The Advisers: Scientists in the Policy Process

Overview

America's governing system is unique in the extent to which scientists and other outside experts participate in the policy process. No other nation uses these experts so extensively, not merely for advice on the allocation of resources to science but also in broad policy issues. This wide-ranging study traces the rise of scientists in the policy process and shows how outside experts interrelate with politicians and administrators to produce a unique and dynamic policy process. It also shows how the very openness ...
See more details below
Available through our Marketplace sellers.
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (3) from $1.99   
  • New (1) from $50.00   
  • Used (2) from $1.99   
Close
Sort by
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Note: Marketplace items are not eligible for any BN.com coupons and promotions
$50.00
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(177)

Condition:

New — never opened or used in original packaging.

Like New — packaging may have been opened. A "Like New" item is suitable to give as a gift.

Very Good — may have minor signs of wear on packaging but item works perfectly and has no damage.

Good — item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Acceptable — item is in working order but may show signs of wear such as scratches or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Used — An item that has been opened and may show signs of wear. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Refurbished — A used item that has been renewed or updated and verified to be in proper working condition. Not necessarily completed by the original manufacturer.

New
Brand new.

Ships from: acton, MA

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Close
Sort by
Sending request ...

Overview

America's governing system is unique in the extent to which scientists and other outside experts participate in the policy process. No other nation uses these experts so extensively, not merely for advice on the allocation of resources to science but also in broad policy issues. This wide-ranging study traces the rise of scientists in the policy process and shows how outside experts interrelate with politicians and administrators to produce a unique and dynamic policy process. It also shows how the very openness of American government creates the potential for unusual conflicts of interest. Bruce Smith focuses on the experience of agency and presidential-level advisory systems over the past several decades. He chronicles the special complexities and challenges resulting from the Federal Advisory Committee Act--the "open meeting" law--to provide a better understanding of the role of advisory committees and offers valuable lessons to guide their future use. He looks at science advice in the Departments of Defense, State, and Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Environmental Protection Agency, and then examines how science advisory mechanisms have worked at the White House. Rather than simply providing a description of structures and institutions, Smith shows the advisory systems in action--how advisory systems work or fail to work in practice. He analyzes how the advisers influence the policymaking process and affect the life of the agencies they serve. Smith concludes with an assessment of the relationship between science advice and American democracy. He explains that the widespread use of outside advisers clearly reflects America's preference for pluralism. By scrutinizing agency plans, goals, and operations, advisers and advisory committees serve a variety of functions and attempt to strike a balance between openness and citizen access to government and the need for discipline and sophisticated expertise in policymaking. At the
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780815779902
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • Publication date: 4/28/1992
  • Pages: 238
  • Product dimensions: 6.22 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 1.01 (d)

Table of Contents

1 The Political Role of the Science Adviser 1
Key Questions 2
Some Preliminary Boundaries 3
Judging Success 5
An American Phenomenon 7
2 The Changing Legal and Institutional Framework for Science Advice 11
The Founders, Science, and the New Democracy 11
The First Advisory Committees 14
Technical Advice in the Nineteenth Century 16
The Twentieth Century 17
Efforts to Reform the System 19
The Adoption of the Federal Advisory Committee Act 21
Key Provisions of the FACA 26
Conflicts of Interest 31
The Evolution and Management of the Advisory System 36
Summary 45
3 The Effective Use of Science Advisers: The Defense Science Board 48
Background and Origins 49
The Foundations of the DSB 50
Early History 52
Maturity 54
The DSB in Operation 58
Current Trends and Problems 60
Advisers and Policymakers 64
4 Science, Law, and Regulation: The EPA Science Advisory Board 68
Science Advice at the EPA 69
The EPA Science Advisory Board 74
The First Reagan Term 89
Maturity: Gains in Status and Influence 92
The Contemporary SAB 95
Epilogue 98
5 Advice, Policy Ambiguity, and Goal Confusion: The Department of Energy 101
Background 102
Early History 103
The 1980s 106
Other DOE Technical Advisory Committees 110
Conflicts of Interest 111
Impact of Studies by the Energy Research Advisory Board 112
The Watkins Era 113
Conclusions 118
6 Symbolic Politics and the Search for Public Support: The NASA Advisory Council 122
Insiders versus Outsiders 128
A Lack of Dissent 131
The Advisory Committee on the Future of the U.S. Space Program 132
7 Strangers in a Strange Land: Science Advisers in the State Department 137
Background 137
Recreation of the Advisory Committee 141
Explaining the Failure 144
The Reagan Era 147
Conclusions 150
8 Science Advisers at the Presidential Level 155
Does the President Need Science Advice? 157
A Brief History of Presidential Science Advice 160
The Fall and Rise of the Presidential Science Advisory System 169
Science and Presidential Policymaking: The Bush Administration 179
Conclusions 185
9 Science Advice and American Democracy 189
Future Challenges 191
The Meaning of "Fair Balance" in the Advisory System 192
Should the Federal Advisory Committee Act Be Amended? 194
Conflicts of Interest 197
Should Scientists Provide Technical Advice Only? 200
Conclusions 204
Notes 209
Index 231
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)