The Abolitionist Legacy: From Reconstruction to the NAACP / Edition 2

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Overview

Building on arguments presented in The Struggle for Equality, James McPherson shows that many abolitionists did not retreat from Reconstruction, as historical accounts frequently lead us to believe, but instead vigorously continued the battle for black rights long after the Civil War. Tracing the activities of nearly 300 abolitionists and their descendants, he reveals that some played a crucial role in the establishment of schools and colleges for southern blacks, while others formed the vanguard of liberals who founded the NAACP in 1910. The author's examination of the complex and unhappy fate of Reconstruction clarifies the uneasy partnership of northern and southern white liberals after 1870, the tensions between black activists and white neo-abolitionists, the evolution of resistance to racist ideologies, and the origins of the NAACP.

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Editorial Reviews

Reviews in American History
The Abolitionist Legacy shows many of the same graces as its predecessor: wide-ranging and careful research, a strong sense of story line, an eye for good quotations, unyielding sympathy for those who devoted their lives to uplifting the freedmen.
Political Science Quarterly
In addition to discussing the complex blend of egalitarianism and paternalism in the thought of white proponents of black advancement, McPherson offers suggestions of the intricate mixture of racial consciousness, individual ambition, and racial romanticism that continues to fuel modern black separatism.
The Times Literary Supplement
Must surely be assigned an important place in the literature of the history of ideas and of race relations in the United States.
From the Publisher
"The Abolitionist Legacy shows many of the same graces as its predecessor: wide-ranging and careful research, a strong sense of story line, an eye for good quotations, unyielding sympathy for those who devoted their lives to uplifting the freedmen."—Reviews in American History

"In addition to discussing the complex blend of egalitarianism and paternalism in the thought of white proponents of black advancement, McPherson offers suggestions of the intricate mixture of racial consciousness, individual ambition, and racial romanticism that continues to fuel modern black separatism."—Political Science Quarterly

"Must surely be assigned an important place in the literature of the history of ideas and of race relations in the United States."—The Times Literary Supplement

Reviews in American History
The Abolitionist Legacy shows many of the same graces as its predecessor: wide-ranging and careful research, a strong sense of story line, an eye for good quotations, unyielding sympathy for those who devoted their lives to uplifting the freedmen.
Library Journal
These volumes, published in 1975 and 1964, respectively, chronicle the abolitionist movement from before the Civil War to the part it played in the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s. LJ's reviewer found The Abolitionist Legacy an "ably researched, well-written book" LJ 12/15/75.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780691100395
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 2/1/1976
  • Series: Princeton Paperbacks Series
  • Edition description: 2nd ed.
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 456
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.24 (h) x 1.07 (d)

Meet the Author

James M. McPherson
Initially moved to study the history of the South as a way of understanding the civil rights movement, James M. McPherson has become the preeminent expert on the Civil War and Reconstruction. His award-winning work provides detail, context and a modern perspective on one of America's most important historical periods.
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    1. Hometown:
      Princeton, New Jersey
    1. Date of Birth:
      October 11, 1936
    2. Place of Birth:
      Valley City, North Dakota
    1. Education:
      B.A., Gustavus Adolphus College (St. Peter, MN) 1958; Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, 1963

Table of Contents

Preface to the 1995 Edition
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction 3
Ch. 1 Unfinished Task: The Civil Rights Act of 1875 13
Ch. 2 Reconstruction Reconfirmed? The Election of 1872 24
Ch. 3 Reconstruction Unravels, 1873-1876 35
Ch. 4 Time, Education, and Bootstraps 53
Ch. 5 The Compromise of 1877 81
Ch. 6 Crosscurrents and Confusion, 1877-1880 95
Ch. 7 The New South 107
Ch. 8 Good-bye to the Bloody Shirt 121
Ch. 9 The Roots of Freedmen's Education 143
Ch. 10 Between Black and White: Puritans in Babylon 161
Ch. 11 Paternalism and Piety 184
Ch. 12 Detour or Mainstream? The Curriculum of Missionary Schools 203
Ch. 13 The Segregation Issue 224
Ch. 14 Berea College 244
Ch. 15 The Struggle for Black Control 262
Ch. 16 The Shattering of Hope 299
Ch. 17 Women's Rights and Anti-Imperialism 318
Ch. 18 History and Biology 333
Ch. 19 Booker T. Washington and the Reaffirmation of Gradualism 354
Ch. 20 The Rejection of Gradualism and the Founding of the NAACP 368
Appendix A: Abolitionists on Whom This Book is Based 395
Appendix B: Southern Negro Colleges and Secondary Schools
Established by Northern Mission Societies
409
A Note on Sources 417
Index 423
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