The Adélie Penguin: Bellwether of Climate Change [NOOK Book]

Overview


The Adélie penguin is one of the best-studied birds in the world and is the subject of research programs from a dozen nations interested in monitoring changes in the environment and the food webs of the Southern Ocean. This species' population has been changing dramatically over the past few decades coincident with a general warming of the maritime portion of Antarctica. When the sea-ice is seen to decline so does the population of Adélie penguins. Further south, however, the ...

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The Adélie Penguin: Bellwether of Climate Change

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Overview


The Adélie penguin is one of the best-studied birds in the world and is the subject of research programs from a dozen nations interested in monitoring changes in the environment and the food webs of the Southern Ocean. This species' population has been changing dramatically over the past few decades coincident with a general warming of the maritime portion of Antarctica. When the sea-ice is seen to decline so does the population of Adélie penguins. Further south, however, the population is increasing.

This book summarizes our present ecological knowledge of this polar seabird. In so doing, David Ainley describes the ecological factors important to its life history and details the mechanisms by which it is responding to climate change. The author also chronicles the history of research on Adélie penguins, beginning with the heroic expeditions at the beginning of the twentieth century.

Weaving together history, ecology, natural history, and written accounts from the earliest Antarctic naturalists into a fascinating account of this charismatic bird, The Adélie Penguin provides a foundation upon which future ornithological research and environmental monitoring can be based. It is a model for investigations into the effect of climate change on a particular species. The book also contains many fine illustrations from the accomplished illustrator Lucia deLeiris and photographs by the author.

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Editorial Reviews

Choice

This fascinating treatise on this interesting bird's life is very informative and would be an asset to any library.

Ibis

This book is a testimony to a life's work on a fasicnating bird in an exciting environment... Although the book is very correct and the tone is humble, it is at the same time very personal and entertaining.

Bioscience
a delightfully written volume that is certain to please the amateur birder, the polar traveler, and the serious academic ornithologist...jolly good show

— William J. L. William

Quarterly Review of Biology
The book is valuable and thought provoking because it will draw the attention of readers to both the obvious direct and the subtle indirect ties between the birds and the many types of sea ice that characterize and shape their environment.

— Theresa L. Bucher

Ecology
Ainley clearly implies that long-term research on Adelie penguins may offer a unique window through which to examine contemporary ecological issues related to global climate change and its effects on the structure and function of ecosystems.

— William R. Fraser

International Hawkwatcher

[This book] reflects state-of-the-art ornithological and ecological knowledge of these charming birds... Most highly recommended to birders, ornithologists, and the academic libraries they haunt worldwide.

The Condor
this is an excellent book on the Adelie Penguin...this book will hold [readers'] attention

— Gerald Kooyman

Ecology - William R. Fraser

Ainley clearly implies that long-term research on Adelie penguins may offer a unique window through which to examine contemporary ecological issues related to global climate change and its effects on the structure and function of ecosystems.

Quarterly Review of Biology - Theresa L. Bucher

The book is valuable and thought provoking because it will draw the attention of readers to both the obvious direct and the subtle indirect ties between the birds and the many types of sea ice that characterize and shape their environment.

Bioscience - William J. L. William

a delightfully written volume that is certain to please the amateur birder, the polar traveler, and the serious academic ornithologist...jolly good show

The Condor - Gerald Kooyman

this is an excellent book on the Adelie Penguin...this book will hold [readers'] attention

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780231507325
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • Publication date: 12/6/2002
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 1,177,440
  • File size: 21 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author


David Ainley is an environmental consultant based in Sausalito, California. He has researched the Adélie penguin for over thirty years and has made twenty-two trips to Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. He is author of three books and over one hundred and fifty scientific papers.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Outline of the Present Volume
Ch. 1 Introduction 1
Ch. 2 Marine Ecology 15
A Primer on Sea Ice As It Applies to Adelie Penguins 18
At-Sea Range and Habitat 25
Diet 43
Prey Capture 51
Foraging Behavior 55
Foraging Cycles and Energetics 65
How Much Prey Must Adelie Penguins Capture? 67
Ch. 3 Breeding Populations: Size and Distribution 69
What Is a Penguin Colony? 74
Adelie Penguin Colonies and Their Distribution in Antarctica 85
Geographic Structure 88
Factors Affecting the Distribution of Breeding Colonies 90
Ch. 4 The Annual Cycle 99
Colonial Nesting: Constraints and Advantages 100
Timing of Nesting: General Considerations 102
The Pattern of Colony Occupation 106
Timing of Nesting: Geographic Variation 110
Timing of Nesting: Effect of Age 112
The Molt 121
Further Thoughts About the Adelie Penguin's Annual Cycle 127
Ch. 5 The Occupation Period: Pair Formation, Egg Laying, and Incubation 131
Age at First Breeding 131
Nests and Territories 136
Pair Formation and Retention 141
Egg-Laying Date 146
Eggs 150
Incubation 158
Hatching Success 165
Further Thoughts 170
Ch. 6 The Reoccupation Period: Chicks and Breeding Success 171
The Chick 172
Phases of Parental Care 175
Chick Survival 181
Fledging 183
Breeding Success 185
What Breeding Patterns of Related Species Tell Us About Adelie Penguins 191
Reproductive Effort: Age Versus Experience 196
Ch. 7 Predation 199
Killer Whale 200
Leopard Seal 203
South Polar Skua 210
Ch. 8 Demography 219
Why Three-Year-Olds Risk Breeding 222
Fecundity 224
Survivorship and Age Structure 226
Why Is Breeding Deferred? 232
The Balance of Demographic Variables 238
Ch. 9 The Bellwether of Climate Change 243
Trends in Adelie Penguin Populations 249
Factors Explaining Population Trends 253
Patterns Revealed in the Prehistoric Record 259
Final Thoughts 268
Literature Cited 271
Index 305
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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 28, 2013

    Just say 5

    I am just saying 5 stars because i have done adelie penguins in class and they are so fun to learn them. plus this book is way to expensive.

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