ultimate performance has also undergone dramatic changes. Ready availability of instrumentation, computers, lasers and integration of these advances with similar progress in polymer/material science have led to the
The type and amount of textile products have greatly proliferated over the last decade. Concomitant textile processing to improve the properties and ultimate performance has also undergone dramatic changes. Ready availability of instrumentation, computers, lasers and integration of these advances with similar progress in polymer/material science have led to the need for a unified discussion on these topics.
The current book concisely discusses all aspects of textile processing, modification and performance for four major topics: preparation (by fiber type), dyeing and printing (dye type, theory and synthesis; dye classification by structure and application), improving functional and aesthetic textile properties (physical, chemical and physicochemical processes and concepts), and performance (chemical analysis, instrumental methods; physical, chemical, biological, multiple influences and standard tests). A detailed and logical progression from the initial purification of textiles to their performance and care is described. The book will be useful as a text for textile/polymer courses at undergraduate and graduate levels and as a comprehensive source of information for textile scientists, engineers, manufacturers, retailers and others with an interest in textile products.
Table of Contents1. Preparatory Processes. Introduction. Singeing. Sizing and desizing. Scouring and carbonizing. Bleaching and optical brightening processes. Mercerization and liquid ammonia treatment of textiles. General references. Text references. 2. Fundamentals of Dyes and Dyeing Processes for Textiles. Introduction. Relationship of color to chemical constitution of dyes. Physical chemistry of dyeing. Classification of dyes. Synthesis of dyes. General references. Text references. 3. Methods of Applying Dyes to Textiles. Introduction. Application of dyes containing anionic functional groups. Dyes containing cationic functional groups. Dyes requiring chemical modification before application. Special dyeing techniques and classes of colorants. Dyeing machines and processes. Textile printing. General references. Text references. 4. Fabrics with improved aesthetic and functional properties. Introduction. Dimensional stabilization by mechanical and thermal methods. Production of surface effects in fabrics. Methods for improving functional properties. Improvement of specific functional properties. Energy conservation processes. General references. Text references. 5. Textile Performance Determined by Chemical and Instrumental Methods. Introduction. Wet chemical methods. Instrumental methods of analysis. Color and its measurement. General references. Text references. 6. Textile performance: End Use and Relevant Tests. Overview. Physical agents and associated test methods. Chemical agents and influences. Biological agents and influences. Multiple agents and factors that affect textile performance. General references. Text references. Author index. Subject index.
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